Henry de Ferriere ( fr. Henri de Ferrières ; d. 1101 ) - Norman knight , participant in the Norman conquest of England , founder of the English noble family Ferrers, later - Earls of Derby .
Heinrich was the son of a small Norman feudal lord Goshelen (or Valkelin) de Ferriere, owner of the lord Ferrier-Saint-Hilaire ( Fr. ) in Central Normandy, in the Riesl River Valley in the territory of the modern Er department . According to the testimony of William Zhumierzh, Gauchelen de Ferriere died in 1040 in a clash with Hugo de Montfort .
Little is known about Henry de Ferriere. He probably participated in the Norman conquest of England and fought at the Battle of Hastings in 1066, as King William I transferred extensive land holdings in England to Henry over the next few years. Robert you also mentions his participation in the battle. Apparently immediately after the conquest, Henry de Ferriere served as the castell of Stafford Castle. Around 1067, he received from the king a number of possessions in Berkshire and Wiltshire confiscated from Godric , the former Anglo-Saxon sheriff of Berkshire. By the end of 1068, Heinrich was also granted the lands of another Anglo-Saxon ten in Buckinghamshire , Nottinghamshire , Berkshire and Essex . In 1070, Appletree Wapentake took over , covering a large part of southern Derbyshire , ceded to Heinrich de Ferrier Hugo d'Avranche , who at that time became Earl of Chester . Finally, in 1071, after the suppression of the last Anglo-Saxon uprising, Henry received the vast lands of Siward Barn , a companion of Hereward , who fought with the Normans on the island of Eli . In addition to the manors in Berkshire and Essex, Siward possessions included land in Gloucestershire , Warwickshire , Nottinghamshire, and Derbyshire. According to the Doomsday Book , by 1085, Henry de Ferriere had 210 manors in various parts of the Kingdom of England, mainly in Derbyshire and Leicestershire .
As his main residence, Henry chose the castle of Tatbury ( English ) (originally in Derbyshire, now in Staffordshire ), which he significantly strengthened and next to which he founded a monastery . In addition, Henry built Pilsbury Castle in West Derbyshire and Duffield Castle , which guards the crossing through Derwent . Both of these fortresses were classical Norman structures of the motte and bailey type, which were rebuilt in stone only in the 12th century . Henry de Ferrier, obviously, was the largest landowner in Derbyshire and Staffordshire and belonged to the upper stratum of the Anglo-Norman aristocracy . In 1086, he participated in a census on the territory of the western part of Central England , the results of which formed the basis of the Doomsday Book. Heinrich de Ferriere died no later than 1101 and was buried in Tatbury.
Marriage and children
Heinrich de Ferrier was married to a certain Berthe , whose origin is not established. Their kids:
- Ingenulf (or Guillaume ) de Ferriere , heir to the Norman possessions of his father, a participant in the Battle of Tansbre , in which he was captured, the founder of the French noble family of seniors de Ferriere and de Chambray, which ceased in 1502 . Ingenulf also owned lands in England ( Lechleid in Gloucestershire and Ockham in Rutland ), which at the beginning of the 13th century passed through his great-granddaughter into the possession of the Mortimer house. Grandson of Ingenulf - Valshelen de Ferriere , was one of the closest associates of the English king Richard the Lionheart .
- Wilhelm de Ferriere (d. During the life of his father; may not have existed, and Ingenulf was called by this name  );
- Robert de Ferrier (d. 1139), 1st Earl of Derby (c 1138), heir to the English possessions of his father, a participant in the Battle of the Standards of 1138 , married to a certain Havis, daughter of either Andre de Vitre or Hugo II de Laval, founder of the English noble Ferrers clan;
- Amicia de Ferriere was probably married to Nigel de Albini, Senor Kainou ( Bedfordshire ), the youngest son of William de Albini , a companion of William the Conqueror.
The descendants of Henry de Ferriere were, in particular, King George I , George Washington , Winston Churchill and Princess Diana .  .
- See the list of children of Heinrich de Ferriere on the website of the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy (Inaccessible link) . Date of treatment February 25, 2008. Archived on May 8, 2008.
- genealogical tree of Heinrich de Ferriere at Roottsweb.com unopened (unavailable link) . Date of treatment February 26, 2008. Archived January 18, 2007.
- Heinrich de Ferriere and the Norman Conquest of England
- Genealogy of Heinrich de Ferriere and his descendants on the website of the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy
- Genealogy of the house of Ferrers (de Ferrier) on the website of Racines et Histoire (fr.)
- List of manors by Henry de Ferriere in Derbyshire
- Costambeys M. Ferrers, Henry de (d. 1093x1 100) // Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. - Oxf. , 2004.
- Turbutt G. A History of Derbyshire. Volume 2: Medieval Derbyshire. - Cardiff: Merton Priory Press, 1999.
- Robert you . A novel about Ru.
- Guillaume Jumiège . Acts of the Dukes of Normandy. Ed. Elisabeth Van Houts. - Oxf. : Clarendon Press, 1992-1995.
- Doomsday book .