Herman Bernstein ( born Herman Bernstein ; September 21, 1876 - August 31, 1935 ) - American journalist , translator , writer and diplomat .
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- 1 Biography
- 2 translations
- 3 Works
- 4 notes
- 5 Literature
- 6 References
He was born into a Jewish family in the border county town of Vladislavov at the mouth of the Shirvinta River of the Suvalk province (during the time of Prussian possession the town, which was not yet divided by a border into two parts, was called Neystadt-Shirvinty)    . His uncle Z. H. Bernstein was the founder of the first Yiddish newspaper in the United States - The Yiddish Post (1870). In 1893 he emigrated to America and settled in Chicago. In 1901 he married Sophie Friedman. He was engaged in journalistic and translation activities, translating from Russian into English.
Collaborated in newspapers and magazines New York Evening Post , The Nation , The Independent and Ainslee's Magazine. As a special correspondent for the New York Times , Bernstein traveled to Europe in 1908, 1909, 1911, and 1912. In 1913-1916 he published the Yiddish newspaper Der Tog ( day ).
In 1917-1919 he covered the events of the civil war in Russia. In 1919 he covered the work of the Paris Peace Conference .
From the testimony of the agent of the GPU Pavlovsky (Yakshin) it follows that in the 1920s Bernstein collaborated with the GPU and the Comintern .:
|A great help was rendered by a certain German Bernstein, a native of Mogilev,  placing the materials, information, documents, articles and notes sent to him in the newspapers he corresponded .... He was usually entrusted with conducting a newspaper campaign in America, where he had the most connections, the benefit of preparing public opinion for the recognition of Soviets and discrediting emigrants and anti-Soviet public figures ... Bernstein received falsified materials, knew perfectly well that they were forged at the GPU, since he always ritelnye negotiations and he gave advice about the wording of these articles. This document shows what huge fees Bernstein received (17,000 gold rubles).|
In the years 1924-1926 published The Jewish Tribune . He supported Herbert Hoover in the 1928 presidential election. In 1930, Hoover appointed Bernstein as American ambassador to Albania . He remained in this post until 1933. He died in 1935 in Sheffield, Massachusetts.
Grandchildren of Herman Bernstein: Daniel Elfman and Richard Elfman .
- The forged coupon and other stories, by Count Leo Tolstoy.
- The Man Who Was Afraid - Translation of "Thomas Gordeev" by Gorky .
- The Crushed Flower and Other Stories - “Flower under the Foot” and other stories of Leonid Andreyev
- The Rendezvous (1907) - translation of “Meetings” of Turgenev .
- Seven Who Were Hanged - translation of “The Story of the Seven Hanged Men ” by Leonid Andreev
- The Willy-Nicky correspondence , being the secret and intimate telegrams exchanged between the Kaiser and the Tsar. With a foreword by Theodor Roosevelt (1918) - Allegedly secret telegrams between Nicholas II and William II of 1904-1907. According to Bernstein, he received telegrams with the help of “outstanding historians of the revolution” Burtsev , Schegolev and Tarle .
- The Flight of Time (1899) - a collection of poems
- In the Gates of Israel (1902) - a collection of short stories from Jewish life
- Contrite Hearts (1905) - novel
- The History of a Lie. The Protocols of the Wise Men of Zion (1921) - “A History of Lies. Protocols of the Zion of the Wise
- Celebrities of Our Time (1924) - interviews with Tolstoy, Witte, Mechnikov, Maxim Kovalevsky, Leonid Andreyev, Sheikh al Islam, Maximilian Harden, Bernstein.
- With Master Minds is a collection of interviews taken by Bernstein.
- The Road to Peace (1926) - A collection of interviews taken by Bernstein.
- The Truth about the Protocols of Zion (1935) - The Truth About the Protocols of Zion Wise Men. Extended edition of the 1921 book.
- ↑ 1 2 SNAC - 2010.
- ↑ Russian Jewish Encyclopedia. Volume I, p. 126. Russian Academy of Natural Sciences. Moscow: Epos, 1994 (see here ).
- ↑ Guide to the Papers of Herman Bernstein Archived on September 28, 2007. (unavailable link from 09/05/2013 [2239 days])
- ↑ Jewish Encyclopedia (1910-1914)
- ↑ G. Bernstein was not from Mogilev; he was born in Vladislavov on the border with Prussia.
- ↑ From the testimony of Pavlovsky (Yakshin), an agent of the GPU, who was arrested in Germany in 1929. Part 2 (inaccessible link)
- Bernstein, Herman // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Bernstein, Herman // Jewish Encyclopedia of Brockhaus and Efron . - SPb. , 1908-1913.
- Herman Bernstein works in the Gutenberg project
- From the testimony of Pavlovsky (Yakshin), an agent of the GPU, who was arrested in Germany in 1929. Part 2 (inaccessible link)