Infarction ( lat. Infarcire “fill, stuff”) - necrosis ( necrosis ) of the body due to acute lack of blood supply  . Causes of a heart attack: thrombosis , embolism , prolonged spasm of the arteries and functional overstrain of the organ in hypoxia with insufficiency of collateral circulation  .
The term is applicable to all metabolite-active organs, but the most commonly used are:
- Myocardial infarction
- Cerebral infarction ( ischemic stroke )
- Limb muscle infarction
- Kidney infarction
- Spleen infarction
- Heart attack - an article from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia .