Apollon Aleksandrovich Maykov ( 1761 - December 20, 1838 [ January 1, 1839 ], St. Petersburg ) - Russian poet, foreman , real state councilor , in 1821 - 1825 - director of the Imperial Theaters . The nephew of the playwright V.I. Maykov ; older brother of the poet M.A. Maykov ; father of the academician of painting N. A. Maykov and grandfather of the poet A. N. Maykov .
|Apollon Alexandrovich Maykov|
Artist I. B. Lampi the Younger , 1796
|Date of Birth|
|Date of death|
|Place of death|
Russian poet , foreman , current state adviser , in 1821 - 1825 - director of the Imperial Theaters , playwright , writer
|Language of Works||Russian|
|Debut||several poems in the journal “The Cure for Boredom and Concern” (1786)|
Came from a noble family, the son of Alexander Ivanovich Maykov and Cleopatra Ivanovna Telepneva . In his youth he served in the guard .
On May 12, 1802 he became a member of the Directorate of Spectacles and Music and the head of the troupes of the St. Petersburg Imperial Theater.
Since 1806, he was in charge of the economic part of the directorate. According to the memoirs of contemporaries, he was well-versed in the commercial part; he knew little about repertoire affairs.
September 16, 1810 was appointed manager of Moscow theaters.
During the war of 1812, he managed to save the theater props, the box office of the directorate and take out a group of actors just before the French troops entered Moscow. Upon his return, he resumed theatrical performances in Moscow.
Since 1813 - chamberlain.
In 1821-1825 - director of the St. Petersburg imperial theaters. February 23, 1823 became a member of the Theater Affairs Committee.
June 24, 1825 resigned in protest against the decision to completely subordinate the activities of the director of theaters to the committee.
Returning to Moscow, he served as an "indispensable member" of the Armory (1828-1831).
He had orders: the Prussian “ Pour le Mérite ” (1795), St. Anne of the 2nd degree (1826) and the distinction “For XXX years of immaculate service” (1830).
He wrote several odes and comedies for different occasions in one act, “Unsuccessful Conspiracy, or Engaged, but Not Married,” staged in 1794 at the Hermitage Theater .
He was married to Natalya Ivanovna Serebryakova (1768-1832) and had 11 children:
- Alexander Apollonovich (1792-1886)
- Nikolai Apollonovich (1796-1873), artist.
- Vera Apollonovna (1797-1885), died a girl.
- Grigory Apollonovich (1798-1834), served in the 2nd Artillery Brigade of the Guards Artillery, from 1818 - Ensign, 1820 - Second Lieutenant, Lieutenant, in 1825 - Head Captain, from 1827 - Captain, in 1828 - Colonel. Member of the Russian-Turkish war of 1828-1829 and the Polish campaign of 1831 . He was married to Anastasia Nikolaevna Voeikova .
- Mikhail Apollonovich (1799-1881), artillery general. Since 1833, he was married to maid of honor Anna Petrovna Meller-Zakomelskaya (1802-1875), the daughter of the Minister of War, artillery general Baron Pyotr Ivanovich Meller-Zakomelsky and baroness Sofia Petrovna Knutsen.
- Cleopatra Apollonovna (1800-1884), was fond of music, participated in musical supplements to Maikov’s handwritten home magazine “Snowdrop”, was not married.
- Sofia Apollonovna (1802-1816), died in girlhood.
- Nadezhda Apollonovna (1803-1857), from 1828 she was married to the famous journalist, writer and historian Pavel Petrovich Svinyin (1787-1839).
- Valerian Apollonovich (1805-1837), graduated from the Mikhailovsky Artillery Academy, captain of the guards artillery; He was married to the daughter of fabulist Alexander Efimovich Izmailov Natalia, who, after the death of her husband, married his half-brother Alexander Azarevichov (see below).
- Konstantin Apollonovich (1811-1891)
- Leonid Apollonovich (1812-1838)
From Ekaterina Lukyanovna Azarevich , serf dancer of the Shklovsky Theater, Count S. G. Zorich , transferred to the directorate of the St. Petersburg Imperial Theaters in 1800, and released in 1802, A. A. Maykov had three children who were born with the surname Azarevichev .
- Nadezhda Apollonovna (1802—?), Ballet and drama artist, married Novitskaya.
- Maria Apollonovna (1804-1888), artist of the St. Petersburg drama troupe on the roles of subretrocks, peasant women, second lovers, married Voltovskaya.
- Alexander Apollonovich (1805-1870), owned a large beet-sugar factory.
- Maykov // Small Encyclopedic Dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron : in 4 volumes - St. Petersburg. 1907-1909.
- Maykov, Apollon Aleksandrovich (poet) // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Dictionary of Russian writers of the 18th century