Astorga ( Spanish: Astorga , Astur. Estorga ) is a city and municipality in Spain , on the left bank of the Tuerta River. Included in the province of Leon and is the center of the region of Maragateria , which is inhabited by the people of maragato , ethnically different from the Spaniards and having allegedly Germanic roots.
|Autonomous community||Castile and Leon|
|The mayor||Juan Jose Alonso Perandones |
( ISRP )
|History and Geography|
|Timezone||UTC + 1 , in summer UTC + 2|
|Population||12,015 people ( 2010 )|
|Katoykonim||astorgano / na 1|
|Telephone code||+34 987|
The municipality is part of the district (mosquito) Maragateria. Covers an area of 46.78 km². The population is 12,015 people (as of 2010 ). The distance to the provincial capital is 45 km.
The city owes its name to the Roman colony Asturica Augusta . In Pliny she is called the "magnificent city" ( urbs magnifica ). Numerous archaeological finds are exhibited at the local museum. In late antiquity, it was the largest center of Christianity in western Spain. The bishop's chair in Astorg is one of the three oldest on the peninsula.
Under the rule of the Arabs, the city fell into disrepair, but was revived under Ordogno I. In the Middle Ages - an important transit point on the way of St. Jacob . The title of Marquis de Astorga since 1465 belongs to the aristocratic family of Osorio .
Astorga is mentioned in the annals of the Napoleonic Wars . April 22, 1810, after a prolonged siege, during which the inhabitants were almost the only defenders of the city, he was taken by the French under the leadership of Junot  .
- The ancient Roman walls of the 3rd — 4th centuries are a monument of national importance.
- Cathedral (1471-1772, late Gothic).
- Baroque Town Hall (1683-1748).
- Episcopal Castle and Palace (1889-1913, architect Antonio Gaudi ).
Roman walls of Astorga
Roman mosaic floor
Facade of the cathedral
- Astorga // Military Encyclopedia : [in 18 vol.] / Ed. V.F. Novitsky [et al.]. - SPb. ; [ M. ]: t-va I. D. Sytin , 1911-1915.
- Astorga, city // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Official page