Submarines of the Collins type ( English Collins class submarine ) - a series of Australian diesel-electric submarines . Designed in 1987-1989 by the Swedish company Kockums, commissioned by the Australian Navy, to replace obsolete submarines of the Oberon type .
|Type of ship||multipurpose diesel-electric submarines|
|Codification of NATO||SSK Collins|
|Speed (surface)||10 knots|
|Speed (underwater)||20 knots|
|Working depth||300 m|
|Autonomy of swimming||21 300 km at 10 nodes|
740 km underwater
including 6 officers
|Surface displacement||3051 t|
|Underwater displacement||3353 t|
|The length is the greatest|
(on design basis)
|The width of the body naib.||7.8 m|
(on design basis)
3 diesel engines Hedemora / Garden Island Type V18B / 14, 6020 hp,
2 generators Jeumont Schneider , 4.2 MW,
Jeumont Schneider electric motor , 7344 hp,
1 propeller shaft
MacTaggart Scott hydraulic motor DM43006
|6 bow 533 mm TA ,|
22 torpedoes or missiles, torpedoes Mark 48 Mod 4 ,
up to 44 min instead of torpedoes
|Missile weapons||RCC " Sub-Harpoon "|
Boats of the Collins type are the largest non-nuclear submarines in service  .
Construction and modernization
In total, from 1990 to 2003, six submarines of this type were built at the state shipyard in Adelaide , partly from sections of the hull made in Sweden. They entered service with the Australian Navy from 1996 to 2003, all detected problems were fixed as soon as possible.
Since 2009, at the production facilities of the Australian shipbuilding company ASC, the Collins-type submarines of the Australian Navy began to go through a repair and modernization program, the main purpose of which is to replace the combat control system and establish reliable operation of the Harpoon anti-ship missile launcher system. In 2016-2017, new sonars were installed on them. The main power plant has also been upgraded. In particular, the diesel engine start - up system has been redone, and they have been substantially modified, which eliminated their strong vibration. Improved electric engine . Generators replaced. This allowed us to eliminate the problems that the crews faced almost from the moment they entered the fleet    .
The first modernization was the submarines Collins and Rankin.
|Bookmark Date||Launching||Commissioning||Status for 2013|
|Number 73||February 14, 1990||August 28, 1993||July 27, 1996||In the ranks|
|Number 74||March 1, 1991||December 15, 1995||January 31, 1998||In the ranks|
|Number 75||March 19, 1992||March 14, 1997||July 10, 1999||In the ranks|
|Number 76||March 4, 1993||March 12, 1998||February 23, 2001||In the ranks|
|Number 77||February 17, 1994||May 1, 1999||February 23, 2001||In the ranks|
|Number 78||May 12, 1995||November 7, 2001||March 29, 2003||In the ranks|
In 2008, several submarines remained on combat duty. The reason for this was that the command of the Australian Navy was unable to form full-fledged crews of ships ─ sailors trained in the management of Collins, even in the years of their adoption, began to resign, and the training of new personnel was not carried out.
For 2013, Collins-type submarines are the only type of submarine in service with the Australian Navy. According to the current plans of the Ministry of Defense of Australia, a submarine of the Collins type, they will remain in service until at least 2025. And they will be used not only for naval patrols, but also for training crews for promising new generation submarines  , and in accordance with the plan to re-equip the armed forces to replace the Collins, 12 new type submarines will be built in Australian shipyards  .
- Australia corrected the long-standing problems of Collins type submarines. Lenta.ru. 07/19/2013
- Australia will create new submarines for 30 years. Lenta.ru. 12/15/2011
- Navy's new lethal subs - The Australian (unavailable link) . Date of treatment March 12, 2008. Archived December 30, 2007.
- bbc.co.uk // Australia announces army re-equipment plan
- S. Saunders. Jane's Fighting Ships 2004-2005 - Jane's Information Group Limited, 2005. ISBN 0-7106-2623-1