Hans Fritsche ( Fritzsche , German: Hans Fritzsche , April 21, 1900 , Bochum - September 27, 1953 , Cologne ) - German Nazi propagandist , radio host, high-ranking official of the Ministry of Education and Propaganda Joseph Goebbels .
|Date of Birth||April 21, 1900|
|Place of Birth||Bochum , Westphalia , |
|Date of death||September 27, 1953 (53 years old)|
|Place of death||Cologne |
North Rhine-Westphalia , Germany
Since the 1920s - a journalist of the Hugenberg concern and one of the pioneers of political broadcasting in Germany. Since September 1932 - the head of news broadcasting. May 1, 1933 joined the NSDAP , headed the radio department at the Ministry of Education and Propaganda, then received a promotion to the head of the news department of the ministry. In 1938-1942 he headed the domestic press department, but then Goebbels himself returned to him, and Frice again became responsible for the radio. He broadcast until the end of the war, supporting the fighting spirit of the soldiers and citizens of the Reich . He led the weekly broadcast “Hans Fritsche Says”.
During the fall of the Nazi regime, Frice was in Berlin and capitulated along with the last defenders of the city on May 2, 1945 , surrendering to the Red Army.
Fritsche at the Nuremberg Trials
He appeared before the Nuremberg trials , where, together with Julius Streicher (due to Goebbels death), he was held accountable for the spread of Nazi propaganda. Frice was seen as an unofficial candidate to “replace” Dr. Goebbels, who was absent from the trial, which may have affected the prosecution’s position.
Hans Frice in his testimony at the Nuremberg trials stated that he “organized a wide campaign of anti-Soviet propaganda, trying to convince the public that it was not Germany but the Soviet Union that was guilty of this war ... There was no reason to accuse the USSR of preparing a military attack on Germany, we didn’t have. ”
Unlike Streicher, sentenced to death, Friche was acquitted on all three charges: the court found it proved that he did not call for crimes against humanity, did not participate in war crimes and conspiracies to seize power.
Frice became one of the three acquitted in Nuremberg (with Hjalmar Schacht and Franz von Papen ). However, like them, he was soon convicted of other crimes by the denazification commission. After receiving 9 years in prison, Frice was released for health reasons in 1950 and died of cancer after three years.
- Max Bonacker, Goebbels' Mann beim Radio. Der NS-Propagandist Hans Fritzsche (1900-1953), Oldenbourg-Verlag, 2007 ISBN 3-486-58193-7 (Rezension von U. Rombeck-Jaschinski).
- Norbert Frei: Hitlers Eliten nach 1945, München, ISBN 3-423-34045-2 .
- Nuremberg trial of the main German war criminals. The collection of materials in seven volumes. T. V. M., 1960, p. 569.