The South Kuril region is an administrative-territorial unit ( district )  , within the boundaries of which, instead of the abolished same-named municipal district , the municipality of the South Kuril urban district  in the Sakhalin region of Russia is formed .
|district  / city district |
|South Kuril region|
(South Kuril city district)
|Included in||Sakhalin Oblast|
|Head of the municipality||Solomko Vasily Dmitrievich|
|History and Geography|
|Date of formation||June 15, 1946|
|Square||1856.09  km²|
|Timezone||MSK + 8 ( UTC + 11 )|
|Population||↗ 11,817  people ( 2019 )|
|Density||6.37 people / km²|
The administrative center is the village of Yuzhno-Kurilsk .
The South Kuril region belongs to the Far North  , although the average annual temperature here corresponds to Moscow (+5 ° C), and the average January temperature is -5 ° C.
It is located on the island of Kunashir of the Great Kuril ridge and the islands of the Lesser Kuril ridge . The region has preserved unspoiled nature with unique representatives of flora and fauna, but poor infrastructure and the remoteness of the region from civilization impede the development of tourism . There are plans to attract tourists  .
The South Kuril region (urban district) has sea borders in the north with the Kuril region (urban district) , and in the south it borders Japan with the sea.
On June 5, 1946, the South Kuril region was formed as part of the South Sakhalin region of the Khabarovsk Territory . On January 2, 1947, the Yuzhno-Sakhalin Region was liquidated; its territory was included in the Sakhalin Region , which was withdrawn from the Khabarovsk Territory . In June 2006, the South Kuril region was transformed into the municipality of the South Kuril City District . The territory of the district is the subject of a territorial dispute between Russia and Japan. Japan still includes it in the Nemuro district of Hokkaido  .
The South Kuril urban district is superior in population to the Kuril and North Kuril urban districts, and the urban-type settlement Yuzhno-Kurilsk is the largest settlement on the Kuril Islands . Relatively mild climate, abundance of natural resources and important military-strategic importance contribute to the fact that the region attracts a large number of migrants, successfully competing with the regional center itself  . The natural population growth in 2017 and 2018 was also positive and tended to increase  .
|1959 ||1970 ||1979 ||1989 ||2002 ||2009 |
|5443||↗ 7229||↗ 11 608||↗ 13 597||↘ 9727||↗ 10 189|
|2010 ||2011 ||2012 ||2013 ||2014 ||2015 |
|↘ 9501||↗ 9514||↗ 9988||↗ 10 268||↗ 10 872||↗ 10 922|
|2016 ||2017 ||2018 ||2019 |
|↘ 10 734||↗ 11,250||↗ 11 601||↗ 11 817|
In urban conditions (urban settlement Yuzhno-Kurilsk ), 66.54% of the population of the region live.
The composition of the urban district
The structure of the urban district includes 10 settlements  :
|No.||Locality||Type of settlement||Population||Isle|
|one||Drilling Ore||village||→ 0 ||Kunashir|
|2||Golovnino||village||↘ 102 ||Kunashir|
|3||Oak||village||↗ 565 ||Kunashir|
|four||Outpost Dokuchaev||village||→ 0 ||Kunashir|
|five||Krabozavodskoye||village||↘ 947 ||Shikotan|
|6||Malokurilskoe||village||↘ 1873 ||Shikotan|
|7||Lighthouse Lovtsova||village||→ 0 ||Kunashir|
|eight||Mendeleevo||village||↘ 40 ||Kunashir|
|9||Joy||village||↘ 142 ||Kunashir|
|ten||Yuzhno-Kurilsk||urban-type settlement, administrative center||↗ 7863 ||Kunashir|
The main types of economic activities are forestry, woodworking, fishing , meat and dairy farming . The population of the district is mainly employed in industries such as fishing and manufacturing. The average monthly salary amounted to 65.2 thousand rubles at the beginning of 2018. Pension 23.3 thousand rubles at the beginning of 2019.
In 2018, the sown area of the district occupied 16 hectares of land, mainly potatoes are grown here, the harvest of which amounted to 119 tons in 2016. There are also small farms that grow cows and pigs. In 2016, 540 tons of milk were produced. 
- from the point of view of the administrative-territorial structure
- from the point of view of the municipal structure
- Sakhalin region. The total land area of the municipality
- Estimation of the population in the context of municipalities as of 01.01.2019 and the average annual rate for 2018 . Territorial authority of the Federal State Statistics Service for the Sakhalin Region (April 22, 2019). Date of treatment April 25, 2019. Archived April 25, 2019.
- Law of the Sakhalin Region "On the administrative-territorial structure of the Sakhalin Region" No. 25-ЗО of March 23, 2011
- Charter of the municipality of South Kuril city district
- List of regions of the Far North and equivalent localities
- South Kuril region of Sakhalin will be ready for mass tourist reception by 2010
- 支 庁 制度 に つ い て (Japanese) (inaccessible link) . Hokkaido Prefecture Administration. - Decree of the Representative Office of Hokkaido Prefecture No. 44 of September 27, 1948. Date of treatment August 17, 2010. Archived July 31, 2010.
- Almost 22.5 thousand islanders left Sakhalin and the Kuril during the year
- 1959 All-Union Census of the Population . Date of treatment October 10, 2013. Archived October 10, 2013.
- 1970 All-Union Census. The current population of cities, urban-type settlements, districts, and regional centers of the USSR according to the census as of January 15, 1970, in the republics, territories, and regions . Date of treatment October 14, 2013. Archived October 14, 2013.
- All-Union Census of 1979
- All-Union Population Census of 1989 . Archived August 23, 2011.
- 2002 All-Russian Population Census. Tom. 1, table 4. The population of Russia, federal districts, constituent entities of the Russian Federation, regions, urban settlements, rural settlements - district centers and rural settlements with a population of 3 thousand or more . Archived February 3, 2012.
- The number of permanent population of the Russian Federation by cities, urban-type settlements and regions as of January 1, 2009 . Date of treatment January 2, 2014. Archived January 2, 2014.
- All-Russian Population Census 2010. Sakhalin region. The population of urban districts, municipalities, urban and rural settlements, urban settlements, rural settlements . Date of treatment July 28, 2014. Archived July 28, 2014.
- Sakhalin region. Estimated resident population as of January 1, 2011-2016
- Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities. Table 35. Estimated resident population as of January 1, 2012 . Date of treatment May 31, 2014. Archived May 31, 2014.
- The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2013. - M.: Federal State Statistics Service of Rosstat, 2013. - 528 p. (Table 33. The population of urban districts, municipalities, urban and rural settlements, urban settlements, rural settlements) . Date of treatment November 16, 2013. Archived November 16, 2013.
- Table 33. The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2014 . Date of treatment August 2, 2014. Archived on August 2, 2014.
- The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2015 . Date of treatment August 6, 2015. Archived on August 6, 2015.
- Population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2016
- The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2017 (July 31, 2017). Date of treatment July 31, 2017. Archived July 31, 2017.
- The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of January 1, 2018 . Date of treatment July 25, 2018. Archived July 26, 2018.
- Law of the Sakhalin Region dated December 7, 2009 No. 105-ЗО “On Amending the Law of the Sakhalin Region“ On the Borders and Status of Municipalities in the Sakhalin Region ”” (Unavailable link) . Date of treatment June 21, 2010. Archived March 10, 2012.
- Kremlin responded to reports of Abe’s promise not to let US base on the Kuril Islands - Vedomosti