Caesalpinia ( lat. Caesalpínia ) - a genus of plants of the legume family ( Fabaceae ). Includes over 150 species  growing in warm regions of both hemispheres.
Caesalpinia pulcherrima - one of the most decorative species of the genus Caesalpinia
|International scientific name|
Caesalpinia [ Plum. ] L. (1753)
Caesalpinia brasiliensis L. 
(= Caesalpinia violacea ( Mill. ) Standl. )
- 1 Name
- 2 Biological Description
- 3 Use
- 4 Views
- 5 notes
- 6 Literature
- 7 See also
The genus was named by Charles Plumier  in 1703 in honor of Andrea Cesalpino ( Italian: Andrea Caesalpini , 1524-1603), Italian botanist and philosopher , later this name was used by Carl Linnaeus . According to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, the scientific names of plants published before May 1, 1753 are not considered truly published and formally the author of the name is Linnaeus.
The synonyms of the genus include the following names:
- Biancaea Tod.
- Brasilettia ( DC. ) Kuntze
- Denisophytum R. Vig.
- Poinciana L.
- Ticanto Adans.
Representatives of the genus are trees and shrubs , sometimes creepers (climbing shrubs ), often prickly, with bicercid leaves .
The flowers are yellow or red, rather large, in the hands . Calyx with five lobes, of which the lower one is concave and usually larger than the others; five petals , almost equal or upper finer than the others; ten stamens free; ovary sessile.
Fruit - a bean , leathery, flat or swollen, revealing or not revealing.
The wood of some types of Caesalpinia was previously used as raw material for obtaining red dye, and the plants themselves were called dyeing mahogany : this is Caesalpinia echinata Lam. ( Brazil ), Caesalpinia crista L. and Caesalpinia bijuga Sw. ( West Indies ), Caesalpinia sepiaria Roxb. ( India and the Malay archipelago ).
Caesalpinia bonducella ( L. ) Roxb. ( tropics of both hemispheres) contains, mainly in seeds, a bitter anti- fever remedy (the pharmaceutical name is Nuces bonducellae ).
Dividivi beans ( Caesalpinia coriaria ) are used for tanning and preparing black paint.
As early as 1193, a dyeing tree called brasil or bresil was received from India. Brazil got its name from the wealth of the dyeing tree.
According to the database of The Plant List (2013), the genus includes 162 species  . Some of them:
- Caesalpinia bonduc ( L. ) Roxb. - Cesalpinia bonduk
- Caesalpinia coriaria ( Jacq. ) Willd. - Caesalpinia tannin
- Caesalpinia echinata Lam. - Caesalpinia hedgehog
- Caesalpinia violacea ( Mill. ) Standl. [syn. Caesalpinia brasiliensis L. typus  ]
- For the conventionality of indicating the class of dicotyledons as a superior taxon for the plant group described in this article, see the APG Systems section of the Dicotyledonous article .
- Information about the genus Caesalpinia (English) in the Index Nominum Genericorum database of the International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) . (Retrieved April 16, 2017)
- Caesalpinia . The Plant List . Version 1.1. (2013). Date of appeal April 16, 2017.
- " Nova plantarum americanarum genera " (lat.) , Leiden, 1703, p. 28.
- Cesalpinia // Frankfurt - Chaga. - M .: Soviet Encyclopedia, 1978. - ( Great Soviet Encyclopedia : [in 30 vol.] / Ch. Ed. A. M. Prokhorov ; 1969-1978, vol. 28).
- Caesalpinia // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Natural organic paints // Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary : in 86 volumes (82 volumes and 4 additional). - SPb. , 1890-1907.
- Hedgehog Cesalpinia