Kolomak ( Ukr. Kolomak ) - urban-type settlement , Kolomaksky village council , Kolomaksky district , Kharkov region . It is the administrative center of the Kolomaksky village council, which, in addition, includes the village of Novoivanovskoye .
|History and Geography|
|Timezone||UTC + 2 , in summer UTC + 3|
|Population||2828  people ( 2018 )|
|Telephone code||+380 5766|
|Car code||AX, KX / 21|
- 1 Geographical location
- 2 Origin of the name
- 3 History
- 4 Economics
- 5 Transport
- 6 Social objects
- 7 Attractions
- 8 Religion
- 9 Famous Natives and Residents
- 10 notes
- 11 Links
The urban-type settlement Kolomak is located on the Kolomak River  at the confluence of the Shlyakhovaya and Vyazovaya rivers into it. Upstream at a distance of 2 km is the village of Gvozdevo (Valkovsky district) , downstream adjoining the villages of Gurtovka and Rezunenkovo .
Located 90 kilometers on the road west of Kharkov .
Kolomak got its name from the Kolomak River , on the banks of which the first settlers stopped. Presumably, the name was given to the river by the Polovtsy , who inhabited these places in the 9th-12th centuries (in Turkic, “kolomak” is a branched, swampy river).
In written sources, Kolomak was first mentioned in 1571   .
The village was founded in the middle of the XVII century  (possibly in 1668 ) as a prison on the border of the Russian state  .
In 1680, Kolomak became the hundredth town of the Akhtyrsky regiment  .
On July 25, 1687, elections for the hetman of Ukraine were held here. According to contemporaries, on a large lowland near the Cossack camp was glad. The election site was surrounded by a close circle of Russian troops. Around the Cossacks were arrows and reitars . The council was attended by 800 horse and 1200 foot Cossacks. The foreman shouted out the name of Mazepa, and when some tried to name the other, they were "lured out." Ivan Mazepa was elected hetman of Ukraine and Kolomak articles were signed here. “Mazepa was elected to the hetman, mainly because Golitsyn, who loved him, wanted so much.” 
During the Northern War in February 1709, Kolomak was burned by Swedish troops, but in 1711 the restored settlement was burned and destroyed by the Crimean Tatars, who captured and captured many inhabitants  .
In 1773, 3,546 people lived in the settlement, of which 3,385 were Cossacks and peasants. The main occupation of the inhabitants was agriculture, but the position of the village on the trade route contributed to the development of trade, at the end of the XVIII century Kolomak became the venue for fairs  .
In 1780, Kolomak became a settlement of the Valkovsky district of the Kharkov governorate (from 1835 - the Kharkov province )  .
In 1895, there were 782 yards, 3 churches, 2 schools, 4 shops and 6 inns  .
In January 1918, Soviet power was established here, but already in April 1918, the village was occupied by German troops , later in the course of the civil war, power changed several times  .
December 12, 1919, Soviet power was restored  .
In 1920, the first state farm was created on landowners  .
During the Great Patriotic War from October 16, 1941 until mid-September 1943, the village was under German occupation  .
In 1959, received the status of urban-type settlement.
As of the beginning of 1966, a livestock collective farm named after Ordzhonikidze, pig farm them. Kirov, sugar factory , brick factory, dairy, poultry incubator station,5 schools , a hospital, a tuberculosis dispensary, two outpatient clinics, a kindergarten, a nursery, a cultural center, 10 shops and 4 catering establishments  .
In 1980, the Novoivanovsky Sugar Refinery, a brick factory, and the production sites of special farms named after them functioned here. S. M. Kirov and them. The 50th anniversary of the October Revolution, a communal enterprise plant, a separator shop at the Kovyagsky Dairy Plant, two comprehensive schools, a hospital, a medical dispensary, a Culture House, three libraries and two clubs  .
In January 1989, the population was 4628 people  .
In July 1995, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine decided to privatize the Novoivanovsky state farm located in the village  .
In November 1997, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine approved a decision on the privatization of a grain-receiving enterprise located in the village  .
According to the 2001 census, the population was 3844 people , as of January 1, 2013 - 3074 people  .
- Novoivanovsky sugar factory .
- Dairy and pig farm.
- "KOLOS", agricultural LLC.
It is located 7 km from the Kolomak railway station (on the Kharkov-Poltava line)  .
The highway T-2117 leads to the village.
- In the center of the village is the mass grave of Soviet soldiers and a memorial to fellow soldiers. 44 soldiers were buried.
- Near the sugar factory - the mass grave of Soviet soldiers. 233 warriors were buried.
- Church of the Ascension of Christ.
Famous Natives and Residents
- Kolesnik, Alexey Nikolaevich (1949-2015) - Soviet and Ukrainian statesman, deputy of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (1990-1992), chairman of the Kharkov Regional Council (2002-2004).
- number of the explicit population of Ukraine on 1 September 2018 rock. State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Kyiv, 2018.p. 69
- Kolomak // Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia. Volume 5. Kiev, “Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia”, 1981. p. 181
- Kolomak // Istoriya mіst і sіl Ukrainian RSR. Kharkivsk region. - Kyiv, Head editors of the URE AN URSR, 1966.
- D. B — y . Kolomak // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Kostomarov N.I. , Russian History in the Biographies of its Most Important Figures. Second Division: Domination of the Romanov dynasty before the accession to the throne of Catherine II. Chapter 16. Getman Ivan Stepanovich Mazepa
- 1989 All-Union Population Census. Number of urban population of Union republics, their territorial units, urban settlements and urban areas by gender
- " 00387192 - Radgosp" Novoivanivsky ", smt Kolomak of Valkivsky district "
Postanova of the Cabinet of Ministries of Ukraine № 538 від 20 липня 1995 р. “About the additional transfer of assets, which is necessary to privatize privatization in 1995”
- Postanova of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 1218 від 5 leaf fall 1997 p. “About the acceleration of privatization of food and food production”
- number of the explicit population of Ukraine on 1 September 2013. State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Kiev, 2013. p. 99
- Kolomak // Great Soviet Encyclopedia. / ed. A.M. Prokhorova. 3rd ed. volume 12. M., "Soviet Encyclopedia", 1973.
- Website of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
- Reference presentation of the Kolomaksky district on the website of the Kharkiv Regional State Administration .
- Local self-government bodies of Ukraine (Ukrainian)
- Kolomak Kharkov region on the map
- Kolomak. The meaning of the word "Kolomak" in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia