Old Kupavna is a city (until 2004, an urban-type settlement) in the Bogorodsky urban district of the Moscow region of Russia.
|Subject of the federation||Moscow region|
|History and geography|
|First mention||1348 and 1353 years|
|Square||10.62  km²|
|Center height||140 ... 145 m|
|Timezone||UTC + 3|
|Population||0 22,099  people ( 2018 )|
|Density||2080.89 people / km²|
|Telephone code||+7 49651|
Population - 22,099  people. (2018). The population of urban settlements - 33,127  people. (2018).
The city is located on the left bank of the Kupavinka River (the Klyazma River basin), 15 km from Noginsk , 22 km from Moscow (MKAD) and 36 km from the center. To the south of the city is a relict lake Biserovo .
For the first time, Kupavna is mentioned in the most ancient of the Moscow Grand-Duchy agreements - in the “pre-final” letter of the sons of Ivan Kalita: Grand Duke Simeon Proud with Princes Ivan and Andrey. In it, in the number of villages departing by agreement between the brothers to the Grand Duke Simeon, the new village on Kupavna is also named. This document dates from approximately spring-summer 1348.
For the second time, the village is already mentioned in the will of Grand Duke Simeon Ivanovich. This “new” village, according to the deathbed will of the ruler, should have been sent to his wife, among many other villages. According to the latest research data, this document can be accurately dated April 24-25, 1353 - the day of the death of the prince during the epidemic of "black death" that came from Europe, or the plague that mowed entire villages. This day is considered the date of foundation of Kupavna.
The archives of the city also contain the reference to “The Witch's Corner” —this was the name of this village in the 17th century. In 1745, the Kupavensky factory became the largest silk establishment in Russia. The organization of silk production in Kupavna was the beginning of the industrial development of the village. In 1797, St. Petersburg merchant and Moscow manufacturer Avgust Karlovich Pretr founded a chemical plant. Thus, the chemical industry of the Old Kupavna began to actively develop.
Also one of the first watch factories in Russia appeared precisely in Kupavna. It produced 185 kinds of watches per year, sent several hours for His Imperial Majesty.
A textile factory has been operating in Kupavna since the 18th century . During the Patriotic War of 1812, the village was in the hands of French troops under the command of Marshal Ney for 18 days  .
During the years of the Great Patriotic War, the Kupavinsk textile factory developed for the Soviet Army an overcoat, linear and technical cloth, fabrics for trousers, tunics and hats. Pharmaceutical production in October 1941 was evacuated to the city of Irbit. During the war years, the Akrikhin plant itself produced an incendiary CS liquid, known as the Molotov cocktail and used to ignite tanks, as well as drugs, including white and red streptocide. The concrete products plant was launched.
From January 1, 2006 to June 5, 2018, was the center of the urban settlement of Old Kupavna of the Noginsk municipal district . Since January 1, 2019, it has been the center of the newly formed Starkupavinskaya territory of the Bogorodsky urban district, created by combining the former urban settlement of Staraya Kupavna and the rural settlement of Akseno-Butyrskoe.
|1646 ||1678 ||1704 ||1852 ||1859 ||1869 ||1926 ||1931 |
|65||↗ 105||↗ 175||↗ 2080||↗ 2479||↗ 2851||↗ 4071||↗ 4600|
|1939 ||1959 ||1970 ||1979 ||1989 ||2000 ||2001 ||2002 |
|↗ 14,688||↗ 17,906||220 22,220||↗ 24,337||↗ 25,052||↘ 22,700||↘ 22,500||↘ 21,433|
|2006 ||2007 ||2008 ||2009 ||2010 ||2012 ||2013 ||2014 |
|↘ 21,248||↘ 21,200||→ 21 200||↗ 21,250||↗ 21,811||↗ 21,912||↗ 21 954||↗ 22,027|
|2015 ||2016 ||2017 ||2018 |
|↘ 21,937||856 21 856||↗ 21,973||↗ 22,099|
As of January 1, 2018, in terms of population, the city was located at 625 out of 1,113  cities of the Russian Federation  .
- The city has a culture center "Akrikhin", built in 1981 by the eponymous chemical and pharmaceutical plant, founded in 1936 .
- From April 1998 to December 2017, the weekly newspaper “Old Kupavna” was published; Since the end of 2005, an abridged version of the newspaper has also been published as a tab for the newspaper Volkhonka (as well as similar versions of the newspapers of several other municipalities) with a circulation of no more than 1000 copies. The closure of the municipal newspaper is connected with its actual ousting by the other municipal pro-newspaper newspaper Kupavinskiye Vesti.
- Since July 2004, the newspaper "Alternative newspaper". In the period 2004–2006, the circulation of the Alternative Gazette rose to 10,300 copies. In 2005, Anatoly Pleshan, the editor-in-chief of the Alternative newspaper, won the presidential elections in Staraya Kupavna.
- In the center of culture "Akrikhin" there is a city museum (until 2015 - the Museum of Labor Glory of the plant "Akrihin"). Free admission.
- September 8, 2008 was registered and since May 2009 the newspaper “Young Kupavna” has been published for a short time.
- On September 7, 2008, the Old Kupavna video channel was opened.
- On August 13, 2009, the editorial board of the online publication Staraya Kupavna and the Foundation Continuum Est - New Technologies in Information Service opened a virtual photo club of amateur and professional Flashback (Frame).
Science and Education
The city has the All-Russian Scientific Center for the Safety of Biologically Active Substances.
In 2013, there are four secondary schools, a boarding school, a lyceum, a music school, an orphanage, and the Iris dance school; At the Holy Trinity Church there is a Sunday school. College "Energy".
On the territory of the industrial zone of the city there are more than 30 organizations, the largest of which are:
- Rogneda Research and Production Enterprise LLC - production of paint and varnish products;
- JSC Akrikhin Chemical and Pharmaceutical Plant - production of drugs;
- JSC "Base number 1 Chemicals" - the production of chemical products;
- CJSC Kupavna Textile Firm - production of woolen fabrics;
- OJSC "Bonolit-Building Solutions" - production of blocks from cellular aerated concrete .;
- OJSC "Moskhim" - providing a range of services for the storage and processing of goods;
- Lacra Sintez OJSC - manufacture of paint and varnish products;
- CJSC "Kupavinsky Experimental Mechanical Plant" - production of mechanical products;
- JSC "Biserovsky Fish Factory" - growing carp, trout, processing of fish products, the organization of paid fishing;
- LLC "Production company" Techno-TT "" - the production of technological and neutral kitchen equipment restaurants for bars and other catering;
- LLC SoyuzChimReactive - production of chemical products;
- OJSC “Plant“ Himreaktivkomplekt "" - the production of medicines, chemical reagents, sets of various organic substances for educational institutions;
- LLC "Logistics Center" Kupavna "" - providing a range of services for the storage and processing of goods;
- CJSC Kupavnareaktiv - sale of chemical products;
- LLC “Production and Commercial Firm“ Galreahim ”” - production of a galvanic cell;
- OJSC “All-Region Association" Izotop "" - production of isotope products;
- LLC InoksMarket - production of metal from stainless steel;
- LLC "Akos Tex" - the production of hosiery;
- LLC Chemical Industry-Invest - production of paint and varnish products.
Communication with Moscow bus and rail. The Kupavna railway station on the Moscow-Nizhny Novgorod line is located 8 kilometers from the city in the district of the same name in the city of Balashikha and in the district of Vishnyakovsky Villas of the city of Elektrougli . The electric train from the station Kupavna to the Serp and Molot platform (with the transition to the metro stations Rimskaya and Ploshchad Ilyicha in Moscow) will be 40 minutes, to the platform Novogireevo (exit at the metro Novogireevo ) - 30 minutes, to Reutovo station (exit on the metro station "Novokosino" ) - 25 minutes. Monino railway station is located 5 kilometers from the city, in the village of Monino. The time of the electric train from Monino station to Yaroslavsky railway station will be 1 h. 15 min. In addition to the usual, from the Monino station to the Yaroslavsky railway station, also run high-speed electric trains of the type “REKS”
The bus number 444 from Staraya Kupavna to the station "Partizanskaya" is 1 hour, but can vary from 40 minutes to three hours depending on traffic jams and the number of stops.
Bus service to Noginsk (No. 43,322), Monino (No. 33) and Kupavna Station (No. 37)  . There is also an intracity route No. 38.
Russian Orthodox Church
Old Kupavna is known for its Holy Trinity Church (construction completed in 1751 ), the first information about the Church of the Life-Giving Trinity in its place dates back to the 17th century . Today, the church operates (in 1937-1990 it was closed for worship, was used as a grocery store, a working dining room, a disco). Over the past 10 years, renovation work has been going on at the Holy Trinity Church, and the services continue. At present, thanks to the parishioners, the temple has been almost restored.
Earlier, along the main street - Bolshaya and Malaya Moskovsky streets - the Vladimirskiy tract passed. Now, this road in the west begins from the village. Green from Staropavavinsky cemetery, passes through the city, cutting it into 2 parts: industrial with working quarters and the private sector. Further, in the East, it turns into a path towards the village of Obukhovo and further to the city of Vladimir .
- Territorial planning scheme of the Noginsk district. Volume 2 h. 1 Complex analysis and urban planning assessment of the territory. Section 3.5. Land use structure (archive size 416 MB)
- The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2018 . The appeal date was July 25, 2018. Archived July 26, 2018.
- History of Old Kupavna
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- All-Union census of 1939. The urban population of the USSR in urban settlements and inner-city areas . Circulation date November 30, 2013. Archived November 30, 2013.
- All-Union census of 1959. The urban population of the RSFSR, its territorial units, urban settlements and urban areas by sex . Demoscope Weekly. The date of circulation is September 25, 2013. Archived April 28, 2013.
- 1970 All-Union Population Census The urban population of the RSFSR, its territorial units, urban settlements and urban areas by sex. Demoscope Weekly. The date of circulation is September 25, 2013. Archived April 28, 2013.
- 1979 All-Union Population Census. The urban population of the RSFSR, its territorial units, urban settlements and urban areas by sex. Demoscope Weekly. The date of circulation is September 25, 2013. Archived April 28, 2013.
- All-Union Population Census 1989. Urban population . Archived August 22, 2011.
- All-Russian census of 2002. Tom. 1, table 4. The population of Russia, federal districts, constituent entities of the Russian Federation, districts, urban settlements, rural settlements — regional centers and rural settlements with a population of 3,000 or more . Archived on February 3, 2012.
- Alphabetical list of settlements in municipal districts of the Moscow region as of January 1, 2006 (RTF + ZIP). The development of local government in the Moscow region. The date of circulation is February 4, 2013. Archived January 11, 2012.
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- Population census 2010. Population of Russia, federal districts, constituent entities of the Russian Federation, urban districts, municipal districts, urban and rural settlements . Federal State Statistics Service. The appeal date is July 26, 2013. Archived April 28, 2013.
- Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities. Table 35. Estimated number of resident population on January 1, 2012 . The date of circulation is May 31, 2014. Archived May 31, 2014.
- Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2013. - M .: Federal State Statistics Service Rosstat, 2013. - 528 p. (Table 33. Population of urban districts, municipal districts, urban and rural settlements, urban settlements, rural settlements) . The appeal date is November 16, 2013. Archived November 16, 2013.
- Table 33. The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2014 . Circulation date August 2, 2014. Archived August 2, 2014.
- Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2015 . Circulation date August 6, 2015. Archived August 6, 2015.
- Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2016
- Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2017 (July 31, 2017). The date of circulation is July 31, 2017. Archived July 31, 2017.
- taking into account the cities of Crimea
- Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2018. Table “21. Population of cities and towns in federal districts and subjects of the Russian Federation as of January 1, 2018 ” (RAR-archive (1.0 Mb)). Federal State Statistics Service .
- Bus timetable
- Notes serf worker Peter Krotov about Kupavinskoy manufactory Materials on the history of factories and plants / Preface. A. Pankratova, “A page from the history of a serf factory”; Comments "Historical information about the Kupavinskaya factory" V. Bukhina. // Literary heritage / RAPP and LIA of the Communication Academy; Area the work of I. F. Rerberg. - M .: Zhur.-gaz. association, 1931. - 324 p., il. - p. 121-156.
- Seleznev I. Local Lore Notes on the Village Mikhalevo . Bogorodsk-Noginsk. Bogorodskoy local history. The appeal date is April 8, 2019.