Franz Joseph Gläser ( German: Franz Joseph Gläser ; April 19, 1798 , Obergeorgental, now Gorni Jirzhetin , Czech Republic - August 29, 1861 , Copenhagen ) - German composer and conductor .
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From the age of 11 he sang in the choir of boys of the Dresden court chapel, then he studied at the Prague Conservatory as a violinist.
Since 1818 - conductor of the Vienna Josefstadt Theater . He composed and staged light comic operas, including the operetta “1722, 1822, 1922” ( 1822 ), three acts of which described the past, present and future. According to the testimony of Nikolai Slonimsky , who cites in his book Musical Jokes a fragment of a review from the then London musical review Harmonicon, the future is presented by Glaser as the age of cars, when the plow plows by itself, and the plowman lazily follows, and the balloons took the place of the cabmen; for the authenticity of the musical image of the past, Glezer used the music of Georg Friedrich Handel and Johann Adolf Hasse , for the present - Joaquino Rossini and Karl Maria von Weber , for the future - Mozart , since it cannot become obsolete  .
In 1828, he transferred in the same position as bandmaster to the An der Wien Theater, and in 1830 to the Berlin Königstadt Theater, with which the greatest success was associated in his compositional career: the opera Eagle's Nest ( German Des Adlers Horst ; 1832 ), She didn’t leave various European scenes for about half a century - partly thanks to the courage of the librettist Karl von Holtey , who first brought out the image of a single mother on stage. In 1835, this opera was successfully staged at the Royal Opera in Copenhagen, which contributed to the further invitation of Glezer to work in this city.
From 1842 until his death, Glaser led the Royal Chapel , successfully debuting with William Tell by Joacchino Rossini . Since 1845, the court bandmaster.
In 1847 he was promoted to Cavalier of the Order of Danebrog .