Count Ivan Vasilyevich Manteifel ( 1771 - 1813 ) - Russian commander of the Napoleonic Wars , major general of the Russian imperial army.
|Ivan Vasilyevich Manteifel|
|him. Gotthard Johann Graf von Manteuffel gennant Zoege|
Portrait of Ivan Vasilyevich Manteifel
workshop  of George Dow . Military Gallery of the Winter Palace , State Hermitage Museum ( St. Petersburg )
|Date of Birth||June 10, 1771|
|Place of Birth||Metzkull Manor on Fr. Ezel in the Livonia province|
|Date of death||October 9, 1813 (42 years old)|
|Years of service||1791 - 1813|
|Battles / wars|
|Awards and prizes||Orders: George of the 3rd class., St. Anna of the 1st st. with diamonds, Vladimir 3rd art.; gold sword “for courage” with diamonds|
Ivan Vasilievich Manteifel was born on June 10, 1771, according to the archives he came from the " German Reich Counts " Tsege-von-Manteifeli . Father is the actual state councilor Count Ludwig Wilhelm Tsege-von-Manteuffel (April 9, 1726–3 January 1792), his mother is Julian Eleanor Minich (April 30, 1749–7 December 1824), the daughter of a Russian politician, diplomat Johann Ernst Minich .
On August 16, 1783 he was admitted to the Life Guards Preobrazhensky Regiment with the rank of sergeant. January 1, 1791 he received the rank of Cornet in the Equestrian Life Guard Regiment . In 1794, Prime Minister participated in Polish events as part of the Ukrainian light-regiment.
Since March 26, 1799 - Colonel . Since the end of May 1803, for 4 months, he has temporarily acted as commander of Her Majesty Ulan’s Life Guards Regiment ; then he served in it until his appointment as chief of the St. Petersburg Dragoon Regiment in 1807.
For the Battle of Austerlitz he was awarded (May 12, 1806) the Order of St. George, 4th class
|In retaliation for the excellent courage and courage shown in the battle of Austerlitz on November 20 against the French troops, where, after the capture of the regiment commander, he commanded the regiment and seeing that the enemy’s intention was to cut off the right flank near the standing infantry from the middle of the convoy, he managed to keep the enemy cavalry with detached reinforcements , then, together with the Tver dragoon regiment, attacking the enemy cavalry regiments, knocked over with a lot of loss and forced them to retire in disarray, after which they were seconded for cover Tii Caesar artillery resisted the enemy attacks and defended it.|
With the St. Petersburg Dragoon Regiment, he fought against the French troops and for the battle near Friedland , where he was wounded, received on May 20, 1808 another order of St. George - 3rd class (No. 185)
|In retaliation for the excellent courage and courage shown in the battle against the French troops on May 28 when defending the crossing in Gutstadt, where, with the St. Petersburg Dragoon Regiment, he attacked the more powerful enemy shooters, cut them down and when the enemy re-occupied them abandoned bivouacs, attacked, in spite of their advantageous position and exterminated them, then hit the enemy cavalry and chopped it up and scattered it, and then, covering up the batteries of Colonel Ermolov, who was operating under strong fire, he did not give up his place but.|
In the Russian-Turkish war he participated already in the rank of major general, was repeatedly noted by the command.
Ivan Vasilyevich Manteifel took an active part in the Patriotic War of 1812 and a foreign campaign, during which, during the Battle of the Peoples, he was mortally wounded and died on October 9, 1813.
His widow, Ekaterina Nikolaevna, nee Zalesskaya, married another military general, Count A.I. Gudovich , who was raised by her daughter from her first marriage, Ernestina Manteifel, who inherited Polivanovo estate near Moscow. Ernestine’s husband was Sergei Dokhturov, the son of General D.S. Dokhturov .
- State Hermitage Museum. Western European painting. Catalog / Ed. V. F. Levinson-Lessing; ed. A. E. Krol , K. M. Semenova. - 2nd edition, revised and supplemented. - L .: Art, 1981. - T. 2. - P. 258, cat. No. 7947. - 360 p.
- Dictionary of Russian generals, participants in the hostilities against the army of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1812-1815. // Russian archive. The history of the Fatherland in the evidence and documents of the XVIII — XX centuries. : Collection. - M .: TRITE studio N. Mikhalkova , 1996. - T. VII . - S. 464 . - ISSN 0869-20011 . (Comm. A. A. Podmazo )