Pisek ( Czech Písek [ˈpiːsɛk] , former German Pisek ) is a city in the south of the Czech Republic , a municipality with expanded powers and the administrative center of the Pisek region of the South Bohemian Region , on the Otava River (left tributary of the Vltava ).
|History and Geography|
|Center height||378 m|
|Timezone||UTC + 1 , in summer UTC + 2|
|Population||▲ 29,717 people ( 2012 )|
The population of 30,155 inhabitants on June 12, 2009 .
Archaeological excavations show human settlements in the northern region of the modern city of Pisek back in the Paleolithic era . Celts lived here in the Middle Ages , which is proved by the discovery of two burial mounds with treasures of Celts from gold items, ingots and silver jewelry.
From the end of the 12th century, village settlements were located on the right bank of the Otava River. These settlements were called sandy - Pisek, where the shopping center of St. Wenceslas was formed. The first mention of the Pisek settlement is found in the Charter of King Wenceslas I of 1243 , where it was written about the planning of the construction of the royal castle on the rocky bank of the river.
In 1254 , the son of Vaclav I - King Przemysl Otakar II , the city was founded on the site of these settlements. The city owes its name to coastal sands rich in non-ferrous metals. It was they who brought glory to the city in the Middle Ages - they found gold in them.
Engineering, knitting and food industry.
The main gas pipeline runs through the territory of Pisek.
In the central part of the city there are a large number of historical buildings. An interesting stone bridge built in 1263 - 1265 is the oldest stone bridge in the Czech Republic over Otava. The center also houses the former royal castle , which was rebuilt into the town hall and brewery in the 18th century , and the early Gothic Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary of the 13th century. Festivals are held annually - cinematographic, musical, etc.
There is a museum. Near the city - Orlik and Zvikov castles.
- Josef Wenceslas Soukup (1819-1882) - Czech composer, teacher, artist and publicist.
- Tomas Werner (b. 1986) - Czech skater, European champion (2008), multiple champion of the Czech Republic.
Stone Bridge (Pisek)
New embankment, stone bridge
- Jakl L. Jak stará jsou česká města? Legendy a fakta. // iDNES.cz