Mikhail Davidovich Romm (April 1 (13), 1891 , Vladimir , Russian Empire - October 22, 1967 , Chimkent , Kazakh SSR , USSR ) - Russian and Soviet football player and trainer, sports journalist, football theorist, writer, translator, playwright [2 ] .
|Full name||Mikhail Davidovich Romm|
|Nickname||Colosso russo |
|Born||April 1 (April 13 ) 1891 |
Vladimir , Russian Empire
|Died||October 22, 1967 (76 years old)|
Chimkent , Kazakh SSR , USSR
|Citizenship|| Russian empire |
- 1 Biography
- 2 family
- 3 books
- 4 Translations
- 5 Articles
- 6 notes
- 7 References
Father - David Mane-Gavrielevich Romm (1863, Vilno -?), Was the son of a merchant of the second guild, mother - Rosalia Ioakhimovna Elyasheva (1864, Vilno -?), Was from the family of the pharmacist. Parents married in Vilna on April 26, 1890; father by this time received permission to live outside the Pale of Settlement and the family settled in St. Petersburg .
He acted as a right-back in the teams “Bykovo” (1904, 1914, Moscow Region), SKS (1909 - May 1912, Moscow), the cities of Pushkino (from June 1912), “Firenze” (1913), “Kolomyagi” (1915 , Petersburg), ZKS (1918-1923, Moscow)  . He played for the teams of Moscow and Russia, was its captain. Due to the conflict with the football leadership (the anti-Semitic views of the team leader of the Baltic German Bertram are to blame), he did not get to the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm  .
In 1912 he graduated from the Law Faculty of Moscow University and in the same year, together with fellow club member SKS M. Papmel translated and prepared a manual on football  . Since 1915 he was mobilized in the imperial army . After the February Revolution, he was elected to the Council of Soldiers' Deputies. In 1918 he was sent to physical education courses of Vsevobuch , subsequently transformed into the Main Military School of Physical Education of Workers, where after graduation he consistently held the posts of teacher, head of the educational unit and deputy head of the school.
In 1923, he ended his career as a football player due to an injury. The Moscow team, in which the Starostin brothers played, under his leadership won the 1928 All-Union Spartakiad . He worked as a sports journalist, developed the theory of football and participated in the filming of educational films. He is the author of books, articles and teaching aids on football, as well as other sports (“How to Play Football”, “Tactics of Modern Football”)  .
In 1931 and 1932, as a special correspondent for Izvestia, he traveled to the Franz Josef land on the Malygin icebreaker , wrote a brochure and several essays about the expedition for Izvestia, Komsomolskaya Pravda, Smena, and Spotlight. He took part in the first ascent to the highest peak in the USSR - the peak of Communism with a group of N. V. Gorbunov (1933)  .
In the 1930s, he worked as a legal adviser at the E. Vakhtangov Theater . In 1933, the play “World Champion” based on the play by M. D. Romm (1930) was staged by the New Theater in Moscow. He wrote the script for the training film on football technique, shot at the Mostechfilm studio by Amas Kondakhchan in Tbilisi in October-December 1939.
In 1943 he was repressed for “anti-Soviet sentiment” (clause 10 of article 58), after eight years in prison, he was in exile in Kyzyl-Orda . From 1953 to the end of his life, he worked as a journalist in Alma-Ata and Shimkent . Published in the Kzyl-Orda regional newspaper “Leninsky Put”. Translated into Russian two books of Askar Tokmagambetov - “Four years - four hours” and “Father and son”.
He was buried in the now abandoned old civilian cemetery along Tolstoy Street in Shymkent , next to the grave of hero pilots who died in a military hospital based in the city during the Great Patriotic War .
In Soviet times, Chimkent football players always visited the grave of Mikhail Romm, but over time this tradition was lost  .
- Wife - Valentina Sergeevna Solovyova (1908-2002), announcer of the Central Radio; left her husband after his arrest  .
- Cousins - film director Mikhail Ilyich Romm and philologist Alexander Ilyich Romm .
- Football "Association". M .: published by A. Bitkova, 1912 .-- 120 s. - 4000 copies.
- Football. M.: Red Sport, 1924 .-- 148 p. - 12,000 copies.
- Football: Description, rules, technique, tactics and training. M.: Higher Military Editorial Council, 1924. - 145 p.
- Hand ball and italian bast shoes. M.: Higher Military Editorial Council, 1924. - 78 p.
- Basketball: Training, technique, tactics, training. M .: State Military Publishing House, 1924. - 115 p .; M. — L.: State Publishing House, 1927. - 112 p .; M. — L.: Physical education and tourism, 1932. - 103 p.
- Football. 3rd edition. Moscow: State Publishing House, 1927 .-- 176 p. - 10,000 copies.
- Training football teams. Ed. A. Ziskinda. M. — L.: Physical education and tourism, 1929. - 40 p .; 3rd ed. - 1930 .-- 72 p. - 12750 copies.
- How to play football. Ed. A.V. Ziskinda. M. — L .: Physical education and tourism, 1930. - 117 p. - 30,000 copies.
- What you need to know for a new soccer player. M. — L .: Physical education and tourism, 1930. - 48 p. - 50,000 copies.
- Mountain tobogganing. M .: OGIZ - Physical education and tourism, 1931. - 67 p .; M .: FiS, 1938 .-- 87 p.
- Sports hand games with a big ball. Basketball, handball, hand ball, volleyball, Italian bast shoes. M. — L.: OGIZ - Physical Culture and Tourism, 1932. - 159 p.
- Football: A manual for physical education instructors and football section activists. 4th ed. M .: Physical education and tourism, 1933. - 184 p. - 12500 copies.
- Storm Peak Storm (Tajik-Pamir expedition 1933). M .: Young Guard, 1933. - 57 p .; M .: Soviet writer, 1936. - 268 p .; M.: Young Guard, 1937. - 200 p. - 15,000 copies.
- Climbing the peak of Stalin. M. — Tashkent: SAOGIZ, 1934. - 68 p.
- Football: a guide for physical education instructors and football section activists. 5th ed., Revised. and add. M .: Physical education and tourism - OGIZ, 1937 (Printing house "Leningradskaya Pravda"). - 157 p. - 10,000 copies.
- The Ascent of Mount Stalin. Translated by Alec Brown. London : Lawrence & Wishart, 1936. - 270 pp.
- Soviet sport in 1935: Assessment of achievements in certain types, major competitions, records. M .: Physical education and tourism, 1936. - 151 p.
- Football: A Quick Guide to Training and Training. M .: Physical education and tourism, 1938. - 86 p.
- Tactics of modern football: From the materials of the 1st All-Union Football Coaching Camp. M .: Physical education and tourism, 1939. - 167 p.
- Winners: Tennis player Teplyakova, discus thrower Dumbadze, climber Dzhaparidze (essays). M .: Physical education and tourism, 1940. - 47 p.
- Archimedes Lever: Tales and Stories. Alma-Ata: Kazgoslitizdat, 1962 .-- 208 p. - 20,000 copies.
- I support Spartak: Sport, travel, climbing. Alma-Ata: Zhazushi, 1965 .-- 326 p. - 75,000 copies.
- Gettier A.F. Mastery of modern boxing. M .: Physical education and tourism, 1937. - 117 p.
- Tokmagambetov A. Four years - four hours (novel). Alma-Ata: Kazgosizdat, 1960 .-- 76 p.
- Tokmagambetov A. Father and son (novel). Alma-Ata: Kazgoslitizdat, 1963 .-- 199 p.
- With "Malygin" to the Arctic. On land and at sea, Nos. 28–29, 31–32, 1931.
- The double-ve system in football, its occurrence and influence on the tactics of the game / Romm M. D. // Theory and practice of physical culture. - 1938. - T. II. - No. 5. - S. 22-40.
- On the content and methodology of tactical training in football // Theory and practice of physical education. - 1938. - T. III. - No. 7. - S. 27—39.
- Psychological success factors in football / Romm M. D. // Theory and practice of physical culture. - 1938. - T. II. - No. 4. - S. 42-45.
- Should all players be geniuses? / Romm M. // Football: Weekly. - 1997. - No. 27. - S. 12-13.
- Valery Burt. "Colosso russo" . The Free Press (September 14, 2013).
- Tombstone on the grave of M.D. Romm dates of life: April 1, 1891 - October 22, 1967.
- Sergey Bondarenko “Unusual Romm” (inaccessible link) . Date of treatment June 13, 2016. Archived July 2, 2016.
- Axel Vartanyan “The First Russian Legionnaire”
- G. Duperron. Bibliography of sports and physical development . - Pg. , 1915. - S. 169.
- Felix Swan "A method for constructing a two-dimensional taxonomic space for the classification of games and sports"
- Sally N. Cummings "Symbolism and Power in Central Asia: Politics of the Spectacular"
- Kazakhstan: Chimkent's oldest cemetery thoroughly inhabited by homeless people
- Max Koifman “Golden Foliage of Memory”