Suvorov Military School ( IED ) is a specialized military educational institution for school-age youth.
Admission to the Russian Suvorov military schools is exclusively for males   (in 2009-2014, girls also studied at the Yekaterinburg Suvorov Military School  ). The Suvorov Military School provides secondary school education and at the same time prepares its pupils for admission to higher military schools of the Armed Forces. Students at the Suvorov Military School and their graduates are called Suvorovites.
Suvorov military schools were created during the Great Patriotic War in accordance with the Decree of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR No. 901 of August 21, 1943 "On urgent measures to restore the economy in areas liberated from German occupation."
Then they got their name in honor of the Russian commander Generalissimo Alexander Vasilievich Suvorov   . The initiator of their creation was Lieutenant General Alexei Ignatiev , who addressed a letter to I.V. Stalin on April 17, 1943: he proposed, in the form of experience, to create one cadet corps in Moscow. Stalin made 2 amendments: schools were named Suvorov; and 9 schools were created at once.
In 1943, 11 schools were opened: Krasnodar (in Maykop ), Novocherkassk, Stalingrad (in Astrakhan ), Voronezh, Kharkov (in Chuguev ), Kursk, Kalinin, Orlovsk (in Yelets ), Stavropol, Tashkent , Kutaisi (the last two are NKVD schools , later - the Ministry of Internal Affairs , for the children of border guards); in 1944 - 6 schools: Kazan, Kuibyshev, Gorky, Saratov, Tambov, Tula, in 1953 - Minsk, in 1955 - Leningrad  .
In 1975, there were 8 schools in the USSR : Kazan, Kalinin, Kiev (formerly Kharkov), Leningrad, Minsk, Moscow (formerly Gorky), Sverdlovsk and Ussuri (formerly Kursk).
On May 12, 1991, draft resolutions of the Cabinet of Ministers of the USSR on the creation of the Ulyanovsk and Bishkek Suvorov Military Schools  were prepared. The reorganization of the Ulyanovsk Guards Higher Tank Command twice the Red Banner, the Order of the Red Star of the School named after V.I. Lenin to the Ulyanovsk Guards Suvorov Military Double Red Banner, the Order of the Red Star School was completed in 1991. The Bishkek Suvorov Military School was not created in connection with the collapse of the USSR .
Order of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation No. 437 of October 2, 2007 amended the Order of the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation No. 25 of January 15, 2001 on the Suvorov military, Nakhimov naval, military music schools and cadet, naval cadet, musical cadet corps of the Ministry of Defense Of Russia. The main change is the clarification of their subordination.
According to the new order, directly subordinate:
● Kazan Suvorov Military School - to the Chief of Logistics of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation - Deputy Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation;
● Military-technical cadet corps - to the head of the Housing and Armed Forces Service of the RF Ministry of Defense;
● Nakhimov Naval School and Kronstadt Naval Cadet Corps - to the Commander- in-Chief of the Navy ;
● Yekaterinburg, Moscow, St. Petersburg, North Caucasus, Ussuriysk Suvorov military schools and the Omsk cadet corps - the commander of the troops of the military districts in whose territory they are deployed;
● Tver Suvorov Military School - to the commander of the Strategic Missile Forces ;
● Ulyanovsk Suvorov Military School - to the commander of the Airborne Troops ;
● Military Space Cadet Corps - to the commander of the Space Forces ;
● Cadet Corps of the Railway Troops - to the Commander of the Railway Troops ;
● St. Petersburg Cadet Missile and Artillery Corps - to the chief of missile forces and artillery;
● Cadet Corps of Radio Electronics - to the Chief of Communications of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation - Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation ;
● Moscow Military Music School - to the head of the Military Orchestra Service of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation - the main military conductor.
In 2016, 9 Suvorov military schools operate on the territory of the Russian Federation  .
- In 1946, the Stalingrad IED was relocated to the city of Chkalov (now Orenburg ); The Kutaisi IED of the Ministry of Internal Affairs was relocated to Leningrad and named the Leningrad IED of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (disbanded in 1960 ).
- In 1947, the Krasnodar IED was redeployed to the city of Dzaudzhikau (from 1954 - Ordzhonikidze , from 1990 - Vladikavkaz ) and named the North Caucasian IED; Kharkov IEDs relocated to Kiev and named Kiev IEDs.
- In 1947, the Oryol IED was relocated to the city of Sverdlovsk and named the Sverdlovsk IED; North Caucasian IEDs were transformed into the Caucasian Red Banner IEDs.
- In 1953, the Minsk IED was formed.
- In 1955, the Leningrad Suvorov Military Officer twice Red Banner School was formed.
- In 1956, the Gorky IED was relocated to Moscow and named the Moscow IED.
- In 1957, the Kursk IED was relocated to the city of Voroshilov-Ussuriysky of the Primorsky Territory and named the Far Eastern IED; The Stalingrad IED was renamed the Chkalov IED.
- In 1958, the Chkalovsk IED was renamed the Orenburg IED.
- In the period from 1960 to 1964, 8 IEDs were closed: Saratov, Tambov, Tula, Orenburg, Stavropol, Novocherkassk, Kuibyshev and Voronezh, as well as 2 IEDs of the Ministry of Internal Affairs: Leningrad and Tashkent.
- In 1964, the Far Eastern IED was renamed the Ussuri IED.
- In 1965, the Caucasian Red Banner IED was renamed the Ordzhonikidze IED.
- In 1968, the Ordzhonikidze IED was disbanded.
- In 2000, the North Caucasian IED was revived on the basis of the Ordzhonikidze IED in Vladikavkaz .
- In 2009, the Police School in Yelabuga was transformed into IED of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
- In 2015, the Perm Suvorov Military School was opened.
- In 2015, the Irkutsk IED was opened on the basis of the former Irkutsk Higher Military Aviation Engineering School.
- In March 2016, Russian President Vladimir Putin decided to revive the Tula Suvorov Military School . The new school year began on September 1, 2016  .
List of Schools
For 2016 in the Russian Federation there are 20 Suvorov military schools and the Nakhimov naval school (including the Moscow military music school)  . They are part of a network of pre-university educational institutions of the Ministry of Defense of Russia, which also includes presidential cadet schools and cadet military corps; 3 schools for gifted children - Engineering School of the Air Force Academy named after N. A. Zhukovsky and Yu. A. Gagarin, School of IT Technologies of the Military Academy of Communications named after S. M. Budenny and Sports School of the Military Institute of Physical Culture  .
|Name of the VCA||Abbreviated|
|Astrakhan IED of the Ministry of Internal Affairs||ASVU||effective since 2009|
|Voronezh IED||VzhSVU||1943 - 1963 years|
|Yekaterinburg IED||EKSVU||Oryol (OrSVU) → Sverdlovsk (SVSVU) → Yekaterinburg (EKSVU)||acting|
|Kuibyshev IED||KBSUU||1943 - 1964|
|Leningrad IED of the Ministry of Internal Affairs , St. Petersburg Suvorov Military School of the Ministry of Internal Affairs||LNSVU||Kutaisi (KtSVU) Ministry of Internal Affairs||1943 - 1960|
|Moscow IED||MsSVU||Gorky (GRSVU)||acting|
|Moscow Military Music College||MSVMU||Moscow VMU (MSVMU)||operating since 1937|
|Novocherkassk IED||NSVU||1943 - 1962|
|North Caucasian IED||SKSVU||Krasnodar (CDSUU) → North Caucasus (SKSVU) → |
Caucasian Red Banner (KvSVU) →
|St. Petersburg IED||SPbSVU||Leningradskoe (LsSVU)||acting|
|Perm IED||PSVU||effective since 2014|
|Saratov IED||SvSVU||1944 - 1960|
|Stavropol IED||STSVU||1943 - 1962|
|Stalingrad IED||SgSVU||1943 - 1961|
|Tambov IED||Tsvu||1944 - 1960|
|Tver IED||TVSVU||Kalinin (KlSVU)||acting|
|Tula IED||TLSVU||1944 - 1960 ;|
effective since 2016
|Ussuri IED||USVU||Kursk (KsSVU) → Far East (DVSVU)||acting|
|Name of the VCA||Abbreviated|
|Name of the VCA||Abbreviated|
|Tashkent IED||TshSVU||1943 - 1960|
|Name of the VCA||Abbreviated|
|Kiev IED||KvSVU||Kharkov (KhrSVU)||acting|
( Kiev Military Lyceum
named after Ivan Bogun )
|Name of the VCA||Abbreviated|
|Tiraspol IED ||TrSVU||2017 - present vr.|
Republican special boarding schools with in-depth study of the Russian language and enhanced military-physical training . They were created in the early 1980s, subordinate to the Ministry of Education of the USSR. They had a 3-year period of study (in contrast to the then IEDs, where the course of study was 2 years). Pupils wore uniforms of VCA (difference in inscriptions on uniform: secondary school instead of VCA ).
The task of the RSHI was to train future officers from among the national cadres. A distinctive feature of the acquisition of military schools during the Soviet era was the order list , requiring universities to accept a certain number of people of non-titular nationality. Sometimes, knowledge of the Russian language and general education of the latter left much to be desired. .
In the military environment, they were called “special spirits”, and their graduates - “specialists”.
Existed in the following cities:
- Alma-Ata since 1983 , Almaty Republican Military School named after Hero of the Soviet Union Baurzhan Momyshuly.
- Ashgabat , Republican general specialized specialized boarding school
- Karaganda , Karaganda Republican Military Special Boarding School
- Krivoy Rog
- Tbilisi ,
- Tashauz ,
- Cherkessk ,
- Shimkent .
Special boarding schools with initial flight training (uniform similar to other RCSI, differences are blue stripes and piping, a blue cap of a cap, on the front uniform and overcoat - sleeve insignia of aviation). Located in the following cities:
- Yeysk (at the Yeysk VVAUL ),
- Barnaul (at the Barnaul VVAUL , now BSSI with preflight training).
In the Russian Federation, there were special boarding schools in Akhtubinsk , Barnaul , Yeysk , Neklinovsky district .
After the collapse of the USSR , some (Lviv RSHI was transformed into the Lviv State Lyceum with enhanced military-physical training named after Heroes of Krut), currently http://ldvl.at.ua) , Riga RSHI) were closed, the rest became military lyceums of the countries CIS , under the auspices of the ministries of defense .
- Suvorov Military School of the Ministry of Internal Affairs
- Nakhimov naval school
- Pride of the Cadet Brotherhood / N.Z. Kunts . - Moscow, 2010 .-- 751 s.
- Domank A. S. Signs of military prowess. - 2nd ed., Revised and add. - M .: Patriot, 1990 .-- 134 with 20 liters of ill.
- Rules for admission to military schools »May 9 .RU - Victory Day . www.9maya.ru. Date accessed August 26, 2019.
- Admission to Suvorov schools and cadet corps will go according to the new rules . Russian newspaper. Date accessed August 26, 2019.
- First and last girls. 12 beauties graduated from the Yekaterinburg Suvorov Military School this year
- History of the emergence of schools - Suvorov Military School . www.svu.ru. Date accessed August 26, 2019.
- Brief Cadet Military History Dictionary / Comp. A.N. Shishkov, A.A. Kovalev. - M .: OLMA Media Group, 2007 .-- S. 290. - 495 p. - 2000 copies. - ISBN 978-5-373-01336-9 .
- First set - Suvorov Military School . www.svu.ru. Date accessed August 26, 2019.
- RESOLUTION of the Cabinet of Ministers of the USSR of 11.07.1991 N 463 - Now.ru . www.lawmix.ru. Date accessed August 26, 2019.
- Average total . Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation . ens.mil.ru. Date accessed August 26, 2019.
- Minister of Defense Army General Sergei Shoigu held a conference call with the leadership of the Armed Forces . Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation . Date accessed August 26, 2019.
- Moscow Military Music College named after Lieutenant General V.M. Khalilova
- State Secretary - Deputy Minister of Defense of Russia handed certificates to graduates of pre-university Moscow military schools . Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation . function.mil.ru. Date accessed August 26, 2019.
- A new stage in the revival of the glorious traditions of Russian officers: The Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the PMR solemnly opened the Tiraspol Suvorov Military School . president.gospmr.org. Date of treatment September 4, 2017.
- Wikimedia Commons has media related to the Suvorov Military School
- Leshin G. M. Creation in the Soviet Union of a network of Suvorov military schools
- Website about Minsk IED and Cadet Corps of Imperial Russia
- VCA website