Vladimir Stepanovich Myasnikov (born May 15, 1931 , Moscow ) is a Soviet and Russian historian , orientalist , Sinologist , specialist in Russian-Chinese relations , history of foreign policy, and historical biography. Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1997), doctor of historical sciences, professor .
|Vladimir Stepanovich Myasnikov|
|Date of Birth|
|Place of Birth|
|Scientific field||Sino-Russian relations|
|Place of work|
|Academic degree||Doctor of Historical Sciences ( 1978 )|
|Academic rank||professor |
Corresponding Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR ( 1990 )
Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences ( 1997 )
|supervisor||P. E. Skachkov|
|Awards and prizes|
The author of about 500 published scientific papers.
Vladimir Stepanovich Myasnikov was born on May 15, 1931 in the family of Stepan Nikiforovich and Olga Fedorovna Myasnikovs. The future scientist spent his childhood and youth on Ostozhenka , near the historical center of Moscow. After graduating from school in 1950, Myasnikov entered the Chinese department of the Moscow Institute of Oriental Studies . By the scientist’s own admission, his choice was influenced by the victory of the Chinese Communist Party in the Civil War and the proclamation of the People’s Republic of China . In 1954, in connection with the closure of the MIV, he was transferred to the Chinese branch of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs ( MGIMO ).
After completing his studies in 1955, Vladimir Stepanovich did not get a post-graduate course and for some time was forced to work as a bibliographer at the Central Medical Library at the Institute for Advanced Medical Studies. However, forty days later, in September 1955, he was sent to a team of Sinologists and Manchurists, who, under the leadership of L.S. Perelomov, disassembled and prepared documents and materials for the Manchurian archive, which had been seized by the tsarist forces during the suppression of the Ihethuan rebellion, for transfer to the Chinese authorities. Work on archival materials enthralled the young Myasnikov, and when the Institute of Sinology was established on the basis of the Department of China of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the USSR Academy of Sciences , Vladimir Stepanovich began to work as a researcher. The scientific leader of the senior generation was Sinologist P.E. Skachkov, with whom Myasnikov worked hard to develop issues of Russian-Chinese relations (from 1689 to 1915). The result of this joint activity was the publication of the collection "Russian-Chinese relations 1689-1916. Official Documents ”(1958). A few years later, after Skachkov’s death in 1964, Vladimir Stepanovich would postpone writing his doctoral dissertation for several years, complete work on two manuscripts of his scientific adviser, and, combining them into one fundamental study, “Essays on the History of Russian Sinology” (1977), will publish her under the name of his teacher.
In 1958, Vladimir Stepanovich made his first scientific trip to China. During the trip, he happened to work in the archives of the former imperial palace of Gugun , to get acquainted with books stored in the Beijing Library and many other historical monuments. In Beijing, Myasnikov met his colleague at the Institute, Svetlana Danilovna Markova, who soon became his wife. Markova was a talented and famous Chinese philologist, a specialist in modern Chinese literature and culture in general. She introduced her friends: Academician Guo Mozhuo , mathematician Academician Hua Logeng , poet Xiao San, and many other Chinese intellectuals.
Having entered the graduate school of the Institute of Asian Peoples in 1960 (the Institute of Sinology was closed by then), Myasnikov already had a number of publications that determined the scope of his scientific interests. It is quite natural that his Ph.D. thesis was devoted to the topics being developed - the problems of Russian-Chinese relations. On February 13, 1964, the dissertation was successfully defended. Soon, the scientist went on an internship at the Beijing Institute of Foreign Languages.
The deterioration of Soviet-Chinese relations and the distortion of the history of Russian-Chinese relations led Myasnikov to a further detailed study of the history of Russian-Chinese relations. He initiated the creation of the documentary series “Russian-Chinese relations. Materials and documents. " When the Soviet delegation went to Beijing in October 1969 for negotiations, it already had at its disposal the first volume of this documentary series, and Myasnikov himself was included in the delegation as an expert.
In 1964 - 1966 he was a researcher at the Institute of Economics of the World Socialist System . In 1966-2003 He worked at the Institute of the Far East of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (RAS) : first as a scientific secretary (1967-1969), then as a senior research fellow, head of the sector (1969-1985) and, finally, as deputy director of the Institute. Since 1985 he is the deputy director, since 1992 he is the head of the Russia-China center of the same institute.
In 1978 he defended his doctoral dissertation on the topic: "Traditional Chinese diplomacy and the implementation by the Qing Empire of strategic plans for the Russian state in the 17th century." In 1982 he was awarded the title of professor. On December 15, 1990, Vladimir Stepanovich Myasnikov was elected a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences in the Department of History with a degree in General History, and seven years later ( May 29, 1997 ) - an Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the Department of History with a degree in General History, Oriental Studies.
For almost ten years, V. S. Myasnikov lectured at the Department of Chinese History at MGIMO , and later taught at the Eastern University at the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences and at the Faculty of World Politics of Moscow State University .
For many years, he has been Deputy Chairman of the Russian-Chinese Friendship Society, from 1997 to 2003 - Deputy Chairman of the Russian part of the Russian-Chinese Committee for Friendship, Peace and Development in the 21st century, and since 1998 - President of the Association of Sinologists of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Deputy Academician-Secretary of the Department of History of the Russian Academy of Sciences (until 2002); Since 2003 - Advisor to the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Chairman of the Russian Society of Historians-Archivists (2006-2010). Since 2011 - Honorary Chairman of the annual International Conference of Young Scientists and Specialists of KLIO - “Historical Documents and Actual Problems of Archeography, Source Studies, Russian and World History of the Modern and Contemporary Times” (Moscow).
Member of the Board of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences , Chairman of the Editorial Board of the scientific series “ Scientific Heritage ” of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Member of the Editorial Board of the journal “ New and Contemporary History ”
- Russian-Chinese relations 1689-1916. M., 1958;
- The first Russian diplomats in China. M., 1960 (et al.);
- Myasnikov V.S. The Qing Empire and the Russian State in the 17th Century / Otv. ed. Corr. USSR Academy of Sciences S. L. Tikhvinsky ; Institute of the Far East, Academy of Sciences of the USSR . - M .: Science (GRVL), 1980 .-- 312 p. - 5,000 copies.
- Myasnikov V.S. The Qing Empire and the Russian State in the 17th Century. - Khabarovsk: Khabarovsk Book Publishing House , 1987. - 512 p. - (Far Eastern Historical Library). - 15,000 copies.
- A brief outline of the history of the diplomacy of the PRC (60s - early 80s). M. 1988;
- Russian-Chinese relations in the XX century. T. 4, book. 1-2. M., 2000;
- Russia and China. 400 years of interstate ties. NY, London 2001;
- Myasnikov V.S. Quadrature of the Chinese circle: Prince. 1, 2 / Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences . - M .: Eastern literature, 2006 .-- 1178 p. - (Corpus Sericum). - 800 copies. - ISBN 5-02-018529-9 .
- Myasnikov V.S. Kastalsky key of the Sinologist: Works in 7 volumes. - M .: Nauka, 2014 .-- ISBN 978-5-02-039048-5 .
- Order of Honor
- Order of Friendship
- Prize named after N. I. Kareev of the Russian Academy of Sciences (2000, for the monograph “Approved by treaty articles. The diplomatic history of the Russian-Chinese border of the 18th-20th centuries”)
- S.F. Oldenburg Prize of the Russian Academy of Sciences (2018, for the collected works “Castal Key of the Sinologist” in seven volumes)
- Vladimir Stepanovich Myasnikov / Comp .: V.P. Zhuravlyova et al .; Auth. entry Art .: S. L. Tikhvinsky . - M .: Nauka, 2003. - 115,  p. - ( Materials for the biobibliography of scientists . History; issue 24). - ISBN 5-02-033058-2 .
- In the stream of scientific creativity. To the 80th anniversary of Academician V. S. Myasnikov. M., 2011.
- Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor V. S. Myasnikov. Interview. (doc).“Sinology is an oral history” (IW RAS) . Institute of Oriental Studies RAS (2010). Date of treatment November 11, 2010. Archived March 10, 2012.
- Profile of Vladimir Stepanovich Myasnikov on the official website of the RAS
- Profile of Vladimir Stepanovich Myasnikov on the official website of the NAS RA
- Page on the INION website
- Page on the website of the IOM RAS
- Biography in the directory "International Studies in Russia"
- Historical background on the website of the Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences
- Gusterin P.V. Academician Myasnikov about Athanasius Nikitin: a parody of science // Russia in Colors, 09/23/2018