Werner Schroeter ( German: Werner Schroeter , April 7, 1945 , Georgenthal - April 12, 2010 , Kassel ) - German theater and film director , screenwriter , cameraman .
|Date of Birth||April 7, 1945|
|Place of Birth||Georgenthal , Germany|
|Date of death||April 12, 2010 (65 years old)|
|Place of death||Kassel , Germany|
|Career||1967 - 2008|
|Direction||New German movie|
|Awards||The Golden Bear ( 1980 ), Special Lion ( 2008 )|
Werner Schröter spent his childhood in Bielefeld and Heidelberg , where he graduated from high school. In Mannheim he studied psychology for three semesters. He entered the Higher School of Film and Television in Munich , but after a few weeks dropped out of school. At the end of 1967 he went to the experimental film festival in Knokke-le-Zout ( Belgium ). There he met Rosa von Praunheim , with whom he then lived and worked together. In 1968 , he shot a series of 8 mm sketches in Heidelberg (with his parents) and in West Berlin (near Praunheim ), and then two 16 mm films - Neurasia and Argila, which were very successful were shown at the Hamburg Film Festival. In October 1969 , at the Mannheim Film Festival, he received the Joseph von Sternberg Prize for the film Eika Katappa. Myth, history, poetry formed the basis of Schreeter's early films, deprived of action and built as a series of stage climaxes in which despair, madness, farewell and death were expressed. They were distinguished by "industrial and technical poverty" and "industrial and aesthetic wealth." Schroeter's permanent acting troupe included (then still amateurs) Magdalena Montezuma , Karla Aulaulu , Ellen Umlauf and Christina Kaufman . Many films were shot while traveling abroad and were funded by television, most notably ZDF . Starting with Neapolitan Brothers and Sisters (Neapolitanische Geschwister, 1978 ), his films, in which the plot began to appear more clearly, were shown with relative success in German cinemas. However, Fassbinder’s hope that in Schreeter's films one day they can see not only exotic, but also an integral part of German film heritage, did not materialize. Schröter achieved the greatest recognition in France . All of his films were influenced by the opera. About Maria Callas Schröter once said: “She is my guiding star ...” In another interview, he said: “For me, Callas was a messenger between God and man.” Sometimes Schroeter starred in films of other directors, such as Praunheim , Wenders , Fassbinder , Ahternbusch .
Since 1972 he also acted as a theater director, and since 1979 he staged operas. In 2008 , at the International Film Festival in Venice, the already terminally ill Schröter received the Golden Lion for his contribution to the cinema.
Werner Schröter did not have a permanent residence. He died on April 12, 2010 in Kassel from lung cancer.
- 1967 Verona
- 1969 Callas Walking Lucia
- 1968 Callas Text in Double Exposure / Callas-Text mit Doppelbeleuchtung
- 1968 Portrait of Maria Callas / Maria Callas Porträt
- 1968 Mona Lisa
- 1968 Maria Callas performs in 1957 the recitative and aria of Elvira from the opera Ernani by Giuseppe Verdi 1844 / Maria Callas Singt 1957 Rezitativ und Arie der Elvira aus Ernani 1844 von Guiseppe Verdi
- 1968 Trial with performers / Übungen mit Darstellern
- 1968 The Death of Isolde / La morte d'Isotta
- 1968 To Heaven / Himmelhoch
- 1968 Paula. I'm coming / Paula. 'Je reviens'
- 1968 Grotesque - burlesque - tinsel / Grotesk — Burlesk — Pittoresk
- 1968 Faces
- 1968 Aggression
- 1968 Neurasia
- 1968 Virginia's Death
- 1968 Argila
- 1969 Eika Katappa / Joseph von Sternberg Prize)
- 1969 Nicaragua
- 1969 Sisters of the Revolution / Schwestern der Revolution
- 1970 England
- 1970 Bomber Pilot / Der Bomberpilot
- 1971 Salome
- 1971 Macbeth / Macbeth (according to Shakespeare )
- 1971 Death of Maria Malibran / Der Tod der Maria Malibran
- 1973 Willow Springs
- 1973-1974 Black Angel / Der Schwarze Engel
- 1971-1975 Johannas Traum's Dream
- 1976 Gold Flakes / Goldflocken
- 1978 Neapolitan Brothers and Sisters / Neapolitanische Geschwister (award for outstanding personal achievement, award at the Baden-Baden Television Film Festival)
- 1980 The White Journey / Weiße Reise
- 1980 Palermo or Wolfsburg / Palermo oder Wolfsburg ( Golden Bear of the Berlin Film Festival , Max Ophuls Award )
- 1980 Dress Rehearsal / Die Generalprobe
- 1981 Tag der Idioten (German Film Award for Outstanding Personal Achievement, Golden Palm Branch Nomination)
- 1981 Cathedral of Love / Liebeskonzil (based on the drama by O. Panitzi , critics award at the festival in Sao Paulo )
- 1983 Laughing Star / Der lachende Stern
- 1983-1985 For example, Argentina / De l'Argentine
- 1984-1986 King of roses / Der Rosenkönig
- 1986-1987 In Search of the Sun / Auf der Suche nach der Sonne
- 1990 Raspberry / Malina (based on the novel by I. Bachmann , screenplay by E. Jelinek , German Film Academy Award for outstanding personal achievement)
- 1996 Waste of Love / Poussières d'amour - Abfallprodukte der Liebe (German Film Critics Award)
- 2000 Queen - Marianne Hoppe / Die Königin - Marianne Hoppe ( Duisburg Film Festival Award)
- 2002 Two / Deux
- 2008 Dog's Night / Une nuit de chien (by H.K. Onetti , nomination for the Golden Lion of the Venice IFF )
Recognition and Rewards
Criticism is regarded as "the greatest of the marginal directors." Winner of numerous awards at prestigious festivals in the world.
- 1978 - Prize at the Baden-Baden Television Film Festival for outstanding personal achievement (Neapolitan Brothers and Sisters film)
- 1980 - The main prize of the Berlin Golden Film Festival for the film Palermo or Wolfsburg
- Jansen Peter W., Schütte Wolfram (Hrsg.). Werner Schroeter. München: Carl Hanser Verlag, 1980.
- Peter Berling (Hrsg.), Oskar Panizza und Werner Schroeter. Liebeskonzil-Filmbuch. München: Schirmer-Mosel, 1982.
- Gérard Courant (ed.). Werner Schroeter. Paris: Goethe Institut / La Cinémathèque Française, Paris 1982.
- Dhein S. Werner Schroeter. Frankfurt / Main: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, 1991.
- Schütte W. Werner Schroeter. München: Goethe-Institut, 1991.
- Langford M. Allegorical images: tableau, time and gesture in the cinema of Werner Schroeter. Bristol; Portland: Intellect, 2006.
- Werner Schroeter at the Internet Movie Database
- Werner Schroeter: Avant-Garde Cinema and (or) Kitsch
- Conversation of Michel Foucault and Werner Schröter
- Senses of Cinema