The landing of the Tu-124 on the Neva River - an accident that occurred in Leningrad on August 21, 1963 . As a result of a confluence of circumstances, a Tu-124 airliner splashed down onto the Neva .
|Landing Tu-124 on the Neva|
|date||August 21 , 1963|
|Character||Emergency landing (landing)|
|Cause||problems with the nose landing gear, failure of both engines in the development of fuel|
|A place||Leningrad , USSR|
Tu-124 a / k Aeroflot, similar to those involved in the incident
|Airline||Aeroflot , Moscow division|
|Departure point||Tallinn , ESSR|
|Destination||Vnukovo , Moscow , USSR|
|Date of issue||1962|
There are 21 known cases of controlled forced landings of passenger airliners on water, in 10 of which no one died during landing; this case is one of seven that did without victims at all (in the other three cases they were drowned after the evacuation of the aircraft)  .
The new passenger liner Tu-124 of the Aeroflot company on August 21, 1963 made a regular flight en route Tallinn - Moscow . The aircraft commander was Viktor Yakovlevich Mostovoy. The plane took off from Ülemiste Airport at 08:55  and headed for Vnukovo Airport .
Some time after takeoff, the crew found that the front landing gear was jammed in a half-mounted position. Landing at the Tallinn airport was impossible because of fog, and the dispatchers decided not to send the plane to Moscow, but to land at the nearest Pulkovo airfield in Leningrad  (then it was called “Highway”   ). He followed to his destination at low altitude  . In the Highway itself, emergency services were brought to combat readiness: the fire-fighting equipment and ambulances were brought to the dirt lane, where the plane was supposed to land on the belly.
By 11:00, the liner was near the city and began to fly around the city at an altitude of about 500 meters  , producing fuel  in order to reduce the likelihood and strength of a possible fire during landing. Low altitude was chosen to avoid possible decompression, as well as for faster fuel production  . At the same time, the crew tried to completely release the chassis using a pole through a punched hole  .
At 12:10 on the eighth lap, 21 km from the airport, when, according to the testimony of the fuel gauge, there was about 750 liters of fuel left (according to other sources, 2.5 tons   ), enough to reach Pulkovo , the left engine stopped   (according to another version, there was fuel, but it did not enter the engine  ). The crew was given permission to pass through the city. However, after a short time, the second engine also stopped. Thus, the liner began to plan with a half-kilometer height above the center of the city. The crew had no choice but to try to make a landing on the surface of the Neva . The commander handed over control to second pilot Vasily Grigoryevich Chechenev, who served in the past in naval aviation and had experience of landing on water. The co-pilot Chechenev correctly oriented the plane before the landing and did not allow him to dive into the water or hit the tail part of the fuselage by water.
The plane, descending, flew over house 6 along Malookhtinsky Avenue , then 4 meters above the Alexander Nevsky Bridge (at that time under construction) and splashed down near the Finnish railway bridge . Landing on the water was made between the Alexander Nevsky Bridge and the railway bridge, opposite the Alexander Nevsky Monastery (on the left bank) and Tallinskaya Street (on the right bank of the Neva). The width of the river in this place is about 400 m  . A steam tug passing at that moment pulled the aircraft to the right bank of the Neva  . To attach the towing cable was broken glass in the nose of the aircraft  . Passengers were evacuated and sent to Moscow.
Later, a special steamer with spillway began to pump out water from the plane. However, the water from the holes arrived faster, and, as a result, by the morning the Tu-124 sank. On the next day, the pontoons were brought under the plane and the tugboat was dragged into the territory of the present Lenexpo complex, to the Skipper channel , where the military unit was based. It was later decided to write off the car due to damage. The aircraft after recovery  was sent to the Tambov Region , to the Kirsanov Aviation School (Kirsanovskoye ATU GVF, since September 15, 1964 - Kirsanovskoye ATU GA) in unassembled form, where it served as a simulator for school cadets  . In 1970, the aircraft was recycled  .
Initially, the investigating commission of the accident placed the responsibility for the abnormal situation on the crew. But later it was decided not to punish the pilots. The widow of the aircraft commander, Viktor Mostovoi, responding to questions from the Izvestia correspondent , said that he and his colleagues were presented with awards (the Order of the Red Star), but the decree on awarding was not signed as a result  . The crew commander V. Mostovoy and the navigator V. Tsarev received two-room apartments by order of Aeroflot management  . According to some reports, Mostovoy, after unsuccessful studies at the Academy of Civil Aviation, left for the Krasnodar squadron. The captain of the tugger Yu. V. Porshin was awarded a diploma and a watch  .
Prior to 1978, V. Mostovoy worked in the 200th squadron, then until 1988 he worked as a shift supervisor at the Vnukovo airport, from where he retired after a heart attack. In 1989 he emigrated with his family to Israel, where he died in Kiryat Gat in 1997  . The last years before his death he worked as a worker in a factory. .
The co-pilot Vasily Chechenev soon after a successful landing became the commander of the aircraft (FAC), and then the pilot-instructor. He died in 2002.
35 years later, participants in those events participated in the television program “How It Was” on Russian television, and former co-pilot Vasily Chechenev mentioned that the crew’s “enthusiasm” for repairing the chassis while circling around the city led to the fact that still enough to the airport  . Another reason for the program was the imperfection of the fuel indication sensors.
- Mostovoi Viktor Yakovlevich, 30 years (d. 1997) - Aircraft Commander
- Vasily G. Chechenev (d. 2002) - co-pilot
- Tsarev Victor - navigator
- Beremin Ivan - airborne
- V. Smirnov - Flight Mechanic
- Alexandrova Alexandra - Flight Attendant
According to the website of the St. Petersburg Metropolis during the emergency landing on water on board the Tu-124 was the future Patriarch Alexy II  .
- Survival rates for passenger airplane water ditchings (English) ; without victims: 16 April 1952, 16 October 1956, 22 October 1962, 21 August 1963, 2 June 1976, 15 January 2009, 6 June 2011; with the victims, but only after the successful landing and evacuation: 19 June 1954, 2 April 1956, 23 September 1962.
- ASN Aircraft accident description Tupolev 124 CCCP-45021 - Neva River . Aviation Safety Network. The appeal date is February 18, 2008. Archived March 9, 2012. (eng.)
- Accident of Tu-124 of Moscow TU GA in Leningrad. Driving on the Neva. (board CCCP-45021), August 21, 1963 . Aircraft accidents, incidents and plane crashes in the USSR and Russia. The appeal date is February 18, 2008. Archived March 9, 2012.
- History of Pulkovo Airport. Official website of Pulkovo Airport. The appeal date is July 2, 2018.
- Denis Danilov. From "Highway" to "Pulkovo". How to develop the airport of St. Petersburg . Arguments and facts (04/25/2016). The appeal date is July 2, 2018.
- Prior to this incident, the aircraft were allowed to fly over Leningrad at an altitude of about 400 meters, but after it was ordered to fly around the city limits.
- Prepare to Ditch // FLIGHT International, August 16, 1964
- Fedorov, Vladimir The plane on the Neva: new details . Petrovsky Courier, No. 41 (211), dated November 2, 1998. The appeal date is February 18, 2008. Archived on March 9, 2012.
- Said Bitsoyev. The Secret Exploit , Novye Izvestia , October 22, 1998
- Said Bitsoyev, “14 seconds and all life” , Novye Izvestia , November 11, 1998
- Vladlen Krivosheev , “ From the feat to the court and back ” // Izvestia.ru , December 17, 2008
- Skillful landing between the Leningrad bridges // NTV.ru, January 16, 2009
- TU-124, used as teaching aids . Aviation history site. The appeal date is November 7, 2014.
- Information about the airborne number CCCP-45021 Neopr . The appeal date is November 7, 2014.
- Vladimir Perekrest , “ The widow of the pilot-asa Zhanna Mostovaya:“ No, they did not give the order to her husband for landing on the Neva river! ” // Izvestia.ru. - January 30, 2009
- Alexander Andryukhin , “ Airplanes are floating - salute to Mostovoi! , Komsomolskaya Pravda , April 16, 2009
- miracle of saving the future of Patriarch Alexy II took place in 1963 during a plane crash in Leningrad
- Aviation accidents due to the diversion of the crew to problems with the chassis:
- Disaster L-1011 in the Everglades
- DC-8 crash at Kaysville
- Catastrophe dc-8 in portland