Nikifor Timofeevich Kalchenko ( Ukrainian: Nikifor Timofiyovich Kalchenko ; January 27 (February 9), 1906 , p. Koshmanovka, Konstantinograd district of the Poltava province - May 14, 1989, Kiev ) - state and party leader of the Ukrainian SSR.
|Nikifor Timofeevich Kalchenko|
|Ukrainian Nikifor Timofiyovich Kalchenko|
|Predecessor||Demyan Sergeevich Korotchenko|
|Successor||Vladimir Vasilievich Shcherbitsky|
|Birth||January 27 ( February 9 ) 1906 |
Russian Empire is now Mashevsky district
|Death||May 14, 1989 ( 83)|
Kiev , Ukrainian SSR , USSR
|Children||daughter Galina, sons Vladimir and Konstantin|
|The consignment||Communist Party|
Lieutenant General ( 1944 ). Member of the CPSU since May 1932 . Candidate member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine ( 1938 - 1946 ), member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine ( 1946 - 1981 ). Member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of Ukraine ( 1952 - 1976 ). Member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1941 - 1946 , 1950 - 1979 . A candidate member of the CPSU Central Committee ( 1952 - 1956 ), a member of the CPSU Central Committee ( 1956 - 1961 ), a candidate member of the CPSU Central Committee ( 1966 - 1976 ). Hero of Socialist Labor ( 1976 ).
Born in the village of Koshmanovka (now Mashevsky district of the Poltava region ) in a peasant family.
In the years 1921-1924. studied at the Poltava school of gardening. In the years 1924-1925. He worked as an authorized district committee of the Union of Rabzemles. He graduated from Poltava Agricultural Institute (1925-1928, organizer agronomist).
In 1928-1938 on economic work in the Poltava, Kharkov regions, where he worked as an agronomist, director of MTS, head of the grain department of the regional land department. From March 1938 to August 1941, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Odessa Regional Council.
During the Great Patriotic War at the front, a member of the Military Councils alternately the 56th, 46th armies; after 1943, alternately Voronezh , 1st Ukrainian fronts, the war ended with the rank of lieutenant general.
In 1946-1947 - Minister of Technical Cultures of the Ukrainian SSR , in 1947-1950. Minister of State Farms of the Ukrainian SSR , in 1950-1952 Minister of Agriculture of the Ukrainian SSR . In 1952-1954 1st Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR (at that time D. S. Korotchenko ).
In 1953, the Minister of Agriculture and Procurement of the Ukrainian SSR, since 1954, at the initiative of N. S. Khrushchev, was appointed chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR .
The focus of N. Kalchenko was primarily the development of the economy of the Ukrainian SSR. He focused the government’s efforts on trying to increase the peasant’s material interest, on increasing the supply of agricultural machinery, on creating permanent cadres of machine operators, on strengthening collective and state farms with leading cadres and specialists, and on updating the agricultural production planning system. So, in 1953–58, the gross grain harvest increased by almost 20% compared to the previous five years, the gross harvest of beets doubled, the average annual meat production - 2.1 times, milk - three times.
He positively accepted the idea put forward at the February (1957) plenary session of the CPSU Central Committee, the idea of N. S. Khrushchev about the liquidation of branch ministries and the concentration of this department in interregional and republican economic councils . In the Ukrainian SSR, 14 interregional councils and the republican Ukrainian Council of National Economy (USNH) were created. The government of the Ukrainian SSR was granted additional powers regarding certain issues of planning, capital construction, agriculture, work, wages, and so on. Higher technical educational institutions are also now subordinate to the Ukrainian economic councils. Significantly increased economic and other rights of the Union republics.
Such steps regarding decentralization were dictated by pragmatic considerations, the requirements of the development of an economy that suffered from central planning.
In 1956-1958 In Ukraine, over 500 new industrial enterprises were commissioned, of which 147 coal mines, 17 mines and quarries for the extraction of iron ore. In July 1956, the Shebelinka-Kharkov gas pipeline was commissioned. In October 1955, the first unit of the Kakhovskaya hydroelectric power station was launched, and in September of the following 1956 its last unit was launched. In November 1957, in Lviv, the TV factory began production of its products.
N. Kalchenko had to solve a complex of issues related to the transfer of the Crimean region from the RSFSR to the Ukrainian SSR, which was held by decree of the Presidium of the USSR Armed Forces of February 19, 1954.
The plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU, which took place on February 23 - March 2, 1954, approved a decision on further increase in grain production in the country and on the development of virgin and shifted lands of Siberia and Kazakhstan. The government of the Ukrainian SSR, together with the party and Komsomol bodies, was involved in organizing the departure of youth to the virgin lands. In total, in 1954-1956. over 80,000 workers were sent from Ukraine.
Over the years in the government, I had to solve many issues related to the development of science and support of the material and technical base. Thus, the Ukrainian Agricultural Academy (October 1954 ), the Institute of Metallophysics of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR, the Institute of Ceramics and Special Alloys (December 1955 ), the Ukrainian Research Institute of Agriculture (September 1956 ), the Institute of Automation, and the Computing Center of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR were founded 1957 ), which eventually became the Institute of Cybernetics named after V.G. Glushkov, the Institute of Gerontology and Experimental Pathology, the Institute of Polymers and Monomers, the Institute of Foundry (November 1958 ), the Institute of Ge office of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR (September 1959 ), Institute of Semiconductors of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR, Physical-Technical Institute of Low Temperatures of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR (December 1960 ). In the early 1960s 462 scientific institutions worked in Ukraine.
In January 1959, at the XX Congress of the Communist Party of Ukraine, a 7-year plan for the development of the national economy was adopted.
N. Kalchenko supported such decisions. This, in particular, was confirmed by his publication “Ukraine in the Big Seven Years”, which was published in 1959 and which emphasized: “The main task of the seven-year plan for the development of the national economy of the USSR for 1959-1965. there is a further powerful upsurge in all areas of the national economy based on the superior growth of heavy industry, a significant strengthening of the country's economic potential in order to ensure an increase in the living standards of the people. "
The idea of the seven-year plan was subordinated to another idea of Khrushchev - the construction of the material and technical base of communism and the task of quickly catching up and overtaking the most developed capitalist countries for production of goods per capita. N. Kalchenko emphasized that "the Ukrainian SSR will make a worthy contribution to solving these seven-year tasks."
In 1961-1962 Minister of Procurement of the Ukrainian SSR, in 1961-1962 Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR, in 1962-1965 Minister of Production and Procurement of Agricultural Products of the Ukrainian SSR. In 1962-1976 First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR.
Since 1976, retired.
N.T. Kalchenko died in 1989 .
- The daughter of N. T. Kalchenko is the famous Ukrainian sculptor Galina Kalchenko , the long-term leader of the Kiev organization of the Union of Artists of Ukraine.
- Children - Vladimir, Galina, Konstantin.
- Grandchildren - Maria Vladimirovna, Nikita Pavlovich, Elena Konstantinovna, Maria Konstantinovna, Irina Vladimirovna.
- Great-grandchildren - Galina Grigorievna Kholodova, Galina Nikitovna Kalchenko, Vladimir Shirokov, Evgeny Shirokov, Maria Kalchenko, Ekaterina Kalchenko.
- Hero of Socialist Labor (02/06/1976)
- 8 Orders of Lenin (02/07/1939; 05/29/1945; 01/23/1948; 02/08/1956; 02/26/1958; 02/08/1966; 12/08/1963; 6/12/1976)
- Order of the October Revolution (08.27.1971)
- Order of the Red Banner (04/06/1945)
- 2 orders of Bogdan Khmelnitsky 1st degree (05/29/1944; 07/29/1944)
- medal "For Labor Valor" (12/25/1959)
- other medals
Kalchenko, Nikifor Timofeevich . Site " Heroes of the country ".
- Biographies:  (inaccessible link) ,  ,  (inaccessible link) ,  (in Ukrainian)
- Hunter N. T. Kalchenko: “Everything is wild for fox. Yakshko Babu Zustrіv - Tezh Dika! ” (Inaccessible link)
Korotchenko Demyan Sergeevich
|Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR|
1954 - 1961
Shcherbitsky Vladimir Vasilievich