Panteleimon Sergeevich Romanov ( July 12 , 1884 , Petrovskoye of the Odoevsky district of the Tula province - April 8, 1938 , Moscow ) - Russian Soviet prose writer and playwright.
|Panteleimon Sergeevich Romanov|
|Date of Birth||July 12 (24), 1884|
|Place of Birth||Petrovskoye, Odoevsky district, Tula province|
|Date of death||April 8, 1938 (53 years old)|
|Place of death||Moscow|
|Citizenship||Russian Empire , RSFSR, USSR|
|Years of creativity||1909-1938|
|Genre||novel, novel, story, play, essay|
|Language of Works|
|Debut||"Father Fedor" (story)|
|Artworks on the site Lib.ru|
He came from impoverished hereditary nobles, his father was a descendant of serfs. He began to study at the city school. V. A. Zhukovsky in the county town of Belev, Tula province , then entered the Tula gymnasium , in which he spent eight years  . Then he entered the law faculty of Moscow University , but instead of studying, he worked in his native village and engaged in self-education and writing; early publications (stories and essays) in Russian Thought and Russian Vedomosti (1911-1917) provoked a sympathetic (with a number of remarks) reaction from Gorky and Korolenko ; in 1918 he published articles about the village critical of Bolshevism in the New Life newspaper. During the First World War he served in Petrograd (was not subject to appeal for health), since 1920 in Moscow.
Since 1919, married to ballerina Antonina Mikhailovna Shalomytova  .
He gained fame in the early 1920s as a writer and performer of his own works; had an extraordinary talent as a reader and actor, and with great success spoke to the public. Then his main work began to be created, excerpts from which Romanov invariably included in his oral performances - the novel "Rus" (6 parts, 1923-1936; not finished). This is an epic about homestead life in Russia on the eve of and during the First World War, with paintings from the lives of gentlemen and men. “Rus” caused controversial reviews from critics, most reviewers noted the fragmentary nature of the plot and masterfully written out individual characters and dialogues. With great success, he worked as a teacher in the children's colony named after Lunacharsky. He wrote the story "Childhood" (1924) about the noble life in the estate with the eyes of a child; It was highly appreciated by G.V. Adamovich .
In the mid-1920s he became close to the literary society Nikitinsky Subbotniks, wrote popular plays (Earthquake, Woman of the New Earth), which caused Mayakovsky’s political attack (1929) in a poem with the characteristic name “The Face of the Class Enemy”; this “enemy” allegedly “dreams of seeing Romanov” and “gives a social order for Bulgakov’s Days of the Turbins ”.
He wrote a large number of short stories that for a long time did not rise above the sketches painted from light of irony from the nature of Soviet life; however, in the second half of the 1920s he spoke with a number of socially and politically sensitive stories: “Without bird cherry” ( 1926 ), “The trial of the pioneer”, “The right to life, or the problem of non-partisanship” ( 1927 ). The story "Without bird cherry", depicting the love life of proletarian youth, low ideas of "new, Soviet people" about morality - made the author an all-Russian celebrity, his name became a saying, was translated into several languages. Panteleimon Romanov’s satirical novels “New Tablet” (1928), “Comrade Kislyakov” (1930), “Property” (1933), depicting the philistinism of Soviet life, the adaptability of intellectuals and writers, are in the same vein. Throughout this period, Romanov was harassed by systematic harassment of Soviet criticism, which saw in his writings a continuous slander and slander, but he basically did not want to give up. Roman satirist substantiated his position in a speech at the First Congress of Soviet Writers ( 1934 ).
In 1937, Panteleimon Romanov suffered a heart attack, died of leukemia in the Kremlin hospital, and was buried in the Novodevichy cemetery . The combination of the date of his death - 1938 - with the fact of his persecution in the 1920-1930s caused erroneous allegations in a number of publications of the 1980s. that he was allegedly repressed .
- Russia. Part 1. - M .: Edition of M. and S. Sabashnikovs; hours 1-3. - L .: Surf, 1926 / h. 5-6. - L .: GIHL, 1936; Riga: Gramatu Draugs, 1927 (all parts)
- Three whales. - M .: GIZ, 1924
- Earthquake: Comedy. - M.: Moscow Theater Publishing House, 1925, 1926
- Strong people. - M.: Searchlight, 1925
- Russian soul. - M.: Proletarian, 1925
- Stories. - M.: Publishing. "Peasant newspaper", 1925
- Stories. - M.: Moscow Worker, 1925, 1926
- New stories. - M.: Moscow Worker, 1926 .-- 112 p.
- Gender issues. - L .: Surf, 1926
- Nut. - L .: Surf, 1926
- Tales of love. - L .: Surf, 1925, 1926
- Humorous stories. - M.: Spark, 1926
- Stories. - M.-L.: Hippo, 1926
- The promised land. - M .: Nedra, 1926
- Brownie. - M .: Land and factory, 1926
- Black cakes. - M .: Nedra, 1926, 1928
- Stories. - M.: Ogonyok, 1927 .-- 56 p.
- New stories. - M .: Ogonyok, 1927 .-- 44 p.
- Without bird cherry. - 1927 (?)
- Stories. - Riga: Literature, 1927
- Incomprehensible phenomenon. - M., 1927
- The right to life, or the problem of non-partisanship. - M .: Young Guard, 1927
- From the writer's notebook (Thoughts on Art) // Morning: Sat., 1927
- About myself, about criticism and other things // 30 days. - No. 6
- Gender issues. - Riga: Literature, 1928
- New tablet. - Riga: Literature, 1928; 4th ed. - 1930
- Comrade Kislyakov // Subsoil. - 1930. - No. 18;
- Three pairs of silk stockings. - Riga: Life and Culture ”, 1930; Berlin: Book and Stage, 1931
- Confusion. - M.: Moscow Association of Writers, 1932
- Own. - M.-L.: GIHL, 1933 .-- 296 p. —10,000 copies.
- Stories. - M .: Soviet literature, 1934
- Stories. - M., 1935
- About the children: Traveling notes of the writer // New World. - 1936. - No. 1
- New People: Essays // New World. - 1936. - No. 3
- Favorites. - M., 1939
- Collected Works in 7 vols. - M.: Nikitinsky Subbotniks , 1925-1927.
- Complete works in 12 vols. - M.: Nedra , 1928-1929.
- 2nd ed. - 1929-1930 (the 9th volume did not appear).
- Childhood. - Tula: Prioksky Book Publishing House , 1984.
- Selected works. - M .: Fiction , 1988. - ISBN 5-280-00084-1
- Black cakes. - M .: Sovremennik , 1988. - ISBN 5-270-00159-4
- Bright dreams. Novel, stories. - M .: Moscow Worker , 1990. - ISBN 5-239-00581-8
- Without bird cherry. - M .: True , 1990. - ISBN 5-253-00001-1
- Tales and stories. - M .: Fiction, 1990. - ISBN 5-280-01121-5
- Stories. - M .: Pravda, 1991. - (Library of satire and humor) - ISBN 5-253-00375-4
- Russia. T. 1-2. - M.: Friendship of Peoples , 1991. - ISBN 5-285-00125-0
- Apple blossom. - M .: Soviet Russia , 1991. - ISBN 5-268-01239-8
- Anthology of satire and humor of Russia of the XX century. Volume 34. - M .: Eksmo , 2004. - ISBN 5-699-07957-2 ; 5-04-003950-6
- The science of vision. - M .: Coincidence , 2007. - ISBN 978-5-903060-19-1
- Unconscious herd. - SPb .: Leonardo , 2012. - ISBN 978-5-91962-016-7
- Without bird cherry. - M .: Terra , 2016 .-- ISBN 978-5-4224-1134-4
The story “The Horses of the English King” (presumable year of writing 1937) was first published on the manuscript in 1990  .
- 1994 - Enchanted
Solzhenitsyn A.I. P. Romanov - the stories of the Soviet years // New World. - 1999. - No. 7.
- (Russian) Gattinger, Anna. Literary Heritage of Panteleymon Romanov, 1883-1938 (Master of Arts thesis) ( Archive ). University of British Columbia , 1966. See profile at UBC . See profile at Google Books .