Isaac Mordekhaevich (Markovich) Sultan ( 1828 , Lutsk - 1899 , Bakhchisaray ) - a Karaite scholar , teacher and preacher .
|Isaac Mordekhaevich Sultansky|
|1894 - 1899|
|Predecessor||Yufuda Solomonovich Hadji Uzun|
|1889 - 1894|
|Predecessor||Ilya Kalevich Sinani|
|Successor||Yufuda Shelumievich Bezekovich|
|1869 - 1889|
|Successor||Tovia Simovich Levi-Babovich|
|1859 - 1863|
|Predecessor||Aaron Avraamovich Alti-Oka|
|Successor||Moses Samuilovich Neumann|
Lutsk , Volyn province , Russian Empire
|Father||Sultansky, Mordechai Iosifovich|
|Children||Sultan, Joseph Isaakovich|
Born in 1828 in Lutsk in the family of a Karaite theologian and gazzan Mordecai Iosifovich Sultansky . He thoroughly studied the Hebrew language , Karaite and Jewish classical literature, which allowed him throughout his life to engage in teaching activities in various Karaite communities of the Russian Empire  . In the late 1850s, he moved to Yevpatoria , where he opened a private midrash . Among the students of I. M. Sultansky were the Gazzans and enlighteners known in the future: I. I. Sinani, Y. V. Duvan  , his son I. I. Sultansky , T. S. Levi-Babovich  . In 1859, he was elected the Gazzan of the great kenassa of Yevpatoriya, but in 1863 he was removed from office upon a complaint from the Yevpatoriya community to Karaite spiritual government  . In 1869 he moved to Sevastopol, where he again took up the post of senior Gazzan, and was approved as such in 1882 by the Sevastopol mayor   . In 1890, "with the aim of finding compelling materials for solving the question of the time of Karaites settling in Crimea," along with the melamine of the Theodosian Midrash, Y. M. Kokenai, was delegated by Gaham S. M. Panpulov to the expedition of archaeologist F. A. Brown to study the Karaite necropolis of Mangup- Kale  . From 1889 to 1894 he served as the senior Gazzan in Simferopol. Thanks to his efforts, a new kenassa was built in this city. From Simferopol he moved to Bakhchisarai, where until his death he was a senior Gazzan and a teacher in midrash   .
According to B.S. Elyashevich , Sultansky “... was famous among the people not only as a gifted and learned teacher and an excellent preacher, but also as one of the best mitpalleles (singers) of his time, who owned a beautiful, pleasant and rather strong voice tenor and knew perfectly all the tunes and motives of the Crimean Karaites ”  . Also I.M. Sultansky was the author of many unpublished sermons, translating prayers on Yom Kippur to the "Tatar dialect", published in the 3rd part of the Prayer Book on the Rite of the Karaites ( Vilna , 1892), and the elegy on the death of A. S Firkovich , placed in the work of E. Deinard "Toledot Even Reshef" ( Warsaw , 1875)  .
He died in May 1899  .
- Elyashevich, 1993 , p. 181.
- [Duvan Y. V.] My childhood and youth: from the autobiography of Y. V. Duvan (from the ancient biblical) // Karaite life . - Moscow, 1911. - No. 7 (December) . - S. 69 .
- Elyashevich V.A. Sultansky: father, sons and grandson // Proceedings of the Spiritual Administration of the Karaites of the Republic of Crimea. - Evpatoria, 2017. - No. 25 (34) . - S. 8-12 .
- Tereshchuk N. Karaite clergy in the context of the activities of the “foreign” population of Sevastopol // Materials of the XX annual International Conference on Judaica. - Moscow, 2014 .-- T. II , no. 46 . - S. 169 .
- Kashovskaya N.V. On the results of studying the Karaite necropolis in the Tabana-Dere gorge (Mangup): problems of chronology and periodization // Materials on archeology, history and ethnography of Tavria. - Simferopol, 2017. - Issue. XXII . - S. 243 . - ISSN 2413-189X .
- Prokhorov D.A. The Karaite community of Bakhchisarai in the late XVIII - early XX centuries. // Materials on archeology, history and ethnography of Tavria / ed. ed. A.I. Aybabin, V.N. Zinko. - Simferopol, 2015. - Issue. XX . - S. 460 . - ISSN 2413-189X .
- Elyashevich, 1993 , p. 182.
- Elyashevich B.S. Part II. Karaite Biographical Dictionary (from the end of the 18th century to 1960) // Karaites / ed. M.N. Guboglo, A.I. Kuznetsova, L.I. Missonova, Yu. B. Simchenko, V.A. Tishkova. - M .: Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology RAS, 1993. - Prince. 2. - 238 p. - (“Peoples and Cultures”; issue XIV). - 250 copies. - ISSN 0868-586X . /