Vorgol  (Vargol ) - a river in the Izmalkovsky, Stanovlyansky and Yelets districts of the Lipetsk region . Left tributary of the Bystry Sosny River (flows into the area of the village of Voronets ). The river is 64 km long. The catchment area is 706 km².
|Swimming pool||706 km²|
|• Location||village Grunin Vorgol|
|Water system||Bystraya Pine → Don → Sea of Azov|
|Areas||Izmalkovsky district , Stanovlyansky district , Yelets district|
|- source - mouth|
In the time of ancient Russia, the border between the Vorgol and Elets principalities passed along the Vorgol river.
- 1 Description
- 2 tributaries (km from the mouth)
- 3 Etymology
- 4 Protected Areas
- 5 notes
- 6 Sources
The river flows in a narrow canyon-like valley with a depth of about 40-45 m. There are outcrops of numerous rock massifs: Ringer, Smoked Stone, Vorgolsky Rocks, Voronov Stone (Raven) and others.
The course is fast, over a greater length of the channel has a pronounced mid-mountain character. The slopes are steep, limestone, the width of the valley below is about 80 m. The floodplain is always developed only on one side of the valley along a convex bank with narrow stripes 50-60 m wide, and less, with a channel width of 15-20 m. The river makes several turns at right angles .
On the right side there are old landslide circuses overgrown with bushes, fresh ravines in brown loams with washed out moraine (granite).
The village got its name from the river: Nizhny Vorgol , Grunin Vorgol .
Thanks to the exits to the surface of thick plate limestone in the canyon-shaped valley of the Vorgol River, which are quite high cliffs (up to 30 meters), a peculiar mountain landscape is created. Back in the middle of the 19th century, the Russian writer and local historian M.A. Stakhovich compared the Vorgol river valley with Saxon Switzerland.
The Vorgola Valley is unique in its flora. Here, in a small space, there were three geographical zones with their characteristic plant species: steppe with feather grass, mountain with relic plants (Podolian shivereka) and forest with ferns ( hairy bone ).
Tributaries (km from the mouth)
- 40 km: Grunin Vorgol river (Grunin Vargol) (lv)
Very ancient hydronym of unknown origin. Has a common element with other hydronyms of the region that end in "-ol": Oskol , Khorol .
In the Vorgol River Valley, there are two protected sites that are part of the Galichya Gora Nature Reserve - Vorgolsky Rocks and Voronov Kamen.
Voronov stone is located below the village of Ryabinki . This is a limestone rock, broken by very large cracks - up to 10 m deep and 1 m wide. There are deep niches and caves below (cracks covered by limestone).
- Surface Water Resources of the USSR: Hydrological Understanding. T. 7. Donskoy district / ed. D. D. Mordukhai-Boltovsky. - L .: Gidrometeoizdat, 1964 .-- 267 p.
- Map sheet N-37-XXXIII . Scale: 1: 200 000. Indicate the date of issue / condition of the area .
- Milkov F.N. Field diaries (Voronezh period): 1952 routes // Herald of the Voronezh State University, a series of geography and geoecology: Scientific archives. - 2005. - No. 1 . - S. 124-129 .
- Novikov P., Rudnev F. Vorgolsky rocks. - Lipetsk: Lipetsk book publishing house, 1962, 24 p.
- Stakhovich M. A. History, ethnography and statistics of Yelets district. - M. Printing house of I. Chuksin. - 1858. - 59 p.
- Prokhorov V. A. Inscription on the map: Geographical names of the Central Black Earth Region. - Voronezh: Central Black Book Publishing House, 1977. - 192 p.
- Lipetsk Region: Topographic map (scale 1: 200 000). - Ed. 2nd. - M .: 439 CEVKF, 2006 .-- S. 10, 15, 16. - 32 p. - 5,000 copies.