The Lower Angara region is the region of the Krasnoyarsk Territory , uniting five regions located in the lower reaches of the Angara and the middle reaches of the Yenisei , north and northeast of Krasnoyarsk .
Yeniseisky, Boguchansky, Kezhemsky, Motyginsky, North Yeniseisky districts and three cities - Yeniseisk, Lesosibirsk and Kodinsk belong to the Lower Angara region.
The area is about 260 thousand square meters. km The population is about 230 thousand people.
Geographical, economic position
The Lower Angara region combines the following administrative regions of the Krasnoyarsk Territory:
- Yenisei district (center of Yeniseisk )
- Boguchansky district (center of Boguchany )
- Kezhemsky district (center - the city of Kodinsk ).
- Motyginsky district (center - P. Motygino )
- North Yenisei region (center - urban settlement Severo-Yenisei )
Cities of regional subordination:
There is no real association of regions. Normative legal acts confirming the territorial unity of the Lower Angara region still do not exist.
The basis of the industry in the Lower Angara region is the timber industry and non-ferrous metallurgy (gold mining, lead-zinc ores).
The existing transport infrastructure of the Lower Angara region and the shortage of electricity hamper the development of industrial production.
The region is divided by the water arteries of the Angara and Yenisei into parts between which there is no transport connection (road, rail). There are no bridges across the Angara and Yenisei, cities and areas are connected only by water communication (during navigation) and by ferry across these rivers. There are also no asphalt roads in the Boguchansky, Kezhemsky, Motyginsky and Severo-Yeniseysky districts.
Existing power lines in part of the territory are fully loaded, some are in disrepair. The shortage of electricity in the region is estimated at 120 MW.
The main prerequisites for the development of the Lower Angara region
- The region has significant reserves of bauxite (Chadobetskoye deposit), iron ore (Nizhneangarskaya and Tagarskaya group of deposits), gold (Olimpiadinskoye, Veduginskoye, Sovetskoye, Vasilyevskoye deposits), magnesites (Kirgiteyskoye deposit), niobium (Tatarskoye, Chuktukonskoye deposit), lead (Gorevskoye deposit) ), antimony, talc. According to gold and lead, the Lower Angara region is the largest raw material base of the country.
- There is great potential in the oil and gas industry. The main deposits (Yurubcheno-Tokhomskaya group) are located in the southern part of the Evenki region, directly adjacent to the Lower Angara.
- Large forest resources (about 30 million ha) are concentrated in the Lower Angara region.
Lower Angara Development Project
The implementation of the investment project “Integrated Development of the Lower Angara Region” should contribute to solving the problems of the region.
The project was developed by order of the Administration of the Krasnoyarsk Territory with the support of the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of the Russian Federation . Consulting was provided by the Institute of Regional Policy. In June 2006, the application was approved by the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade. [one]
The Institute of Urban Studies developed the Territorial Planning Scheme of the Lower Angara Region  , which defines the prospects for urban development of the territory, a comprehensive description of the natural conditions and resources, and formulates proposals for the development of a resettlement system, industry, transport and energy infrastructure.
- eliminate subsidies of the Lower Angara region;
- strengthening the industrial potential of the Lower Angara region through the creation and development of transport and energy infrastructure;
- development of natural resources and construction of industrial facilities on the principles of public-private partnership.
The development of transport infrastructure in the framework of the investment project is interconnected with the development of energy infrastructure:
- Completion of the construction of the Boguchanskaya hydroelectric power station in the Kezhemsky district with a capacity of 3000 MW, which will become the lower stage of the cascade of power plants on the Angara;
- Reconstruction and construction of sections of the Kansk-Aban-Boguchany-Kodinsk highway;
- Construction of a bridge over the river. Hangar on the highway Boguchany - Yurubchen - Baykit in the village of. Bright;
- Construction of the Karabula-Yarki railway line in the Boguchansky district;
- Construction of the 500/220 kV Angara substation in the area of Karabula;
- Construction of power lines from the Kamala-1 substation to the Boguchanskaya hydroelectric power station under construction through the Angara substation.
The implementation of projects in the field of infrastructure development and the electric power industry will give impetus to the development of energy-intensive industries in the region. First of all, it is an aluminum plant in the Boguchansky district, pulp and paper mills - in the Kezhemsky district and in Lesosibirsk. In the future, it is planned to build a cement plant in the Lower Angara region. Implementation of projects in the field of transport infrastructure development will allow to actively develop the forest resources of the right bank of the Angara and oil and gas fields in the south of Evenkia.
The project implementation period is 2006-2015.
On September 30, 2011, traffic on the bridge over the Angara was opened.
- Development Corporation of the Krasnoyarsk Territory;
- Russian aluminum ;
- Federal Hydro-Generating Company ;
At first, the Lower Angara region was supposed to be made a model territory, on the example of which it would be clearly seen how the coordinated investments of the state and private business lead not only to the creation of new industries, but also to an increase in the standard of living and social development of the region. However, the final version (the program "Comprehensive Development of the Lower Angara Region"), developed by the Moscow Institute of Regional Policy, from the point of view of project critics, already serves mainly the interests of large businesses. The program is primarily aimed at meeting the demand of powerful industries in cheap electricity. Therefore, the Boguchanskaya HPP and the Boguchansky Aluminum Plant became the central objects of the program.
Critics of the project indicate that at present, the development of the Lower Angara region is aimed exclusively at the extraction and export of raw materials, the base of which will be completely depleted in a few decades. In their opinion, even the name of the investment project (“Comprehensive Development of the Lower Angara Region”) does not correspond to reality, since there is no program for the complex development of the territory: there are only a few large industrial projects that are not supported by general environmental, social and economic programs aimed at development of small and medium-sized businesses in the region, development of agriculture, health and education, housing and communal services.
Discussion of the problems of industrial development of the Lower Angara region with the participation of representatives of large business and public organizations is regularly held in Krasnoyarsk in the format of round tables under the auspices of the working group on environmental rights of the Presidential Council on human rights and the development of civil society. On November 28, 2011, a round table discussion took place entitled “Investment projects of the Lower Angara region: a path to an innovative or raw model of development?”  , and February 18, 2012, “Environmental and economic aspects of investment projects for the development of Eastern Siberia (using the example of the Lower Angara region)” [ 4] .
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- Territorial territorial planning schemes (inaccessible link)
- Round table “Investment projects of the Lower Angara Region: the path to an innovative or raw model of development?” (Krasnoyarsk, November 28, 2011)
- Round table “Environmental and economic aspects of investment projects for the development of Eastern Siberia (on the example of the Lower Angara region)” (Krasnoyarsk, February 18, 2012)