Maninka is the name of several closely related languages and dialects of the Manden group , which belongs to the Mande family of Niger-Congolese languages . It is the native language for the Maninka ( Malinka ) people and has 3,300,000 native speakers in Guinea and Mali , where it has the status of the “national language”, as well as in Liberia , Senegal , Sierra Leone and Côte d'Ivoire , in which it does not have an official status.
|Self name||Maninka, Maninkakan, Malinke, Malinka|
|Country||Guinea , Mali , Liberia , Senegal , Sierra Leone , Côte d'Ivoire|
|Official status||Guinea , Mali|
|Total number of speakers||3 300 000|
|ISO 639-3||myg (forest manink), mku (horse), emk (eastern manink), mzj (mania)|
According to the grammatical structure, the language is agglutinative . Several dialects stand out, but the differences between them are not strictly defined.
- Maninka-Mori, originally a dialect of the Kankan region - 1890000 native speakers in Guinea and 200,000 in Liberia and Sierra Leone , is the basis for the rapidly developing literary language Maninka
- Konya (cognac) - 128,000 carriers in Guinea
- mania (maniac) - in Forest Guinea and in the north of Liberia
- Sankaran (Maninka Farana) - in Guinea, near the city of Farana
- Manica of the Manden region - northeast of Guinea and the adjacent region of Mali, west and southwest of Bamako
- Maninka Kita - a district of the city of Kita in Mali
- northwest Maninka - eastern Senegal and surrounding areas of Mali
In recent decades, the pseudo-scientific hypothesis about the close kinship of the languages Manden (including Maninka) and Maya has gained popularity.
- Vydrin V.F., Tomchina S.I. Manden-Russian dictionary (maninka, bamana). T. 1. St. Petersburg., 1999.
- Tomchina. S.I. Introduction to the syntagmatic morphology of the Maninka language. Leningrad: Publishing House of Leningrad State University, 1978.
- Creissels, Denis. Le malinké de Kita. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag. 2009.
- Creissels, Denis. Le maninka du Niokolo (Sénégal Oriental). Esquisse phonologique et morphosyntaxique, liste lexicale, textes glosés. Mandenkan 49, 2013. 
- Friedländer, Marianne. Lehrbuch des Malinke. Leipzig: Langenscheid Verlag Enzyklopädie, 1992.