The People’s Commissariat of Foreign Affairs of the USSR ( USSR NKID or People ’s Commissariat of Foreign Affairs ) was the USSR state body responsible for carrying out the foreign policy of the Soviet state in 1923-1946.
|People's Commissariat of Foreign Affairs of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics|
|A country||the USSR|
|date of creation||July 6, 1923|
|Date of Abolition||March 15, 1946|
|Replaced by||USSR Foreign Ministry|
|Parent agency||SNK of the USSR|
On December 30, 1922, the First Congress of Soviets of the USSR approved the Treaty on the Formation of the USSR .
The second session of the CEC of the USSR approved on July 6, 1923, the Constitution of the USSR and put it into effect; according to its articles 49 and 51, the All-Union People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs of the USSR was formed .
On November 12, 1923, the 4th session of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR approved the new provision on the USSR NKID. The people's commissars of the Union republics and their representative offices abroad were liquidated. At the same time, in the Union republics, the Authorized NKID Departments of the USSR were created.
In 1923-1925, Viktor Leontyevich Kopp was the head of the Office of the authorized representative of the USSR People's Commissariat for Social Affairs under the SNK of the RSFSR , and in the years 1925-1927 - Semyon Ivanovich Aralov .
In the early 30s, the second stage of recognition of the Soviet state began, when diplomatic relations were established with Spain, the USA, Bulgaria, Hungary, Albania, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Belgium, Luxembourg, and Colombia.
In December 1936, in accordance with the newly adopted Constitution of 1936, the NKID changed its name. It began to be called the People's Commissariat of Foreign Affairs of the USSR , and not for foreign affairs , as it was before.
In 1944, the USSR NKID was transformed from a union into a union republican, and the People’s Commissariats of Foreign Affairs of the union republics were restored.
In 1946, the USSR NKID was transformed into the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs ( USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs )  .
People's Commissars of the USSR
|Trotsky, Lev Davidovich||1917-1918|
|Chicherin, Georgy Vasilievich||1918-1930|
|Litvinov, Maxim Maksimovich||1930-1939|
|Molotov, Vyacheslav Mikhailovich||1939-1946|
- 193? —1937 - Krestinsky Nikolay Nikolaevich
- 1937-1940 - Potemkin Vladimir Petrovich
- 1940-1946 - Vyshinsky Andrey Yanuaryevich
After the issuance of the Decree of the Council of People 's Commissars of the USSR “On the introduction of uniforms of diplomatic workers of the People’s Commissariat of Foreign Affairs, Embassies and Missions of the USSR abroad” on 05.28.1943, departmental Order on NKID No. 1113 of 10.10.1943 was issued, which provided for the wearing of a new uniform from 01.11 .1943 Previously, there was a special diplomatic uniform for special occasions (as in many countries of the world it still exists today). Accepted Soviet uniforms were supposed to be worn all the time (like military uniforms). An “Instruction to the rules for wearing uniforms”  was also issued , then it was published in Order No. 236 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR on July 6 , 1948. the list of people who had the right to wear full dress was expanded  .
|Description||Insignia of diplomatic workers of the People’s Commissariat of Foreign Affairs, Embassies and Missions of the USSR abroad |
| the USSR|
|Rank||Shoulder strap of the People's Commissar of Foreign Affairs of the USSR||Extraordinary |
and Plenipotentiary Ambassador
and Plenipotentiary Envoy
and Plenipotentiary Envoy
|Note||Canceled in 1954|
- Law of March 15, 1946. On the transformation of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR into the Council of Ministers of the USSR and the Councils of People's Commissars of the Union and Autonomous Republics - into the Councils of Ministers of the Union and Autonomous Republics (Russian) // Vedomosti of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR: Sat. - 1946. - No. 10 .
- The first form of Soviet diplomats, 1993 , p. 36.
- The first form of Soviet diplomats, 1993 , p. 37.
- The first form of Soviet diplomats, 1993 , p. 42-43.
- People's Commissariat for Foreign Affairs of the RSFSR
- USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs