Saint-Gotthard  ( German: Gotthardpass , Italian: Passo del San Gottardo , fr. Col du Saint-Gothard ) - the most important mountain pass of the Swiss Alps , is assigned to the Lepontine Alps , stretches from west-south-west to east-north-north -tail along the border of the cantons of Valais , Uri , Graubunden and Ticino ; its length is 32-48 km, width 10-12 km, an area of about 440 square meters. km, height 2108 m; its southern slope is steep, the northern one is a sloping slope.
|Saddle Height||2018 m|
The wide cut of the Gotthard Pass divides it into two parts: the western - higher and richer in glaciers , the eastern - more wild and rocky. In the first, more important peaks are Pizzo Rotondo (3197 m), Piz Lutsendro (2959 m), Fibbia (2742 m) and Mutgorn (3103 m). Of the glaciers, the most important: Wittenwasser, Mutten and Heerensky. Of the peaks of the eastern part, the most important are: Monte Proza (2738 m), often visited by Pizzo Centrale (3003 m) and Badus (2931 m).
The most significant watershed of Switzerland, Saint Gotthard, with its many glaciers and lakes, feeds many rivers:
- its northern and eastern slopes send their waters to the Royce and the Front Rhine ,
- the southern slope is the Ticino river,
- western - to the river Rhone .
Gotthard Lakes are small and for the most part surrounded by sheer cliffs; often they are just peat bogs. Of the lakes, the lakes of Val Piora are especially famous for their beauty, of which the largest is Lago Ritom (1829 m).
It was through the St. Gotthard Pass that the Russian commander Alexander Suvorov made his famous passage across the Alps , while the Russian troops took the Devil's Bridge with battle  .
- Saint Gotthard Tunnel
- Saint-Gotthard Car Tunnel
- Gotthard Base Tunnel
- Geographic Encyclopedic Dictionary: Geographic Names / Ed. A.F. Treshnikov . - 2nd ed., Ext. - M .: Soviet Encyclopedia , 1989. - S. 429. - 210 000 copies. - ISBN 5-85270-057-6 .
- Dragunov G.P. Damn bridge. In the footsteps of Suvorov in Switzerland. - M .: Thought, 1995.- S. 90. - 238 p. - ISBN 5-244-00639-8 .
- Gotthard, mountain node of the Swiss Alps // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.