Albert II of Belgium ( Dutch: Albert II van België , fr. Albert II de Belgique ; born June 6, 1934 , Brussels ) - King of Belgium in 1993 - 2013 from the Saxe-Coburg-Gotha dynasty .
|niderl. Albert II van België |
fr. Albert II de Belgique
|Renunciation||July 21, 2013|
|Birth||June 6, 1934 (85 years old)|
Brussels , Belgium
|Father||Leopold III (1901-1983)|
|Mother||Astrid Swedish (1905-1935)|
|Spouse||Paola Ruffo di Calabria|
Philip (born 1960)
Albert Felix Umber Theodore Christian Eugene Marie, Prince of Liege - the youngest son of Leopold III and Astrid of Sweden ; when Alberta was one year old, his mother died in a car accident. He inherited the throne in 1993 after the death of the childless elder brother Baudouin I.
|Belgian royal family|
Albert studied in Switzerland, at the private school Institut Le Rosey , he graduated from the naval school in Bruges . He has the rank of lieutenant general and vice admiral of the Navy of Belgium. Since 1962 - Honorary President of the Belgian Bureau of Foreign Trade.
Since 1958 - President of the Belgian Red Cross Society, President of the Olympic Committee and Inter-Federation Committee of Belgium, member of the Senate of the Belgian Parliament. In 1958-1964 he was a member of the International Olympic Committee .
July 3, 2013 Albert II announced that on the day of the national holiday of Belgium July 21 abdicate in favor of the eldest son of Prince Philip  .
On July 21, 2013, after the solemn mass, Albert II signed the act of abdication in favor of his son Philip. After renunciation retained the title of king.
On July 2, 1959 in Brussels, Albert married Donna Paola Margarita to Maria Antonia Ruffo di Calabria (b. September 11, 1937). The royal couple has three children:
- Philippe (born April 15, 1960) - since 1993, heir to the throne, since July 21, 2013 the king of Belgium, married to Matilda d'Udekem d'Acos , have four children:
- Elizabeth, Duchess of Brabant (born 2001) - the first in the line of succession to the throne of Belgium;
- Gabriel (born 2003);
- Emmanuel (born 2005);
- Eleanor (born 2008);
- Astrid (born June 5, 1962) is the wife of the Austrian Archduke Lorenz , has five children:
- Amedeo (born 1986)
- Maria Laura (born 1988)
- Joachim (born 1991)
- Louise Maria (born 1995)
- Letizia Maria (born 2003)
- Laurent (born October 19, 1963) - married to Claire Coombs , have three children:
- Louise (born 2004);
- Nikolai Belgian (born 2005);
- Eimerik Belgian (born 2005).
He also has an illegitimate daughter - Dolphin Boel (born in 1968), an artist from Brussels.
Comes from the noble Germanic family Saxe-Coburg , ruling in Belgium since the foundation of the independent Belgian kingdom - since 1831 , when the son of the Duke Franz Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeldsky Leopold (later King Leopold I ) was invited to the throne.
The current king of Belgium is related to the Queen of Great Britain, Elizabeth II , who also comes from this family. The British kings, starting with Edward VII , are descendants of Queen Victoria’s husband Albert Saxe-Coburg-Gotha , however the dynastic surname was changed to “Windsor” in 1917 in connection with the First World War . King Albert is also related by kinship with the former Tsar, and then the Prime Minister of Bulgaria Simeon II (aka Simeon of Sakskoburggotsky ), the son of Tsar Boris III and the grandson of Tsar Ferdinand I , who was an officer of the Austro-Hungarian Army until 1887 and came from the same kind of.
Royal budget cuts
In November 2009, the Belgian government, led by Herman van Rompuy, decided to reduce the annual cost of maintaining the royal family due to the economic crisis. However, according to some experts, such a measure is contrary to the constitution of the country. 
|Belgium||August 9, 1993 - July 21, 2013||Sovereign of the Order of Leopold I|
|Belgium||August 9, 1993 - July 21, 2013||Sovereign of the Order of the African Star |
|Belgium||August 9, 1993 - July 21, 2013||Sovereign of the Royal Order of Leo |
|Belgium||August 9, 1993 - July 21, 2013||Sovereign of the Order of the Crown|
|Belgium||August 9, 1993 - July 21, 2013||Sovereign of the Order of Leopold II|
|A country||Date of delivery||Reward||Letters|
|Vatican||-||Knight of the chain of the Order of the Holy Sepulcher of Jerusalem|
|Great Britain||-||Cavalier of the Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order||Gcvo|
|Germany||-||Commander of the Grand Cross of a special class of the Order "For Merit to the Federal Republic of Germany"|
|Latvia||-||Commander of the Grand Cross of the Order of Three Stars|
|Luxembourg||-||Cavalier of the Order of the Golden Lion of Nassau|
|Order of Malta||-||Cavalier of the Great Cross of Honor and Devotion|
|Netherlands||-||Commander of the Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion|
|Netherlands||-||Commander of the Grand Cross of the Order of the Orange-Nassau|
|Finland||1996 -||Cavalier of the Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose||[five]|
|Monaco||1957 -||Commander of the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Charles|
|Austria||1958 -||The big honorary star "For Merit to the Republic of Austria"|||
|Morocco||1960 -||Chevalier of the Great Ribbon of the Order of the Throne|
|Norway||1964 -||Commander of the Grand Cross on the chain of the Order of St. Olav|
|Sweden||March 31, 1966 -||Knight of the Order of the Seraphim||RSerafO|
|Denmark||1968 -||Knight of the Order of the Elephant||RE|
|Denmark||-||Knight of the Grand Cross of the Order of Dannebrog||SK|
|Spain||November 15, 1977 -||Commander of the Grand Cross of the Order of Carlos III|
|Portugal||December 11, 1985 -||Commander of the Grand Cross of the Order of Aviss||GCCA |
|Spain||September 16, 1994 -||Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece|
|Japan||October 22, 1996 -||Cavalier of the Chrysanthemum Order|
|Italy||May 12, 1998 -||Large cross decorated with ribbon||Order of Merit to the Italian Republic|
|October 29, 1973 - May 12, 1998||Big cross|
|Poland||May 10, 1999 -||Knight of the Order of the White Eagle|
|Portugal||December 13, 1999 -||Cavalier of the Order of the Infanta Don Enrique||GColIH |
|Hungary||2002 -||Grand Cross Knight on the chain of the Order of Merit|
|Bulgaria||2003 -||Cavalier of the Order of Stara Planina with ribbon|
|Morocco||October 5, 2004 -||Special Class Knight of the Order of Muhamadiyya|
|Lithuania||March 16, 2006 -||Cavalier of the chain of the Order of Vytautas the Great|
|Slovakia||October 23, 2008 -||Cavalier of the Order of the Double White Cross, Class 1|
|Estonia||2008 -||Cavalier of the Great Cross of the Order of the Cross of the Land of Mary||[eight]|
|Romania||2009 -||Cavalier of the Order of the Star of Romania|
|A country||Date of delivery||Reward||Letters|
|Habsburg House||1961 -||Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece|
|Bourbon House||-||Knight of the Order of St. Michael|
|House of savoy||-||Knight of the Highest Order of the Holy Annunciation|
|House of savoy||-||Knight of the Great Cross of the Order of Saints Mauritius and Lazarus|
- Belgium changes king: Albert II cedes the throne to his son Philip.
- Belgian monarch announces decision to abdicate
- Der Königsfamilie wird der Unterhalt gekürzt (German)
- Sleeping Order
- Suomen Valkoisen Ruusun ritarikunnan suurristin ketjuineen ulkomaalaiset saajat . www.ritarikunnat.fi. Date accessed August 27, 2019.
- ENTIDADES ESTRANGEIRAS AGRACIADAS COM ORDENS PORTUGUESAS - Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas . www.ordens.presidencia.pt. Date accessed August 27, 2019.
- Vabariigi President . www.president.ee. Date accessed August 27, 2019.