Vsevolod Borisovich Bessonov ( October 7, 1932 , Ivanovo , Central Black Earth Region - April 12, 1970 , Bay of Biscay ) - Hero of the Soviet Union , commander of the K-8 nuclear submarine ( project 627A ).
|Vsevolod Borisovich Bessonov|
|Date of Birth||October 7, 1932|
|Place of Birth||Ivanovo , Rylsky district , Central Black Earth region , RSFSR , USSR|
|Date of death||April 12, 1970 (37 years old)|
|A place of death||Bay of Biscay|
|Type of army|| Navy |
|Years of service||1951-1970|
2nd rank captain
|Commanded||Nuclear submarine K-8|
|Battles / wars|
|Awards and prizes|
Born in the village of Ivanovskoye (now Rylsky district , Kursk region ) in a peasant family. He spent his childhood in the city of Lgov . In 1951 he was drafted into the Navy and sent to study at the 1st Higher Naval School of Diving . He graduated from college in 1955.
He served in the Northern Fleet . In 1965 he graduated from the Higher Officer Special Classes of the Navy.
- Since 1955 - the commander of the torpedo group
- Since 1957 - the commander of the warhead and assistant commander of the submarine "S-144"
- Since 1959 - the commander of the warhead of the submarine "K-102"
- Since 1961 - Assistant Commander of the K-133 Submarine
- Since 1965 - Senior Assistant to the Commander of the K-8 missile nuclear submarine
- Since 1968 - commander of the K-8 missile nuclear submarine
At the beginning of April 1970, the K-8 submarine, which was on combat duty in the Mediterranean, was sent to the North Atlantic region to participate in the Ocean-70 exercises, the largest in the history of the Soviet Navy. On April 8, a fire broke out in the cabin of K-8 hydroacoustics, which began to spread rapidly through the air ducts. After surfacing, some of the personnel (73 people) were evacuated to the approaching vessels. Bessonov remained on board the nuclear submarine at the head of the shift, which continued the struggle for survivability. The situation was complicated by the failure of the electric power system and the central post. On April 12, in conditions of an 8-point storm, the ship lost its longitudinal stability and sank within a short time, taking with it 22 combat shift people and 30 people who died in a fire. This was the first loss of the Soviet nuclear fleet.
- By decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR dated June 26, 1970 No. 5310-VII for heroism, courage and courage shown in the performance of military duty, Vsevolod Borisovich Bessonov was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union (posthumous);
- Order of Lenin ;
- Order of the Red Banner (“For the test in 1957 of the first atomic torpedo at the testing ground on Novaya Zemlya”) ;
- The names of the commander of the "K-8" V. B. Bessonov and ship's doctor A. M. Nightingale are the streets of Gremikha .
- The name of Bessonov was assigned to one of the streets of the city of Lgov.
- The name of V. B. Bessonov was assigned to secondary school No. 1 of the city of Lgov, Kursk region.
- 07/26/2008 in the center of Lgov a monument to Bessonov by the sculptor V.I. Bartenev was unveiled.
- In May 2001, a memorial plaque in honor of Bessonov was installed in Rylsk .
- Kazanov V. The Last Campaign // Following the Traces of Underwater Disasters. - M., 1992.
- Mikhailovsky A.P. Working depth: Notes of the submariner. - SPb., 1996.
- Mormul N.G. Disasters underwater. - SPb., 2001.
- Usenko N.V. et al. How the atomic submarine fleet of the Soviet Union was created. - SPb., 2004.
- Bessonov, Vsevolod Borisovich . Site " Heroes of the country ".
- Heroes submariners