Alesia ( Alesia ) is an ancient Gallic fortress city (in the area of modern Dijon , France ), which in 52 BC. er was besieged by Julius Caesar in the suppression of the general uprising of the Gauls .
Siege by Caesar
The Gauls , led by Vercingetorix, stubbornly defended, but due to the superiority of the Romans in siege technology and military art, as well as a shortage of food, despite almost six-fold superiority, they were forced to capitulate. This ended the conquest of Gaul . During the archaeological excavations (since 1860 ), siege structures and moats erected by Caesar were discovered: two walls 10 (external) and 14 (external) miles long. In the free space between the inner wall and the fortress, Caesar's Garden was broken: traps, stakes, pits. Gauls could not win. In the place where, according to his message, the decisive battle took place, Roman and Gallic types of weapons and coins (not younger than 52 BC) were found.
The city existed in Roman times: Roman theater , temples and other buildings were opened. Until the 5th century n. er Alesia was a prosperous Roman provincial town. In the Middle Ages, the city was neglected and now in its place is the site of ancient settlement Aliz and the village of Aliz-Saint-Rennes . The remains of Caesar’s siege fortifications were preserved.
On the history of the fortress there is the eponymous song of the folk metal band Eluveitie , as well as the song Storm The Gates Of Alesia of the group Ex Deo .
- Jean-Louis Voisin. Alésia: Un village, une bataille, un site. - Librairie Académique Perrin, 2014. - 254 p.