Kuzminsky bridge is a single-track railway drawbridge across the Neva of a vertically lifting type. A double-track railway line runs from this bridge from St. Petersburg ( Ladoga Station ) to the Mountains .
|Kuzminsky railway bridge|
General view of the bridge
|Application area||railway (no pedestrian traffic)|
|Type of construction||metal farm|
|Main span||adjustable, vertically lifting|
|Construction height||15.2 meters|
|Start of construction||1940|
The border of the Kirovsky and Vsevolozhsky districts of the Leningrad region passes along the bridge.
The ferry was built in the summer of 1940 for a month and a half  and was named after the village of Kuzminka . The bridge became part of the Zanevsky Post - Mountains railway line. Since then, the Kuzminsky bridge has become the second (after Finland ) railway crossing over the Neva. In the fall of 1941, during the retreat of the Red Army, the bridge was blown up and partially blocked the Neva channel  .
The front line ran along the Neva River in this place from September 1941 to January 1944. Extremely fierce battles took place above the bridge piers during the blockade of Leningrad . After the war, the left bank of the Neva above the bridge was completely covered with the bones of fallen soldiers  . After the war, the bridge was rebuilt.
In the 2000s, the bridge was repaired:
- In 1999, Kaluga LLC conducted a study of the underwater parts of bridge supports  .
- In 2006 - 2008, CJSC Mashstroymost overhauled the drawbridge span  .
The bridge represents three spans; metal arched trusses were used to reinforce the extreme ones. The middle span is adjustable, it rises parallel to the water on the winches .
As of 2009, two country roads leading previously exclusively by the military lead to the bridge. In front of the bridge on each side there are existing checkpoints with barriers.
As in Finland , pedestrians and bicycles are forbidden from crossing the railway bridge since Soviet times, more precisely, such intersections are regulated and carried out according to special passes issued by the departmental guard of the Russian Railways - the bridge has no sidewalks; in addition, the object is considered strategic  .
The bridge is located at the Pavlovo-on-Neva railway station (the village of Pavlovo-on-Neva ) between the platform of the 26th kilometer and the Hero platform of the Dacha Dolgorukova line ( Ladoga station ) - Mountains .
The bridge is subject to wiring according to the schedule during navigation, navigation in a draw span is one-way. Navigation starts around April 20 and ends around November 20. For the pilotage of vessels , the dispatching post of the Ivanovskoye-3 wiring is responsible - the structure of the Volgo-Balt GBU  .
Kuzminsky railway bridge is the lowest of the bridges across the Neva by the height of the draw span. This is not a problem in a normal situation, but with a high level of water in the Neva River, the clearance of a divorced crossing is not enough for a fleet to pass, especially a large passenger one. In extreme situations, the bridge is disassembled to ensure the passage of water transport  .
In 1998, an accident occurred near the bridge: the Amur 2506 motor ship, owned by JSC Belomoro-Onego Shipping Company , ran aground. The ship was loaded with a consignment of export timber and headed down the river. Having crossed the bridge, the ship stepped off the fairway and ended up on an island island  .
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- We are faithful to this memory ... // Vodnik : Journal. - 2005. - Issue. 5 .
- The coast was kept on the bones // Guide to Karelia. Archived December 14, 2010.
- About the company . LLC "Kaluga". Official site. Date of treatment May 15, 2010. Archived March 10, 2012.
- When bridges are being built // Mashstroymost company website.
- regional railway bridge across the Neva is closed to pedestrians for safety // Karpovka.net , June 10, 2009.
- In connection with the production of diving operations , GBU Volgo-Balt. Date of appeal May 15, 2010.
- Morozova Alexander. Because of the flood in St. Petersburg, the bridge may be dismantled // Komsomolskaya Pravda : Newspaper. - M. , February 26, 2010.
- "Cupid" aground // Nevsky Vremya : Newspaper. - SPb. July 9, 1998. - Vol. 123 (1765) . (inaccessible link)