- For the USSR-era road, see Azerbaijan Railway
Azerbaijan Railways ( Azerb. Azәrbaycan Dәmir Yolları ) is a national operator of the railway network of Azerbaijan , a joint-stock company . The company was established in the summer of 2009 on the basis of the Azerbaijan State Railway, functionally replacing it.
Azərbaycan Dəmir Yolları
Passenger terminal in Baku
|Type of||Joint-Stock Company|
|Affiliated companies||"Nakhichevan railway. road"|
Technical indicators, infrastructure, management organization
Until 1991, the Azerbaijan Railway organizationally consisted of three branches (Baku, Ganja and Nakhichevan). After the independence of Azerbaijan, and the separation of its railways from the structure of the Ministry of Railways of the USSR, reforms were carried out on the organizational structure.
So of the three branches, two (Baku and Ganja) were liquidated and transferred to the direct control of the traffic service. In addition, instead of the previously existing main departments of locomotive, carriage facilities, passenger transportation services, production associations were created - software, to which the infrastructure previously belonged to the services was reassigned. So all the locomotive depots were introduced into the Lokomotiv Production Association. A feature and positive property of these reforms was the elimination of previously existing and duplicating bodies.
- The total length of railways is 2125 km.
- of which double-track - 800 km.
- deployed length - 2995 km.
- Electrified (DC 3KV) - 1278 km.
- Electrified (alternating current 25KV) - 499 km (as part of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway project).
- equipped with automatic locking - 1600 km.
The organizational structure of ADB consists of management (railway chief, deputies, chief engineer), associations, production associations - software, services and enterprises. Unions:
- Transportation Process Management
- Work supply
- PO Lokomotiv
- WagonService software
- Software "Travel Economy"
- Power Supply Software
- Alarm and Communication Software
- International relations
- Statistics and Economic Planning
- Tariffs and Transport Service
- Economics and Labor
- Reinforced Concrete Plant
- Car Repair Plant
- Gravel plant
- Rail welding train
- Main water supply distance
- Civil Facilities
- Technical supply
The structure of AJD, also on the rights of a road enterprise, includes Baku Railways.
The following types of rolling stock are operated on railways:
- Electric locomotives VL8 , VL23 , VL11 m , VL11M6 , VL10 u , E4s . Previously in operation were electric locomotives VL22m
- Diesel locomotives main TE3 , 2M62 , 2TE10m / 3TE10m .
- Shunting diesel locomotives TEM2 , TEM2u, TEM2um, TEM2t, ChME3 , ChME3t. Previously operated TEM1 .
- Electric trains ER2 , ESH2 . Previously exploited Cp3 .
There is regular passenger traffic with Russia , Ukraine , Georgia and Iran . All international trains arrive and depart from the Baku station . Train No. 15/16 by the Nakhchivan – Tabriz – Tehran – Mashhad communication, an Azerbaijani formation departs and arrives at the railway station in the city of Nakhchivan  .
As of April 2018, regular communication with the cities of Moscow , Tbilisi , Kiev , Tabriz , Tehran , Mashhad , Rostov-on-Don , Akstafa , Gazakh , Sumgayit , Horadiz , Astara and others  . After launching the commercial corridor of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars transport corridor , it is planned to open routes to the Turkish cities of Kars and Istanbul .
The project provides for the creation of high-speed traffic from Baku to Beyuk-Kiasik (border with Georgia ) with the prospect of creating a common high-speed corridor Azerbaijan - Georgia - Turkey . Based on the international tender, the feasibility study of the project was carried out by South Korean companies, and they also won the design tender. Three types of project implementation are proposed, the construction of a separate express line from Baku to Boyuk-Kyasik, the construction of additional tracks on the existing section of Baku-Boyuk-Kyasik, and the modernization of the existing Baku-Boyuk-Kyasik line for high-speed traffic. The separate line construction project was rejected as overly costly and unprofitable. During negotiations and consultations, the choice will most likely fall on the third option, which provides for the modernization of existing railways for high-speed traffic. Under this project, the initial speed of passenger trains on the line will be 120 km / h, then 160 km / h, and ultimately more than 200 km / h. The project provides for the further development of high-speed traffic, with the connection of the railways of Georgia and Turkey to it, to create a single international high-speed corridor from the Caucasus to Europe . In the long run, with an increase in passenger flows, an increase in speed of up to 300 km / h is also planned, with the construction of additional tracks.
TRACECA (Transport Corridor Europe - Caucasus - Asia )
It is planned to use the Baku - Georgian border route, the length of which will be 503 kilometers, in the project.
Baku - Tbilisi - Kars
According to this project, the railways of Azerbaijan should be connected through the railways of Georgia with the railways of Turkey . According to the project (the implementation of which began in 2007), a railway line should be built from the Akhalkalaki station in Georgia to the railway station in the city of Kars . The approximate cost of the project was estimated at 800 million US dollars, the expenses were taken equally by Azerbaijan , by providing a loan to Georgia , and Turkey . Azerbaijan at a minimum interest rate allocated a loan to Georgia to build a section from Akhalkalaki to the border with Turkey , at its own expense, Azerbaijan is reconstructing the Marneuli-Akhalkalaki section. At the initial stage, it is planned to transport up to 10 million tons of cargo along the road, with a further increase in cargo flows to 25 million tons. in the short term. This project is also part of a more ambitious project to connect the railways of the South Caucasus with Europe through Turkey. Under the Turkish Railways Development Program, an undersea railway tunnel under the Bosphorus Strait in Istanbul is under construction, which will provide direct connection with the pan-European railway network. Also, in the context of the project, it is planned to build a railway from Kars to the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic . In the future, with the implementation of the High-Speed Transport projects, the Baku-Tbilisi-Akhalkalaki-Kars project will become part of the Europe - Caucasus - Asia railway high-speed corridor.
Start took place on October 30, 2017. Heads of countries of this project attended.
North - South
In 2000, an agreement was signed between Russia , India and Iran on the North-South international transport corridor. Azerbaijan joined this project in 2005. This transport corridor is a combination of transport and information routes from India and Oman via the sea, then through Iran, the Caspian region, to Russia and in the opposite direction. According to experts, the throughput capacity of the North-South transport complex will initially be up to 10 million tons of cargo per year.
There are several cargo routes using different modes of transport, one of them is the so-called “western branch”: the Astrakhan – Makhachkala – Samur route, then through Azerbaijan with access to Iran via the Astara border station. Or from Samur through the territories of Azerbaijan and Armenia with access to Iran through the border station Julfa .
On the territory of Azerbaijan, the project involves the construction of the Astara (Iran) - Astara (Azerbaijan) border bridge, a border station, 8.5 km of tracks, as well as a change of wheelset and other infrastructure in Azerbaijan. About $ 21 million is needed for the implementation of projects in Azerbaijan. The border crossing opened in March 2017.
In 2018, the Azerbaijani government allocated 30 million manat for the construction of the Lyaki - Gabala railway line.  On a 43-kilometer-long section (of which 20 are mountainous), 103 drainage systems, 16 tunnels and bridges are planned. The plan provides for the construction of the Karagan-Shykhlyar station on the territory of the Agdash region and the station on the territory of the Gabala international airport . As of April 2019, 71 wastewater was completed. It is planned to open the site before the end of 2019.  The Baku-Gabala route will be served by high-speed trains  .
In mid-2019, plans were announced for the construction of a 57-kilometer railway from Khudat station to the Shahdag winter resort in Kusar district . The choice of a consultant for the design of the road is provided before the end of 2019  .
- Railway transport in Azerbaijan
- Azerbaijan railway
- Railway Baku - Tbilisi - Kars
- Narrow Gauge Railways in Azerbaijan
- Electric trains Baku - Sabunchi - Surakhani Electrified Railway
- Transcaucasian Railway
- Azerbaijan Transport
- Azerbaijan Railways Day
- Schedule of the fast train No. 15/16 for the summer of 2018.
- Train timetable for ADY 2018
- President Ilham Aliyev allocated funds for the construction of the Lyaki-Gabala railway . Trend December 11, 2018
- Construction of the railway Lyaki-Gabala will be completed before the end of the year . News-Azerbaijan. April 30, 2019
- In 2019, a high-speed train from Baku to Gabala will start operating . 1news.az. December 29, 2018
- N. Abbasova. AJD plans to build a railway to the Shahdag tourist complex . Interfax-Azerbaijan. May 27, 2019
- ady.az - official site of Azerbaijan Railways
- Official website of the Ministry of Transport of Azerbaijan (azerb .)
- Zeynalov, Z. A. Steel Highway of Azerbaijan 100 years (1880-1980) / ed. Z. A. Zeynalova, N. B. Kerimbekova. - Baku: Azerneshr, 1980 .-- 163 p.
- Information about public railways from 1918 to 1990 / Comp. G. M. Afonina. - M .: Transport, 1995 .-- 224 p.
- G. Shugaev. The hospitable face of Baku (Russian) // Architecture and Design: Journal. - M. , 2004.