“Bezhin Meadow” - the lost film of 1935 by Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein , later restored as a photographic film by N. I. Kleiman and S. I. Yutkevich  .
|In the main|
|Nikolay Khmelev |
|Film company||" Mosfilm "|
|Duration||35 min (photo film)|
|A country||the USSR|
The script for the film was written by a playwright, a former Chekist Alexander G. Rzheshevsky . The plot of the film was the collectivization of agriculture, combining rainbow and tragic colors and based on the history of Pavlik Morozov .
Near Bezhin Luga , described by I. S. Turgenev in the story of the same name , where Turgenev used to sit at a fire in a night peasant children, a story connected with the pioneer Stёpka Samokhin occurs.
The basis of this drama was the story of the murder of Pavlik Morozov in the Northern Urals on September 3, 1932 , who reported to the village council, according to official Soviet historiography, about his father's collusion with the enemies of collectivization.
Actors Nikolay Khmelev , Peter Arzhanov, Boris Zakhava  and others starred in the roles.
In the 1930s, actions against the so-called. Were popular. works of social utopianism. The film “Bezhin Meadow” was greeted with criticism very severely. Shooting was suspended after viewing in a rough cut at the General Directorate of Cinematography , and the footage was rejected. According to Eisenstein, until the completion of the two-year filming, he then lacked 11 days.
Despite the desire of the Mosfilm Directorate to resume work on another scenario - the writer Babel , the shooting was not continued, and on March 17, 1937, by order of the General Directorate of Cinematography, the works on the production of the film “Bezhin Meadow” were suspended “because of the formalism and complexity of the language pictures. The director had to write an article “Errors“ Bezhina Meadows ””. The article was published on April 17 in the same newspaper "Soviet Art", where two and a half months before this, his work in the original version was considered comparable to "classical works of art"
From the history of the creation and recreation of the film
Filming took place including in Turgenev places described in “ Hunter ’s Notes ” - in Chernsky District , which was part of the Moscow Region during filming.
Unassembled material of the film was destroyed by a German bomb during World War II .
The editor Esther Tobach , assembling the draft version of the film “Bezhin Meadow”, retained the unmounted cut-off frames, also eight meters of film were left from the film, the directorial script in two versions, a lot of directorial developments, notes and drawings. The lost tape was restored as a system of photographs from these frames.
- In April 1937, in the article “Errors of the Bezhina Meadows”, Eisenstein, in the words of N. Zorka , “apologized for being Eisenstein.”
- Н. Nusinova N. Family of nations (Essay on Soviet cinema of the thirties). "Logos". 1991–2005. Selected . Volume 1 . - Directmedia, 2013-08-28. - 696 s. - ISBN 5911290057 .
- Zabrodin, 2008 , p. 266-267.
- Vladimir Zabrodin . To the history of the production of "Bezhina meadow". Installation of documents // Cinema Studies . - 2008. - № 87 . - p . 242-282 .
- Pavel Kuznetsov . Fathers and sons. Background // Session . - 2004. - № 21/22 . Archived March 10, 2012.