Fords ( niderl. Pardoen ) - rigging of a standing rigging fastening a banner or brahm-banner from behind and from boards. The forduns are designed to counteract the forward thrust of the headquarters and give greater stability to the rods and bram-rods.
Depending on which mast tree the forduns hold, they get additional names.
- For-sten-ford, for-bram-sten-ford, for-bom-bram-sten-ford reinforce the mast of the foremast .
- Grotto-sten-fords, mainsail-bram-sten-fords, grotto-bom-bram-sten-fords strengthen the mast of the main mast .
- Kruys-sten- forduns , kruys-bram-sten- forduns , kruys-bom-bram-sten- forduns reinforce the mizzen mast tree.
The lower ends of the fords , ending in a yufer or fire with a thimble , are attached to the sides of the vessel, behind the cables and backstays on the “fordun bench” (small ruble ) or on the legs placed above or below the “bench”. At the upper end of the fords, a krengels is put on, put on the top of the corresponding mast.
On modern yachts equipped with masts without shafts, fords are called tackles carried out from the top of the mast in the presence of back posts. Often the lower ends of the backstairs and fords are joined together to simplify the control of the yacht when maneuvering.
Fords are made of steel, synthetic or special hemp cable .
- Forduns // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Marine Dictionary, M, Military publishing house of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR, 1959
- Maritime Encyclopedic Dictionary, L-d, "Shipbuilding", 1991, ISBN 5-7355-0280-8
- “Mast, rigging and sails of 18th century ships”, C. H. Marquard, L-d, “Shipbuilding”, 1991, ISBN 5-7355-0131-3