Mari Awanshsky ( lat. Marius Aventicensis, fr. Saint Maire d'Avenches ; 532 - December 31, 596  ) - a saint revered by the Roman Catholic Church , Bishop Avanches from 573/574 , chronicler, whose chronicle , although very brief, very accurate in facts and chronology .
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Almost all the facts of the biography of Maria Avenshsky known to us are contained in his rhymed epitaph, placed in his cathedral church of Saint Firs in Lausanne .
According to this source , Marius came from a rich Gallo-Roman family . In 573 or 574, he was ordained a bishop of Avansha ( Latin Aventicum ; in modern Switzerland ), bringing his family estate to the diocese - the villa Marcennai (ca. Dijon ), which became the basis of the well-being of his pulpit. In 585, Bishop Marius participated in the Second Macons Council . On June 24, 587, he consecrated the Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary ( Notr-Dame a'Payerne ) built at his expense in Peyerne. Soon after, the center of his diocese, due to the decline of Avanches, was moved to Lausanne (for some time the bishops of the diocese bore the title "Bishop of Avanches and Lausanne").
In the epitaph, Mari Avanshsky is presented as the perfect bishop: he makes precious vessels for his church with his own hands, he is a protector and benefactor of the poor, a preacher and a scholar.
After the death of Mary in Lausanne, he was revered as a saint (the day of his memory was celebrated on February 9 or 12), and the church of St. Firs soon became known as the Church of St. Mary. The modern Catholic Church commemorates the memory of Mary of Avansha on December 31.
In Lausanne, in the castle, named after the saint , is the residence of the government of the canton of Vaud .
The Chronicle of Mary of Avansha is a continuation of the chronicle of Prosper Aquitaine and covers the period from 455 to 581 years. The chronology of the essay is based on the consular fastest and the years of the reign of Byzantium emperors
Until 555, the chronicle of Maria Avanshsky was almost exclusively based on the enumeration of emperors and consuls, but since that time it has acquired particular significance for covering the history of Burgundy and the kingdoms of the Franks , being almost the only modern source correcting the " History of the Franks " by Gregory of Tours .
- Marii Aventicensis episcopi Chronicon. - PL - 1849 - T. LXXII - col. 791–802
- Marii Aventicensis episcopi Chronicon. MGH. AA. - Vol. Xi. - Bonnae. - 1894 - T. XI - pp. 225–239
- The dates of the life of Maria Avanshsky are not precisely established: in some sources, the date of birth is indicated as about 530 years, the date of death is 593 or 594 years (only the exact number is known - December 31).
- Lyublinskaya A.D. Source Study of the History of the Middle Ages. - Leningrad: Publishing House of the Leningrad University, 1955. - P. 28 and 53. - 374 p.