Ferruccio Parri ( Italian: Ferruccio Parri , January 19, 1890 , Pinerolo , Italy - December 8, 1981 , Rome ) - Chairman of the Italian Council of Ministers and Minister of the Interior from June 21 to December 8, 1945 .
|Monarch||Victor Emmanuel III|
|Successor||Alcide de Gasperi|
|Birth||January 19, 1890 |
|Death||December 8, 1981 ( 91)|
Born in Piedmont on January 19, 1890 .
In 1914 - 1918 he served in the army. After the establishment of fascism , he actively opposed the Mussolini regime, was a member of the anti-fascist organization Carlo Rosselli “Justice and Freedom”. In 1943 - 1945 he led the partisan movement against the Mussolinian republic of Salo in Northern Italy, and was also chairman of the Committee for National Liberation .
After the end of the war and the resignation of Ivano Bonomi as Prime Minister, Parry formed a government with the participation of his Party of Action , as well as Christian Democrats, Communists, Socialists and the Liberal Party. After the latter left the government coalition, he was forced to resign.
He was one of the founders of the Republican Party , then the People's Union. In 1958, Parry proposed the creation of a parliamentary commission to combat the Sicilian Mafia , but this proposal was rejected by the Parliament, and in 1961 by the Senate. However, in 1962, the commission was still formed, and Parry became a member of it.
In 1963, Italian President Giuseppe Zaragat appointed Parry a life senator. In the Senate, Parry joined the Independent Left Group and was its chairman for many years.
He died on December 8, 1981 . He was buried in Genoa at the Stallieno cemetery.
Awards and titles
Italian state awards:
- three silver medal "For military valor"
- 4 commemorative medals for the Italo-Austrian wars 1915-1918
- Commemorative medal of the unification of Italy
- Medal in honor of the victory in the great war of civilizations
- Bronze star