Gauthier III ( FR. Gautier ; died in 1063 ) - Count of Amiens and Vexins since 1035, Count of Maine since 1062; the son of Count Amiens and Vexin Dreux and the Anglo-Saxon Princess Godgif , daughter of Ethelred the Unreasonable .
|Together with||Biota du Maine ( 1062 - 1063 )|
|Successor||Robert I Kurtgez|
|Spouse||Biota du Maine|
He was first mentioned in 1030 as a witness to the gift to the abbey of Jumieg, which his father made. In 1035, Gauthier III succeeded his father in the counties of Amiens and Vexen. He continued the policy of his ancestors, being a supporter of the kings of France and the dukes of Normandy , but the gap between France and Normandy in 1052 put him before the choice of the side. At first he maintained neutrality, but in 1057 switched to the side of King Henry I.
In 1062, Count of Maine Herbert II , nephew of Gauthier's wife, Biota , died. Before his death, he bequeathed the county to the Duke of Normandy William , but the Manx nobility did not agree with this decision and rebelled with the support of Count Anjou Geoffroy III , recognizing Gauthier and Biota as their rulers. Wilhelm began the conquest of the county and in 1063 captured Man (modern Le Mans ), captivating Gauthier and Biota. They were imprisoned in the castle of Falez, where they died the same year under unclear circumstances.
Gauthier’s death, on the one hand, helped William get rid of a rival in the county of Maine, where he imprisoned his son Robert , and on the other hand removed a possible candidate for the English throne.
The counties of Amiens and Vexin were inherited by Gaultier's cousin, Count Valois Raul IV , with the exception of Pontoise and Chaumont-en-Vexin , captured by the King of France.
Wife: Biota (died 1063), Countess du Maine since 1062, daughter of Count Maine Herbert I.
- France Balade (French)
- Foundation for medieval genealogy: comtes de Valois et du Vexin (English)
- d'Étienne Patou . Les Comtes du Maine (Fr.) , 2007