Grigory Ivanovich Lisanevich ( 1756 - 1832 ) - Russian commander of the Napoleonic Wars , lieutenant general of the Russian Imperial Army .
|Grigory Ivanovich Lisanevich 1st|
Portrait of Grigory Ivanovich Lisanevich
workshop  of George Dow . Military Gallery of the Winter Palace , State Hermitage Museum ( St. Petersburg )
|Date of Birth||January 6, 1756|
|Date of death||February 13, 1832 (76 years old)|
|Years of service||1775 - 1820|
|Commanded||Elisavetgrad Hussar Regiment (1803–1807)|
|Battles / wars|
|Awards and prizes||Order of St. George of the 3rd class., Vladimir of the 2nd art., St. Anna of the 1st art. with diamonds; Prussian Pur le Merit , Austrian Leopold ; crosses for Ochakov , Prague , Preisish-Eylau , Bazardzhik , two gold sabers “for courage” (one with diamonds)|
At the end of his home education, Lisanevich entered (1771) as a corporal in the Elisavetgrad Pikiner Regiment and with this regiment took part in the attack of Silistra and his routing of Turks near the village of Kuchuk-Kainardzhi. Shortly after the end of the war, he was promoted (1775) to the rank of adjutant of the lieutenant colonel.
In 1777-1778 and 1782 He took an active part in pacifying the rebellious Tatars of the Crimean peninsula. In 1787, Lisanevich transferred to the Elisavetgrad Horse-Jaeger Regiment, which soon after breaking with Turkey, in the winter of 1787, became part of the Yekaterinoslav Army of Prince Potemkin; under his leadership, Lisanevich was under Ochakov, in the fall of 1789 he participated in the defeat of the Turks at the Causeni and was at the fall of Akkerman.
Soon after the end of the Turkish war in 1792, fermentation arose in Poland. Among the troops sent to pacify the rioters was the Elisavetgrad Horse-Ranger Regiment; in his ranks Lisanevich actively participated in the defeat of the Polish Confederates near the village of Dervits, at the Settlement, near Vladimir Volynsky and near the town of Dubenka, where he was wounded by a bullet in the shoulder. In 1793, while in the corps of Lieutenant General Ferzen, he participated in all battles of this corps with the Confederates, as well as in the famous Matsyovitsky battle, where the main leader of the Poles Kosciuszko was captured.
After being appointed headquarters officer to Ferzen, Lisanevich was with him all the time until the conquest of Warsaw by Suvorov. In 1798, Lisanevich was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and in 1799 - to colonel. During this time, he continued to serve in the Elizavetgrad equestrian jaeger regiment, which was renamed during the reign of Emperor Alexander I in 1801 as the Elisavetgrad Hussar regiment, and in 1802 he was appointed commander of one of the battalions of this regiment. In 1805, in the first war between Alexander and Napoleon, Lisanevich participated in the bloody battle of Austerlitz. Being in the troops of General Uvarov, defeated by the French and forced to retreat, he commanded him as a rear guard and restrained the onslaught of the French during the day, after which he joined the rear guard of Bagration’s troops and covered his retreat until the cessation of hostilities (November 22).
In October 1806, Russian troops were again moved abroad to help Prussia, and Lisanevich managed to participate in the battle of Preisis-Eylau, at r. Passargue, at Heilsberg and at Friedland. For participating in these battles, he was promoted to major general and appointed chief of the Chuguevsky regiment, which was soon transformed into Ulan. For his efforts to reform this regiment, Lisanevich received personal thanks from Tsarevich Konstantin Pavlovich, who was then Inspector General of the entire cavalry.
Lisanevich took command of the Chuguevsky regiment during the armistice concluded with the Turks in August 1807. After it ended in March 1809, Lisanevich, being in the advanced corps of Platov, ousted the Turks from the vicinity of Brailov and drove them to the fortress. In August, he was at the occupation of Babadag, at the taxation and capture of the fortresses of Girsov and Kistenji. In September, he participated in the defeat by Prince Bagration of the seraskir Khozrev of Ligmet Pasha at Rassevat near Silistra; in this battle, he courageously attacked the Turks from the front, knocked them over and pursued over 20 miles. During the siege of Silistra, Lisanevich was in the rear guard of the army near the village of Kalipetria and repelled the enemy’s numerous attacks, after which, together with the troops of Prince Bagration, he crossed to the left bank of the Danube. In 1810, under the command of General Kamensky I, he participated in the capture of the Bazardzhik fortress, was during the taxation of the Shumly fortress, under Zhurzhey and during the taxation and fall of the Ruschuk fortress.
In 1811, Lisanevich was appointed commander of the 2nd Cavalry Brigade of the 7th Cavalry Division. Having come under the command of Kutuzov, who replaced the sick Kamensky 2nd, Lisanevich moved to Ruschuk, where our main forces were concentrated and where Kutuzov had his first meeting with the supreme vizier, who was coming from Razgrad. Having defeated the Turks, Kutuzov in the last days of June retreated to the left bank of the Danube to Zhurzhe, where Turkish troops began to be transported after the Russians. Lisanevich participated in bloody battles with the enemy, who were firmly entrenched in the trenches and did not want to give way to the disputed shore; thereafter, with the Chuguevsky regiment, he was sent to strengthen Lieutenant General Zass, who commanded troops in Malaya Wallachia near Viddin, and was there until winter, when the Turks entered into peace negotiations.
Immediately upon the conclusion of peace, the Danube army was sent to Volyn, where the Austrian field marshal Prince Schwarzenberg was operating at that time. Lisanevich became part of the troops entrusted to Saken, and participated with him in the battle of Volkovysk, in which he commanded the cavalry of our right wing. When Saken retreated to Luboml and Kovel, Lisanevich was constantly in the rearguard and in November was sent with the Chuguevsky regiment to the Bialystok region to conduct a search over the enemy.
In 1813, Lisanevich returned to his corps and became part of the left wing of the main army of Miloradovich, intended to be sent to Silesia. Crossing the border, from March 1 to March 21, Lisanevich was at the imposition of the Glogau fortress, after Miloradovich surrendered the blockade to her Prussian troops, he moved near Lutsen, where, during the battle on April 20, he was in reserve at Zeitz without entering into business . The next day, commanding the main rearguard of the army, which was supposed to cover the retreat of our and Prussian troops to Dresden and Meissen, participated in the retreat through Froburg, and then was sent to reinforce Count S. Priest, who was at Waldheim. Having successfully fulfilled the assignment entrusted to him, Lisanevich saw himself surrounded by enemies on all sides, and only with great difficulty could he make his way to Dresden; from here at the end of April he headed towards Bautzen, being almost under continuous fire in the first line. On May 9, commanding the detachment, he participated in the main battle near Bautzen and brilliantly repelled Udino's attacks on the extreme left flank of Miloradovich, and after the battle, having entered the rear guard, he had business with the enemy almost daily until the entry of our troops into the camp near Schweinitz.
At the end of the Poyshvitsky truce, Lisanevich joined the main reserve entrusted to Tsarevich Konstantin and was sent to the city of Melnik at the 2nd Grenadier Division to secure the capital of Bohemia from the assassination attempts of the enemy and to observe its movements along the roads leading from Zittau through Gabel and Bemis -Lane inside Bohemia. Returning from there after the Kulm battle, he was among the troops of Count Wittgenstein, preventing the enemy from breaking through to Pirna. After that, Lisanevich participated in the defeat of the enemy near the city of Froburg; in the battle of m. Liber-Wolkowitz and the village of Wachau brilliantly repelled the attack of the French cavalry Murat and forced him to retreat. On October 4, on the first day of the battle of Leipzig, he was first in the cavalry detachment of Count Palen, who maintained communication between the corps of Prince Gorchakov and Prince Eugene Wirtemberg, and then was sent to help the Austrian General Klenau, who was very crowded by the French. During the general battle under the walls of Leipzig, Lisanevich with the brave Chuguevites again acted on our left wing, cut into the enemy cavalry and repelled her two guns. Pursuing the defeated Napoleonic army to the Rhine, Lisanevich, as part of the vanguard of Count Palen, crossed over with For Louis and entered the borders of France, where he took part in the battles of Falzburg and Brienne; from January to February he was in business at the cities of Mary, Romilla, Nogent, Mormann, Bar-sur-Ob, Labrussel, Troyes, at Arens, near Ferschampenoise and Paris. After the occupation of Paris, Lisanevich, commanding the Chuguevsky, Volynsky and Serpukhov regiments, entered with them a second separate building assigned to Count Orurk and settled down with him in the Ensky department.
With the general abolition of the rank of chief of our army regiments, Lisanevich ceased to be the chief of the Chuguevsky regiment and was approved by the head of the 3rd Lancers division. The Chuguevsky regiment, which actively and continuously labored under the command of Lisanevich in the campaigns of 1809-1814, was awarded silver pipes with crosses and ribbons of the Order of St .. for distinction in the war against Napoleon. George. In the spring of 1815, Lisanevich was marching for the Rhine and was with the regiments of his division at the brilliant reviews of our army near Vertyu. The excellent structure of the division and the preservation of it with approximate order ranks gave Lisanevich gratitude to the Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich, Commander-in-Chief of Barclay de Tolly and the Highest Grace of Emperor Alexander I. Upon returning from the campaign, Lisanevich was hastily summoned to the sovereign to consult with him and Count Arakcheev about the then proposed experience of military settlements. The work on the arrangement of these settlements brought Lisanevich closer to Arakcheev and acquired the favor and trust of the count. Often Lisanevich’s own written answers were honored to be presented in the original to the Most Substantial Report, and subsequently he was even allowed to write directly to the sovereign on business matters. Already in his advanced years, due to his unhappy health, Lisanevich resigned, was dismissed on January 24, 1820 and settled in his homeland in metro Bratolyubovka. At the coronation of Nikolai Pavlovich Lisanevich was in Moscow and, along with many glorious colleagues in the war of 1812-1814. carried a canopy over the sovereign and sovereign.
- State Hermitage Museum. Western European painting. Catalog / Ed. V. F. Levinson-Lessing; ed. A. E. Krol , K. M. Semenova. - 2nd edition, revised and supplemented. - L .: Art, 1981. - T. 2. - P. 258, cat. No. 7899. - 360 p.
- Lisanevich, Grigory Ivanovich // Russian Biographical Dictionary : in 25 volumes. - SPb. - M. , 1896-1918.
- Lisanevichi // Military Encyclopedia : [in 18 vol.] / Ed. V.F. Novitsky [et al.]. - SPb. ; [ M. ]: t-va I. D. Sytin , 1911-1915.
- Dictionary of Russian generals, participants in the hostilities against the army of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1812-1815. // Russian archive. The history of the Fatherland in the evidence and documents of the XVIII — XX centuries. : Collection. - M .: TRITE studio N. Mikhalkova , 1996. - T. VII . - S. 456 . - ISSN 0869-20011 . (Comm. A. A. Podmazo )
- Stepanov V.S., Grigorovich P.I. In memory of the centennial of the imperial Military Order of the Holy Great Martyr and Victorious George. (1769-1869). SPb., 1869