Spotted woodpeckers   , or woodpeckers  ( lat. Dendrocopos ) - a genus of birds of the woodpecker family , common in Eurasia and North Africa . In addition to the genus Dendrocopos itself , other representatives of the family are also called woodpeckers.
Great Spotted Woodpecker
|International scientific name|
Dendrocopos Koch , 1816
These are small and medium-sized birds, leading predominantly arboreal life. They feed on insects, which, with their beak, are extracted from under the bark of tree trunks. The skull of a woodpecker is large and strong. The beak is long, straight and conical. It uses a wedge-shaped tail as a support. All species have mottled black and white plumage, most also have red and yellow markings on the head and other parts of the body.
Nest in hollows, choosing dead or diseased trees. The eggs are oblong, white.
Woodpeckers sometimes use empty cans and pieces of iron as a drum so that their drum roll sounds far enough: they call other woodpeckers to themselves.
- Dendrocopos temminckii
- Dendrocopos maculatus - Philippine pointed woodpecker
- Dendrocopos canicapillus - Great pointed woodpecker
- Dendrocopos moluccensis - Malaysian Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos kizuki - Small pointed woodpecker
- Dendrocopos auriceps - Brownfin Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos macei - Yellow-breasted Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos atratus - Speckled Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos mahrattensis - Yellow- caped Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos dorae - Arabian Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos hyperythrus - Red-bellied Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos darjellensis - Sikkim Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos cathpharius - Red-bellied Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos medius - Medium Spotted Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos leucotos - White-backed Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos major - Great Spotted Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos syriacus - Syrian Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos leucopterus - White-winged Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos assimilis - Tamarisk Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos himalayensis - Himalayan Woodpecker
- Dendrocopos obsoletus - Burispin Woodpecker
- Koblik, 2001 , p. 175.
- Dendrocopos major (Linnaeus, 1758) - Spotted woodpecker . Vertebrate animals of Russia . Severtsov Institute of RAS . Date of treatment April 23, 2010. Archived on February 5, 2012.
- Boehme R. L. , Flint V. E. The Bilingual Dictionary of Animal Names. Birds. Latin, Russian, English, German, French / Ed. ed. Acad. V. E. Sokolova . - M .: Rus. lang., "RUSSO", 1994. - S. 195-197. - 2030 copies. - ISBN 5-200-00643-0 .
- Brett W. Benz, Mark B. Robbinsa, A. Townsend Peterson. Evolutionary history of woodpeckers and allies (Aves: Picidae): Placing key taxa on the phylogenetic tree // Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. - 2006. - T. 40 , No. 2 . - S. 389-399 .
- Boehme R. L. , Flint V.E. Birds. // Bilingual dictionary of animal names. Birds. Latin, Russian, English, German, French / Ed. ed. Acad. V. E. Sokolova . - M .: Rus. lang., RUSSO, 1994. - 845 p. - 2030 copies. - ISBN 5-200-00643-0 .
- A.I. Ivanov, E.V. Kozlova, L.A. Portenko, A. Ya. Tugarinov. 2. // Birds of the USSR. - M .: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1953. - 344 p.
- Koblik E.A. Variety of birds (based on the materials of the exposition of the Zoological Museum of Moscow State University. - Publishing House of Moscow State University, 2001. - Vol. 3 (Units Owls, Goats-like, Swift-like, Mouse-birds, Crown-shaped, Rakshoobrazny, Woodpeckers, Vorobyobrazny (family. Dart frog-Mockingbird)) .- 358 p. - ISBN 5-211-04072-4 .
- Woodpeckers . An article on Animal World.
- Knipovich N.M. Woodpeckers // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.