Ed IV ( French Eudes IV de Bourgogne , c. 1295 - April 3, 1350 , Sans ) - Duke of Burgundy and titular king of Thessaloniki from May 1315 , the Palatinate of Burgundy and Count of Artois in 1330 - 1347 . The second son of the Duke of Burgundy, Robert II of Capetting (1245/1248 - 1306), and Agnes of France (1260–1345), daughter of the French King Louis IX of Saint .
|Ed IV Burgundy|
|fr. Eudes IV de Bourgogne|
Coat of arms of Ed IV of Burgundy
|Successor||Philip I of Ruvres|
|Successor||Philip I of Ruvres|
|Successor||Philip I of Ruvres|
|Death||April 3, 1350 |
|Spouse||Jeanne of Burgundy|
|Children||6 sons, including Philippe and Jean|
In May 1315, he inherited his eldest childless brother, Hugo V (1306–1315). He was the brother of the princesses Margarita of Burgundy and Jeanne Chroma , married to the future French kings Louis X and Philip VI .
In August 1316, after the death of his younger brother Louis, prince of Achaea and the titular king of Thessaloniki (1297–1316), who had no children, Ed Burgundy inherited the title of king of Thessalonica. In 1320, Ed Burgundy sold his rights to the titles of King Thessaloniki and Prince Achaea to Louis de Bourbon, Count of Clermons .
In 1315 , after the death of Margarita (possibly killed by order of her husband Louis X) in prison, Burgundy took a hostile position towards France. The reconciliation took place under King Philip V Long and was sealed by the marriage of Ed IV with the eldest daughter of Philip V, Jeanne II in 1318.
In 1330, after the death of her mother, Jeanne of France , wife of Ed of Burgundy, inherited the county of Artois and the Palatinate of Burgundy ( Franche-Comté ). Robert III d'Artois, Count of Beaumont-le-Roger also claimed the title of Count of Artois. He was a close friend and adviser to the King of France, Philip VI of Valois. But the dispute over the county of Artois suddenly ended when, in December 1330, the documents of Robert d'Artois, on the basis of which he claimed the county, were forged.
Ed IV played an important role in the events of 1330–1332, when during the lawsuit for the county of Artois it was assigned to his wife, and the legitimate heir , Count Robert , was expelled from France.
Ed IV was not distinguished by outstanding abilities in managing his possessions, but he was always surrounded by talented advisers - his wife, mother, Chancellor Guillaume de Mello and others.
War with England
Ed Burgundy was a faithful vassal of the new king of France, Philip VI of Valois (1328–1350). He belonged to a small circle of trusted advisers to the French monarch. Ed Burgundy participated in many military operations at the beginning of the Hundred Years War between France and England : in Holland, Brittany and Aquitaine. As early as 1328, the Duke of Burgundy participated in the battle with the Flemings at Kassel , where he was wounded.
In 1340, Ed Burgundy fought in the county of Hainaut, helped take the city of Antoine, then defended Saint-Omer in the battle against Robert III of Artois. During the summer, the French command received information about the plans of the Anglo-Flemish army under the command of Robert Artois for an attack on the city of Saint-Omer . Ed Burgundy arrived in St. Omer on July 15 and began preparations to repel a possible attack by the British and their allies. Because of the slowness of the British, Count Jean I d'Armagnac arrived in the city with reinforcements. July 26, Robert Artois joined the battle with the French at Saint-Omer. Having repelled the first attack on the city, the Duke of Burgundy and Count Armagnac made a sortie. Ed Burgundy, who fought on the right flank, was defeated and barely escaped beyond the walls of the fortress. At the same time, Jean I d'Armagnac won on the left flank and forced the enemy to retreat from Saint-Omer to Flanders.
Ed Burgundy took part in the War of Breton Succession as an adherent of the Earl of Charles Blois , acted as adviser to John Valois, Duke of Normandy , during his campaign in Brittany in the fall of 1341.
In the summer of 1344, the Duke of Burgundy participated in a peace conference with the British in Avignon . In 1346, Ed Burgundy participated in military operations of the French army in Guyenne. In the spring of the same year, the French government concentrated a large army in the southeast. The Duke of Burgundy, along with other noble French nobles and nobles, accompanied the Dauphin John Valois, Duke of Normandy, during his expedition to Aquitaine. The French besieged Egillon , where they remained until August, when John of Normandy was urgently recalled north to help his father in the fight against the English king Edward III, who landed with the army in Normandy. The French company of 1346 in Guyenne ended in vain.
In September of the same 1346, King of England Edward III Plantagenet besieged the port city of Calais . When the county of Artois became the main theater of war, relations between the Duke of Burgundy and the French king Philip VI were sharply complicated. The duke owned the county of Artois on behalf of his wife, but the royal authorities began to more and more ignore local officials and even make their own appointments. In December 1346, Philip VI Valois expelled the Duke Ed of Burgundy from his advisers.
Duke Ed of Burgundy attended the intronization of Pope Clement VI at Avignon on May 19, 1342 .
The duke Ed was destined to outlive all his sons, and his possessions were inherited by the only grandson, Philip I of Ruvre . Ed died April 3, 1350 in Sens .
Family and Children
On June 18, 1318, in Ducogne-sur-Cenis, the Duke Ed of Burgundy married Princess Joan of France (1308–1347), the eldest daughter of French King Philip V the Long and Countess Jeanne I d'Artois . The couple had six sons, most of whom died in childhood.
- stillborn son (b. 1322)
- Philippe Monsignor (1323–1346), Count of Auvergne
- Jean (1325-1327 / 1328)
- son (born 1327 and died in childhood)
- son (born 1330 and died in childhood)
- son (born 1335 and died in childhood)
- Edd IV // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Anne-Lise Courtel, "La chancellerie et les actes d'Eudes IV, duc de Bourgogne (1315-1349)" , Bibliothèque de l'école des chartes , 135 , 1 (1977): 23-71.
- Anne-Lise Courtel, "La chancellerie et les actes d'Eudes IV, duc de Bourgogne (1315-1349) (second article)" , Bibliothèque de l'école des chartes , 135 , 1 (1977): 255-311.