Camille Yashen (real last name — Nugmanov ; 1909–1997) —Soviet Uzbek writer , poet , playwright , public figure. People's Writer of the UzSSR ( 1959 ). Hero of Socialist Labor ( 1974 ). Winner of the Stalin Prize of the third degree ( 1951 ). Member of the CPSU (b) since 1943 .
|Birth name||Camille Nugmanov|
|Date of Birth||December 12 (25) 1909|
|Place of Birth||Andijan , Fergana region (Russian Empire)|
|Date of death||September 25, 1997 (87 years)|
|Place of death|
|Citizenship|| USSR → |
|Occupation||prose writer , playwright , poet|
|Years of creativity||1930–1997|
|Genre||novel , play , poem|
|Language of Works||Uzbek|
Kamil Nugmanov was born on December 12 ( 25 ), 1909 in Andijan (now Uzbekistan ). After graduating from high school, he studied at the Leningrad Forest Institute, but after three years, due to illness, he was forced to return to Andijan. Here Yashen taught in high school literature and physics for several years.
In 1930–1936, Kamil Yashen was in charge of the literary part of the Uzbek State Musical Theater. During this period, he wrote the plays “Comrades” (1930), “We Will Burn” (1931), “Honor and Love” (1935) and in collaboration with M. Mukhamedov the musical drama “Gulsara” (1935).
In the pre-war years, Kamil Yashen wrote the libretto for the first Uzbek national operas “Buran” and “The Grand Channel”, the play “Hamza” in collaboration with Amin Umari, the musical drama “Nurkhon” and the screenplay “Asal”. During the Second World War, Camille Yashen wrote the play Death to the Occupants, General Rakhimov and the musical drama Oftobhon.
The pieces by Hamza Hakimzade Niyazi “Secrets of the burqa”, “Bai and Batrac”, and also the work of Alisher Navoi “Farhad and Shirin” that were revised by Yashen for the stage, were put on the stage of the theaters of Uzbekistan with great success.
The best works of Kamil Yashen are considered the play “Hamza” and the play “General Rakhimov”.
Kamil Yashen from 1958 was the chairman of the JV of Uzbekistan, which he led until 1980. From 1969 to 1980, he was also the editor-in-chief of the journal “Kazbek tili va adabiyoti” (“Uzbek language and literature”).
Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek SSR (1969). Deputy of the USSR Supreme Council 7-10 convocations (1966-1984). Secretary of the Board of the USSR JV (1959).
Awards and prizes
- Hero of Socialist Labor (09/27/1974)
- 3 orders of Lenin (03/18/1959; 1/16/1970; 09/27/1974)
- Order of the October Revolution (12/29/1979)
- 3 Orders of the Red Banner of Labor (01/16/1950; 12/06/1951; 1.03.1965)
- Order of Friendship of Peoples (11/16/1984)
- 3 orders "Badge of Honor" (05/31/1937; 03/24/1945; 01/11/1957)
- national writer of the Uzbek SSR (1969)
- Honored Artist of the Uzbek SSR (1939)
- Stalin Prize of the third degree (1951) - for the musical drama "Gulsara", staged on the stage of BUZHATOB
- State Prize of the Uzbek SSR named after Khamza (1958) - for the play “Guiding Star”
First of all, Yashen is known as the author of the musical drama " Gulsara " (together with M. Mukhammedov, 1934 ), the drama " General Rakhimov " ( 1949 ), " Guiding Star " ( 1958 ), "The Dawn of the Revolution " ( 1972 ), the novel " Hamza " (Vol. 1-2, 1979-80).
He is the author of many poems.
He was married to People's Artist of the USSR Khalime Nasyrova .
In the 52nd issue of the Magazine “Spark”, in 1979, an interview with Kamil Yashen was published, entitled “I participated in my era”. The interview was dedicated to the 70th birthday of the writer.
- Yashen, Camille // Elokventia - Yaya. - M .: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1957. - P. 674. - ( Great Soviet Encyclopedia : [in 51 t.] / Ed. B.A. Vvedensky ; 1949-1958, t. 49).
Anton Bocharov. Yashen, Camille . The site " Heroes of the country ." The appeal date is July 31, 2016.