Nordtroll- 120МTr ( NordTrol-120МTr ) is a Russian high- floor trolleybus designed and manufactured at the Sevmash enterprise ( Severodvinsk city) on the basis of the bodies of the Polish Jelcz 120M bus. These trolleybuses appeared in a number of Russian cities in 1994-1997 and are Polish in origin (body), and Russian in filling (power and traction electric equipment).
The first NTR-120MT assembled in Vladimir
|Produced, years.||1993 - 1998|
|Assigned service life, years||12|
|Curb weight, t||10.2 (1 t less than ZiU-682 )|
|Max. speed, km / h||70|
|Full capacity (8 people / m²)||110|
|Roof Height, mm||3,340|
|Number of doors for passengers||3|
|Type of||Dynamo DK-213|
|Operating voltage, V||550|
For the first time, the idea to use durable galvanized bodies of the Polish bus of the Jelcz factory located near the city of Wroclaw for the new trolleybus arose in the summer of 1993 . In September 1993, a Polish article appeared on Polish newspapers, “On Elche to Russia,” informing that the representative of the Union of Northern Cities, the mayor of Arkhangelsk V. Vlasov, signed an agreement with the automobile plant’s director to supply several new Jelcz 120M buses to Arkhangelsk , on the basis of which It was planned to collect trolleybuses with our Russian equipment. Payment for the bodies was supposed partly in currency, partly in wood, paper and natural gas. In mid-May 1994, the first Jelcz TEM 120M trolleybus arrived in Arkhangelsk from Poland, in the back of which Russian electrical equipment was installed. All summer he was tested on the tracks of Arkhangelsk without passengers, and then was sent to the Poland-94 exhibition in St. Petersburg.
In July 1994, it was decided to take as a basis this prototype of this trolleybus and begin production of new trolleybuses at the Sevmashpredpriyatie plant in Severodvinsk near Arkhangelsk . It was assumed that Sevmash will produce 20 such cars in October-December 1994, in 1995 - 100, in 1996 - 300, bringing the plant capacity to 1000 trolley buses per year by 1998.
Many cities became interested in the Nordtroll project ( Rostov-on-Don , Nizhny Novgorod , Bryansk , Vologda , Cherepovets ; some cities in the Baltic states , Bolivia , Greece ).
The first two bodies for future trolleybuses were brought from Poland by trailers in December 1994. Since the assembly of the new trolleybus was very delayed, the original production plans were adjusted: in 1995 it was planned to assemble not 100, but already 50 cars (including 20 for Arkhangelsk). However, local skeptics argued that Arkhangelsk this year will receive at best 4-5. And so it happened: In 1995, Arkhangelsk received 4 of these machines (including one Polish (No. 102) and three newly assembled in 1995). The "old" trolleybus from Poland (No. 102) was tested on the streets of Arkhangelsk in April 1995 and in May began to carry passengers (67% of it consisted of Polish components).
The first Nordtrol-120MTr trolleybus assembled in Arkhangelsk was presented at the presentation of the Northern Trolleybus OJSC in Arkhangelsk on January 30, 1996 . By this time, contracts for the supply of these cars with Northern Trolleybus OJSC were concluded in Izhevsk (for 10 units), Arkhangelsk (10 units), and Kirov. In February 1996, the first, and somewhat later, the second Nordtrol-120MTr trolleybus arrived in Kirov. In 1996, another 4 trolley buses were shipped from the Solombala Engineering Plant for Arkhangelsk, 2 to Izhevsk (1 arrived there in early 1996), 1 to Perm, 1 to Kazan. The last 2 trolleybuses were sent to Novocheboksarsk (one of them on the road, in June 1996, was exhibited in Nizhny Novgorod during the celebration of the centennial of the local tram and won a prize at the 1996 Nizhny Novgorod Fair). The cost of the trolleybus was 108 thousand dollars. Trolleybuses had a bright yellow body color.
In November 1996, due to financial problems, the assembly of trolleybuses in Arkhangelsk was discontinued. In April 1997, the plant was completely stopped and declared bankrupt. He sold his last trolleybuses according to the barter and netting scheme. Vladimir and Izhevsk began to claim the right to assemble these models. The assembly of the same machines was decided to be carried out in trolleybus depot No. 2 in Vladimir (the first trolleybus of Vladimir was assembled in February-April 1997 and tested on April 22, 1997, and on May 12, 1997 it was already put into permanent passenger operation). In September 1997, a meeting of city electric transport workers was held in Izhevsk, including on the assembly of Nordtrol-120MTr machines at the military plant of Reduktor JSC. It was assumed that at this plant, based on the Polish body, the electrical equipment of the Dynamo and Krosna plants and the TISU Radiopribor plant from St. Petersburg will be assembled (the cost of the machine was estimated at 55 thousand dollars). It was originally supposed that in 1997 this plant will assemble 5 cars, in 1998 - 12, in 1999 - 60. However, at the meeting it was decided to transfer the production of new machines to Vladimir, where by that time 3 cars had already been assembled and a certain one appeared experience in this field. In total, 4 were assembled in Vladimir in 1997, and in 1998 another 5 new trolleybuses. Later it was decided to concentrate all the machines of this type in Vladimir, which was supposed to exchange Nordtrol-120MTr from other cities (primarily from Arkhangelsk ) for overhaul of the ZiU-9 overhaul during 1999. However, all cities with the Nordtrol-120MTr do not want to give them to Vladimir under any pretext.
Body : Frame welded from steel rectangular closed sections with a section of 40x40 and 60 × 60 mm, connected to the supporting frame inseparably, using leveling elements. The outer skin of the frame, elements of the front and rear walls of PWS. Double-sided galvanized steel strips glued to the frame. Fiberglass roof, glued, plastic wheel niches. The trolleybus is protected against corrosion. The side wall sheathing is made of double-sided galvanized steel. The remaining cladding elements are made of aluminum and fiberglass. Both air suspensions are equipped with stabilizers. The rear suspension is dependent, with additional springs.
Electrical equipment - Moscow plant Dynamo. The power of TED is 115 kW. Traction motor control system - rheostat-contactor.
Doors : three, two-wing, controlled by an electro-pneumatic drive.
Passenger compartment equipment :
- vertical racks and horizontal handrails,
- doorway guards,
- powder fire extinguishers
- first aid kit
- trash cans.
The trolley has a comfortable lounge, as well as a powerful heating system, which is especially important in the conditions of Arkhangelsk and the North.
Driver's seat equipment :
- driver's seat ISRI 6500/517 with air suspension,
- power steering
- tables of control elements,
- steering column combination switch,
- interior mirrors
- BEHER heater.
Brake system : In addition to the working dual-circuit brake system, there is an emergency combined with the parking brake system. To ensure smooth braking and stopping, electric braking is used. The cabin has a separate door to exit. Mirrors electrically heated.
Additional equipment :
- convector heater.
In total for 1995-1998. 22 trolley buses based on the Polish Jelcz 120M bus were assembled in Arkhangelsk and Vladimir, and another trolley bus was assembled in Poland from Russian components (No. 102 in Arkhangelsk). Total in Russia in 1999 there were 23 such trolleybuses.
Nordtrol-120МTr Effective | city | onboard numbers | years of manufacture | Vladimir | 157,228,231 | 1997 | Novocheboksarsk | 1088,1091 | 1995 and 1996 respectively | Canned | city | onboard numbers | years of production | Vladimir | 160 | 1997 Transferred | former city | board number | year of manufacture | current city | current number | Kirov | 575 | 1996 | Izhevsk | 2203 Decommissioned | city | board number | year of production | year of cancellation | Arkhangelsk | 102, 103-105, 106-107 | 1994, 1995, 1996 | 2008 | Izhevsk | 2201-2202 | 1996 | 2009 and 2014, respectively | Kazan | 1127 | 1996 | 2009 | Kirov | 574 | 1996 | 2007 | Perm | 055 | 1995 | 2010