Northern Karelia or Pohjois-Karjala (also Pohjues-Karjala ) ( Fin. Pohjois-Karjala ; Swede. Norra Karelen ) is a region of Finland located in Eastern Finland. North Karelia has a common border with Russia with a length of 296 km. The center of the region is Joensuu . Other significant cities are Kitee , Lieksa , Outokumpu . There are 2,200 lakes in North Karelia. The largest lake of this province rich with reservoirs is Pielinen (area of 868 km²). The highest point is the Kolya hill in Lieksa, at a height of 347 meters above sea level.
|fin. Pohjois-karjala |
Swede. Norra karelen
|History and geography|
|Date of education|
|Square||17,762 km² (4th place )|
|Timezone||EET ( UTC + 2 , in summer UTC + 3 )|
|Population||165 754 people ( 2012 ) ( 14th place )|
|Density||9.33 people / km² (17th place)|
|ISO 3166-2 code||FI-13|
North Karelia is bordered by the Kainuu regions in the north, North Savo and South Savo in the west, South Karelia in the south, and the Republic of Karelia of the Russian Federation in the east. In Ilomantsi, North Eastern Karelia is the easternmost point on the border of the European Union .
There are 14 communities in North Karelia (municipalities, communes), 5 of which are urban , the rest are rural.
Communities are grouped into three districts (economic regions):
- Joensuu district : Joensuu , Ilomantsi , Kontiolahti , Liperi , Outokumpu , Polviyärvi
- District of Central Karelia : Keslahti , Kitee , Tohmajärvi , Rääkkylä
- Pielinensky region of Karelia : Yuuka , Lieksa , Nurmes , Valtimo
According to GDP per capita in 2017, the region ranked last but one in Finland with an indicator of 26,595 euros per person. [one]
- see Karelia (Finland)