Station Austerlitz ( French Gare d'Austerlitz ) - one of the six main railway stations in Paris . It is located on the left bank of the Seine in the 13th municipal district . The station serves 68,000 passengers daily (25 million per year), which is about half the passenger traffic of the Montparnasse station .
The name of the station comes from the name of the Moravian city of Austerlitz , where on November 2, 1805 there was a “battle of three emperors” , during which Napoleon defeated the superior Russian- Austrian forces. In honor of the victory at Austerlitz, a French warship was installed at the station.
Trains from the Austerlitz Station leave mainly in the southern direction - to Orleans , Tours , Madrid , Lisbon .
Austerlitz station was opened on September 20, 1840 in connection with the opening of the Paris- Givusy line , which was extended to Orleans in 1843 . In 1846, the station increased its size. Until the 1900 World Exhibition, the station remained the last stop of the Paris-Orleans line until the new Gar d'Orsay station, which now houses the Orsay Museum , was opened. The Orsay building was closed in 1939 , and at the same time, all long-distance trains were again transferred to Austerlitz station.
On May 14, 1941, 3,700 Jews, all men, were arrested in the Paris agglomeration , this operation was called the "Green Ticket" raid " and occurred 14 months before the Vel d' Ive raid . " Buses of those arrested were taken to Austerlitz station, from where they were sent by train to the Loire on the same day. 1,700 people were taken to the Pitivier camp, 2,000 to Bon-la-Roland . There they will remain for a year. On May 8, 1942, 289 Jews were escorted by a convoy to the Camp Royale in Compiegne . They were mainly deported to Auschwitz on June 5, 1942 by convoy No. 2 in preparation for the raids of the summer of 1942 in order to make way for new prisoners who will now be with their families. Three echelons took the Jews directly to Auschwitz: June 25 and July 17, 1942 from Pitivier, June 28 from Bon-la-Roland  . From July 19 to July 22, 1942, 7800 Jews were sent from Austerlitz station, including 4000 children arrested during the Vel d'Ive raid . They ended up in the camps of Bon-la-Roland and Pitivier, from where they were deported to the death camps of Nazi Germany in Poland .
Metro : lines 5 and 10
RER : line C
- Nathalie Grenon. May 14, 1941. La "rafle du billet vert" (French) . Herodote.net (27 novembre 2018). Date of treatment June 21, 2019.
- Austerlitz Station (French)