Grenada Islands ( Eng. Grenada ) is the extreme southern link in the chain of the Windward Antilles . The island belongs to the state of Grenada .
|Island of grenada|
Map of Grenada
|Highest point||840 m|
|Population||96 551 people (2001)|
|Population density||311.45 people / km²|
|Water area||The Caribbean|
An island of volcanic origin. In geological terms, it is a volcanic arch with an area of 310 km², formed in the Miocene and Pliocene. Along its elongated axis are two ancient calderas with lakes inside, a large number of small craters, lava domes, and hot springs. The largest cone is the volcano Santa Catarina (height - 840 m), located in the north of the island arch.
Grenada is located in a humid tropical marine climate. The annual temperature amplitude does not exceed 2-3 degrees. About 2500 mm of precipitation falls annually. Maximum rainfall in May-November.
In the past, the area of the island was covered with dense evergreen rainforests. Currently, forest areas are occupied by sugarcane, banana, pineapple, citrus and nutmeg plantations.
- Aprodov V.A. Volcanoes. - M.: Thought, 1982. - S. 185.
- Isachenko A.G., Shlyapnikov A.A. Landscapes. - M .: Thought, 1987. - S. 399. - ISBN 5-244-00177-9 .