Yuri Leonidovich Elperin ( June 24, 1917 , Davos , Switzerland - September 23, 2015 , Berlin , Germany ) - Russian translator. Member of World War II .
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Born into a Jewish family. My father is a lawyer. At the time of his birth, Elperin and his family spent a long time in treatment in Switzerland . The native language of Yuri Elperin is German. In 1922, the Elperin family moved to Berlin , where his father led the printing house. Yuri studied in Berlin at a public school and gymnasium. After the National Socialists came to power in Germany, the Elperin family was expelled from Germany and first lived for two years in Paris , but were later forced to leave for the USSR .
He studied in Moscow at the German school named after K. Liebknecht , and after its closure in 1937 he moved to an ordinary Soviet school. In 1941 he graduated from the Moscow State Institute of Foreign Languages , where he studied German studies. Member of World War II .  , after the attack of fascist Germany on the USSR, he volunteered for the front. He conducted interrogations of prisoners of war in the Krasnogorsk camp. He was dismissed from the army because of his origin. The Elperin family lived in Peredelkino . Yuri Elperin taught at his native institute and gave private lessons, from the mid-1950s he was engaged in translating works of Russian literature into German.
Books translated by Elperin were published in publishing houses of the USSR and the GDR . Non-partisan Elperin was admitted to the Union of Writers of the USSR . Since the 1970s, Elperin collaborated with Swiss and West German publishers and had the opportunity to travel to the West. Contacts with Germany strengthened in the 1990s, Elperin received German citizenship, he was awarded an honorary pension in Germany. In 2000, Elperin and his wife moved to Germany, lived in Berlin.
Member of the Union of Writers of the USSR (1959) and the Union of Writers of Moscow. 
Awards and Prizes
- Order of the Patriotic War, 2nd degree (03/11/1985)
- Order of the Red Star
- medal "For Labor Distinction" (08/22/1986)
- other medals
- GDR National Award (1975)