Lev Konstantinovich Boshush (February 18 ( March 3 ) 1905 , Moscow - October 5, 1994 ) is one of the greatest Soviet surgeons of the present and founders of thoracic surgery in the USSR , the founder of a school in surgery. The main works are devoted to operations on the lungs, especially surgical methods of treating pulmonary tuberculosis .
|Lev Konstantinovich Bogush|
In 1928 he graduated from the Medical Faculty of the University of Nizhny Novgorod.
For many decades, he headed the Department of Surgery at the Central Research Institute of Tuberculosis and was a professor at the Central Institute for the Advancement of Doctors , organizer and head of the department of pulmonary tuberculosis surgery, later renamed the department of thoracic surgery , which worked on the basis of this department. The remarkable person was greatly respected by the team and patients.
Academician of the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR ( 1963 ), laureate of the Lenin Prize ( 1961 ) and the USSR State Prize ( 1974 ). He was awarded the Order of Lenin, World War 1 degree (04/06/1985), World War 2 degree (06/13/1943), Red Banner of Labor, Friendship of Peoples and the Red Star (04/07/1940), the medal "For Military Merit" ( 12/06/1942) and other medals.
He was buried at the Kuntsevo cemetery  .
The roots of LK Bogush go back to the depths of the centuries from Kamenetz-Podolsky - ( Polish. Kamieniec Podolski ; Armenian East Slavic - "stone"), which was associated with the rocky nature of the terrain of the area.
In later sources and chronicles, a new, double name appears - Kamyanets-Podilsky , with mentioning in the second part of Podolia - ( Ukrainian. Podіlya ; Polish. Podole - “valley, lowland” , also known in Russian chronicles as “Ponyze” ) of the city that was necessary to distinguish Kamenets from the cities that had the same name, in particular Kamenets-Litovsk . In the late XIX - early XX centuries. The city was called Kamenets-Podolsk . In the Middle Ages, there was a large Armenian diaspora in the Podillia territory.
At the end of the seventeenth century. Pavel Bogush, one of the most prominent Polish artists of Armenian origin, painted the altar of the Lviv church. In 1733 the church was renovated in the Baroque style. In 1926, Jan Rosen painted the interior of the church in modern style, and Jozef Megofer decorated the dome with mosaics.
|I remember I was already working in Moscow, one night Leo Konstantnovich Bogush woke me up - the greatest surgeon of our time. At the Institute of Tuberculosis in the surgical department, which he supervised, the patient died after pleuropneumoectomy from bleeding due to a violation of blood clotting. He knew that we were operating under artificial blood circulation, with greater opportunities to stabilize the blood coagulation system and stop bleeding. I drove to my institute, took everything I could, and we went to Yauza, to the Tuberculosis Institute. Driving past the deli on duty, Lev Konstantinovich stopped the car and asked me to go to the store: “Buy something to eat, well, there is more sausage and bread. The guys are sitting in the morning ... "V.I. Burakovsky , "Notes of the cardiac surgeon"|
|Before me, seven operations were performed by L. K. Bogush died in two of his patients. Of course, there were publications from the West, but not so brilliant. So I began to operate on tuberculosis. It went.N. M. Amosov , |
- Great Soviet Encyclopedia
- IX All-Russian Congress of Cardiovascular Surgeons. Moscow, November 18, 2003. Scientific conference "Surgical schools of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences."
- A. Azin . Bogush Lev Konstantinovich. Essays on life. A series of books about famous doctors, medical scientists. - M. 2002.