Osorcon I (bibl. Zarai the Ethiopian : Lat. Zara Aethiops ) - the pharaoh of Ancient Egypt ( 924 - 889 BC ), from the XXII (Libyan) dynasty.
|Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt|
The statue of the period of the 19th dynasty, found on the personal name of Osorcon I, discovered during the excavation of Byblos
|Dynasty||XXII (Libyan) Dynasty|
|Historical period||Third transition|
|Successor||Takelot I and |
The son of Sheshonok I and his main wife, Maat Kara. His full name was - Sekhamkheperra Miamun Osorcon I.
During the first three and a few years of his reign Osorcon granted temples more than 254 tons of gold and silver. These huge contributions eloquently testify to the wealth that the Libyan pharaohs possessed at the beginning of their reign, despite the loss of Nubia . To strengthen his dominance in the Principality of Heracles, Osorkon built a fortress in Pere-Sekhemkheperra (House of Osorkon) at the entrance to the Fayum oasis.
His reign is marked by a general weakening of the Bubastid state. He tried to continue the aggressive predatory policy of his father, Sheshonka I. However, Osorkon’s campaign in Palestine failed. According to the Bible , in the 10th year of the reign of Asa (c. 903), Zarai (i.e. Osorcon) at the head of a huge army invaded Judea ( 2 Chronicles 14: 9 ), but was stopped by the Judean king near Marissa. The power of Egypt as a world state during the New Kingdom has finally come to an end.
Of the two spouses of Osorkon mentioned on the monuments, one, named Tashedhonsu, gave birth to his son Takelot , who was appointed heir to his father, apparently by right of seniority by birth. After 15 years of sole rule, Osorkon I appointed him his co-ruler (c. 910). Another son, Sheshonk, was born from the second wife of Osorkon Maatkar, the daughter of Pharaoh Psusennes II , and therefore had royal blood in his veins. His Osorkon, following the example of his father, made the high priest Amon Thebes .
According to Manetho (in excerpts from Sextus Afrikan and Eusebius of Caesarea ), Osorkon I (Osorton) ruled for 15 years.  Although it seems more likely that the reign of Osorcon lasted about 35 years. The tomb of Osorkon I has not yet been discovered.
- Ancient East and antiquity . // Rulers of the World. Chronological and genealogical tables on world history in 4 vols. / Compiled by V.V. Erlikhman . - T. 1.
|XXII (Libyan) Dynasty - Bubastids|
|pharaoh of egypt|
OK. 924 - 889 BC e.
and Sheshonk II