Aureolus ( lat. Aureolus ; executed in 268 ) - the head of the Roman troops in Illyria during the time of the emperor Gallien , one of the " thirty tyrants " - the short-term usurpers of imperial power in the 260s . Information about him is contained in the authors of Augustus' biographies in the "Thirty Tyrants" section.
A portrait in the shape of a coin from Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum , a collection of biographies published in 1553.
We do not know the date of birth of Aureola, but, given that he was a usurper in the year 268 , then most likely he was born no later than the 230s . Zonara says he was a shepherd and was born in the Roman province of Dacia north of the Danube. It can be assumed that, like many Dacians, he served in the Roman army and had the good fortune to come to the attention of Emperor Gallien . Avreol with Gallien founded a new cavalry corps.
He left his mark on history in 258 (or in 260), when his cavalry was the main reason for the defeat of the usurper Ingenui in the battle of Murce. In 261, he commanded the army, which defeated the army of Makrian usurpers in a battle somewhere in the central Balkans. After the suppression of the Makrian uprising, Aureol accompanied the emperor in an attempt to suppress the revolt of Postum and his Gallic empire. Postum managed to avoid complete defeat thanks to the "carelessness of Aureol." Zosima reports that Aureol conspired against Gallien, but all the conspirators were punished with the exception of Aureol. Currently unknown reason for the entry of Aureola in the conspiracy. Perhaps as a duck , Aureol was outraged by the policies of Gallien and depriving his home province of the garrison to strengthen the defense of Italy , which leads to barbaric attacks on Dacia.
He lost the confidence of Gallien and lost the title of commander of the cavalry corps. Then Abreol settled in Mediolan and offered Postum to challenge the power of Gallien over the empire. Aureol used the Medieval Mint to stamp coins with the Postum profile on the obverse, and on the reverse, a call for cavalrymen to leave Gallien and go to his side. But Postum ignored the call of Avreola, and the latter, without the support of the Gallic usurper, was defeated by Gallien in a battle on the Adda River east of Milan. Then he was besieged in Milan. When Gallien was slain, Emperor Claudius II forced Abreola to submit. Under the new uprising, he was abandoned by his warriors and executed.
- History of Augustus . Thirty tyrants. Gallien. Claudius.
- Zosim New story. I.
- Zonara Story. Xii.
- Henze Aureolus // Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft . - Bd. II, 2. - Stuttg. : JB Metzler, 1896. - Sp. 2545-2546: German text
- Jones AHM Aureolus // Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire / AHM Jones , JR Martindale, J. Morris. - Cambridge University Press , 1971. - Vol. I: AD 260-395. - P. 138. - ISBN 0-521-07233-6 [2001 reprint].
- Aureol (Eng.) . - in Smith 's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.
- Aureol // Encyclopedic Dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron : 86 t. (82 tons and 4 extra.). - SPb. , 1890-1907.