Second Bundesliga - professional football league for German football clubs. It is the second highest level in the German football league system . It features 18 clubs. The championship runs from August to May, each team holds 34 matches. It has been held since 1963 , before that football was at an amateur level.
|Founded||August 2, 1974|
|Federation||UEFA ( Europe )|
|Number of participants||eighteen|
|Retirement in||Third Bundesliga|
|National tournaments||German Cup|
|International tournaments||Europa League (through the final of the German Cup)|
|Most titled||Nuremberg , Freiburg , Cologne|
(4 titles each)
All the "big" clubs in Germany played one or two seasons in the Second League.
History and Changes
The second Bundesliga has changed in composition, role and position in the German football league system several times in its short history. Firstly, earlier this level of football leagues was divided in two: there were the Second Northern and Second Southern Bundesliga. This situation continued until 1981, when both divisions were combined into one Second Bundesliga, consisting of 20 teams. With a brief break caused by the unification of Germany (season 91/92 with various special schemes), the Second Bundesliga currently exists without structural changes.
Currently, the Second Bundesliga is the second level in the German football league system, and, like the first Bundesliga , is run by the DFL ( German Deutsche Fußball Liga - German Football League). 18 professional teams compete in a round robin system at home and away from opposing teams in 34 games. The champion team and the vice champion team will automatically transfer to the First Bundesliga. The third place team plays the home and away playoff match (away match) with the 16th place team in the First Bundesliga. Teams that took, according to the results of the season, the last (17th and 18th) places, must leave the Second Bundesliga, having moved to the Third League standings. The 16th-place team plays a home and away playoff match (relegation match) with the 3rd-place team in the Third League.
The difference between the sports levels of the First clubs and the leading teams of the Second League has decreased in recent years.
Champions of the Second Bundesliga
|Season||Champion of the Second Bundesliga|
|1974/75||Hannover 96 (North)|
|1975/76||Tennis Borussia (Berlin) (North)|
|1976/77||St. Pauli (North)|
|1977/78||Arminia Bielefeld (North)|
Darmstadt 98 (South)
|1978/79||Bayer Leverkusen (North)|
Munich 1860 (South)
|1979/80||Arminia Bielefeld (North)|
Darmstadt 98 (South)
|1991/92||Uerdingen 05 (North)|
- Matthias Weinricht: Zweitliga-Almanach. Alle Spieler. Alle Vereine Alle Ergebnisse . Agon Sportverlag, 2001, ISBN 3-89784-190-8